Extraction of Metals from Soils and Waters / Edition 1

Extraction of Metals from Soils and Waters / Edition 1

by D. Max Roundhill
     
 

ISBN-10: 0306467224

ISBN-13: 9780306467226

Pub. Date: 12/31/2001

Publisher: Springer US

Extractions of Metals from Soils and Waters represents a new emphasis in the series Modern Inorganic Chemistry, namely the impact inorganic chemistry can have on the environment. Also, this is the first volume ever to introduce the reader to all aspects of heavy metal extraction. While the primary emphasis is on complexation chemistry, attention is also paid to

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Overview

Extractions of Metals from Soils and Waters represents a new emphasis in the series Modern Inorganic Chemistry, namely the impact inorganic chemistry can have on the environment. Also, this is the first volume ever to introduce the reader to all aspects of heavy metal extraction. While the primary emphasis is on complexation chemistry, attention is also paid to phase transfer aspects. Particular methods of note include electrokinetics, phytoremediation, and sensors. Aimed primarily at chemists, this book will also appeal to engineers, plant biochemists, environmental health specialists, and practitioners or students of environmental law.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780306467226
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
12/31/2001
Series:
Modern Inorganic Chemistry Series
Edition description:
2002
Pages:
391
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

1Introduction
Occurrence and Remediation Strategies1
2Phase Transfer Extraction and Adsorption Methods
Liquid-Liquid Systems11
Adsorption Methods20
3Soil Washing Methods and In Situ Stabilization Methods
Soil Washing and Flooding36
Analytical Techniques41
Extraction from Soils43
Complexant Design for Soil Extraction44
4Electrokinetic Extraction of Metals from Soils
Electrokinetic Extraction47
5Selective Extraction with Chelates, Macrocycles, and Calixarenes
Multidentate Ligands65
Macrocyclic Ligands81
Calixarenes95
Limitations of Chelate, Macrocycle, and Calixarene Extractants100
6Phase Transfer Extraction of Mercury
Background105
Complexants107
Chelates and Multidentates109
Extraction and Detection Techniques113
Column Materials for Mercury Separation114
Macrocycles and Open Chain Analogs116
Porphyrins121
Calixarenes122
Elemental Mercury125
7Phase Transfer Extraction of Lead and Cadmium
Lead129
Cadmium151
8Phase Transfer Extraction of Copper, Silver and Gold
Copper164
Silver and Gold179
9Extraction of Actinides and Lanthanides
Actinides193
Lanthanides206
10Extraction of Anions and Oxyanions
Toxicological Effects233
Analytical Techniques234
Extraction Methods234
Complexant Design237
Extraction from Soils243
11Extraction of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals
Crown Ethers248
Specialty Crowns270
Cavitands and Cryptands273
Other Oxygen Donors276
Metal Oxides279
Physical Methods279
Cesium281
12Phytoremediation and Bioremediation of Soils and Waters
Phytoremediation290
Bioremediation297
13Optical and Redox Sensors with Metal Ions
Optical Reporter Molecules308
Redox Reporter Molecules310
Chemiluminescence310
Chelate Complexants311
Macrocyclic Complexants327
Crown Ethers and Cryptands for Alkali and Alkaline Earth Chemosensors338
Sensors for Biological Applications345
Solid State Sensors353
Sensors for Anions355
Molecular Computation359
Index365

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