Extraction of Metals from Soils and Waters / Edition 1

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Overview

Extractions of Metals from Soils and Waters represents a new emphasis in the series Modern Inorganic Chemistry, namely the impact inorganic chemistry can have on the environment. Also, this is the first volume ever to introduce the reader to all aspects of heavy metal extraction. While the primary emphasis is on complexation chemistry, attention is also paid to phase transfer aspects. Particular methods of note include electrokinetics, phytoremediation, and sensors. Aimed primarily at chemists, this book will also appeal to engineers, plant biochemists, environmental health specialists, and practitioners or students of environmental law.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
An introductory guide to metal extraction that focuses on the inorganic chemistry part of the topic, emphasizing the particular properties of metals and the complexants that result in them being chosen for individual application. The book is divided into chapters that cover both techniques and individual methods. Techniques include soil washing and electrokinetic extraction and the metals include the alkali metals (emphasizing cesium); heavy metals such as mercury, lead, cadmium, copper, silver, and gold; lanthanides; and actinides. Also discussed are the newly emerging fields of bioremediation and phytoremediation. Finally the development and use of selective sensors for metal ions is covered, as they are necessary to conform to regulations controlling the allowable amount of metals that can be released into the environment. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
From the Publisher
'This packed volume will appeal broadly to professionals and students interested in the topic of extractive remediation of environmental media contaminated with toxic or radioactive metals. Whether one seeks information on applicable techniques, specific approaches to individual metal ions, or the chemistry of the myriad reagents that have been used, one will find up-to-date information together with numerous citations to detailed source literature. Written from the perspective of inorganic chemistry, the volume excels in describing the application of the principles of coordination chemistry. However, the treatment is sufficiently general as to serve as a handy reference in the fields of environmental chemistry, extractive metallurgy, analytical chemistry, and separations science and technology.'
Bruce A. Moyer, PhD, Oak Ridge, TN
'This third book by Max Roundhill in the "Modern Inorganic Chemistry" series provides a thoroughly competent treatment that will serve the needs of both researchers and users of the methods. As well as having a logical and systematic structure, the text is written in an easily readable style so that the contents can be assimilated quickly. The clear arrangement of the material according to the different methods and heavy metals will ensure that the above two groups of users can quickly find information on aspects of special interest. On one hand, by explaining the advantages and disadvantages of the various extraction methods it enables the user to make an informed choice, and also to choose the most suitable ligands, for example with regard to metal selectivity. The researcher, on the other hand, will be able to evaluate his or her own results (using different ligands or extraction methods) by comparing them with the results reported in the book. Thus, the author wisely decided to include not only methods that have already been tested in field trials, but also results from research on other interesting methods which are still only at the laboratory stage.'
Rainer Ludwig, Institut für Chemie, Freie Universität Berlin (Germany) in Angewandte Chemie Review in 2002
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780306467226
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 12/31/2001
  • Series: Modern Inorganic Chemistry Series
  • Edition description: 2002
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 391
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.88 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
Occurrence and Remediation Strategies 1
2 Phase Transfer Extraction and Adsorption Methods
Liquid-Liquid Systems 11
Adsorption Methods 20
3 Soil Washing Methods and In Situ Stabilization Methods
Soil Washing and Flooding 36
Analytical Techniques 41
Extraction from Soils 43
Complexant Design for Soil Extraction 44
4 Electrokinetic Extraction of Metals from Soils
Electrokinetic Extraction 47
5 Selective Extraction with Chelates, Macrocycles, and Calixarenes
Multidentate Ligands 65
Macrocyclic Ligands 81
Calixarenes 95
Limitations of Chelate, Macrocycle, and Calixarene Extractants 100
6 Phase Transfer Extraction of Mercury
Background 105
Complexants 107
Chelates and Multidentates 109
Extraction and Detection Techniques 113
Column Materials for Mercury Separation 114
Macrocycles and Open Chain Analogs 116
Porphyrins 121
Calixarenes 122
Elemental Mercury 125
7 Phase Transfer Extraction of Lead and Cadmium
Lead 129
Cadmium 151
8 Phase Transfer Extraction of Copper, Silver and Gold
Copper 164
Silver and Gold 179
9 Extraction of Actinides and Lanthanides
Actinides 193
Lanthanides 206
10 Extraction of Anions and Oxyanions
Toxicological Effects 233
Analytical Techniques 234
Extraction Methods 234
Complexant Design 237
Extraction from Soils 243
11 Extraction of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals
Crown Ethers 248
Specialty Crowns 270
Cavitands and Cryptands 273
Other Oxygen Donors 276
Metal Oxides 279
Physical Methods 279
Cesium 281
12 Phytoremediation and Bioremediation of Soils and Waters
Phytoremediation 290
Bioremediation 297
13 Optical and Redox Sensors with Metal Ions
Optical Reporter Molecules 308
Redox Reporter Molecules 310
Chemiluminescence 310
Chelate Complexants 311
Macrocyclic Complexants 327
Crown Ethers and Cryptands for Alkali and Alkaline Earth Chemosensors 338
Sensors for Biological Applications 345
Solid State Sensors 353
Sensors for Anions 355
Molecular Computation 359
Index 365
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