Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking Water: Estimating Uptake Through the Skin and by Inhalation / Edition 1

Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking Water: Estimating Uptake Through the Skin and by Inhalation / Edition 1

by Stephen S Olin
     
 

ISBN-10: 0849328047

ISBN-13: 9780849328046

Pub. Date: 11/19/1998

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking Water: Estimating Uptake through the Skin and by Inhalation examines the current state of science in th is field by identifying and reviewing the available information resour ces; evaluating various models and approaches; and demonstrating the f easibility of developing estimates of the distribution of absorbed dos es of

Overview

Exposure to Contaminants in Drinking Water: Estimating Uptake through the Skin and by Inhalation examines the current state of science in th is field by identifying and reviewing the available information resour ces; evaluating various models and approaches; and demonstrating the f easibility of developing estimates of the distribution of absorbed dos es of contaminants in drinking water through contact with the skin and by inhalation. This book, the product of a fifteen-member expert work ing group convened by the Risk Science Institute of the International Life Sciences Institute under a cooperative agreement with the U.S. En vironmental Protection Agency's Office of Water, includes contribution s from experts in exposure modeling and measurement; water chemistry; time-activity patterns; dermal and respiratory uptake; and the use of probability distributions in characterizing exposures.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780849328046
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
11/19/1998
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.72(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction, S.S. Olin
Contaminant Characteristics, D.A. Reckhow and S.S. Olin
Physical and Chemical Parameters
The Contaminants
Exposure Characteristics, T. Johnson, P.J. Hakkinen, and D.A. Reckhow
Demographics
Water Consumption and Time/Activity Data
Building Characteristics
Water Source Characteristics
Developing Exposure Estimates, N. Chiu, C. Davidson, J.C. Little, S.N. Pandis, C.P. Weisel, and C.R. Wilkes
Vapors and Gases
Aerosols and Water Droplets
Water (Direct Contact)
Modeling of Exposure to Waterborne Contaminants
Respiratory Uptake, R.R. Mercer
Regions of the Respiratory Tract
Models for Assessing Respiratory Dosimetry
Sources of Airborne Drinking Water Toxicants
Physiologic and Pharmacokinetic Factors
Model Estimates of Lung Toxicant Uptake
Dermal Uptake, A.L. Bunge and J.N. McDougal
Barrier Properties
Skin Penetration Data
Mathematical Models of Penetration
Recommendations of Experimental Methods for Water Exposures
Recommendations for Use of Penetration Data for Risk Assessments
Case Studies, C.R. Wilkes
Modeled Residence
Activity Patterns
Water Uses
Modeling Contaminant Emissions During Household Uses
Modeling Absorbed Dose
Results
Conclusions

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