F C S Schiller on Pragmatism and Humanism: Selected Writings, 1891-1939

Overview

In his prolific seventy-three-years lifetime, F C. S. Schiller was a well-known Philosopher of the highest repute, considered synonymous with humanist philosophy. Up until his death in 1937, he carried the torch of pragmatism and self-titled humanism into the twentieth century, nearly single-handedly energizing European debates over pragmatic approaches to logic, science, truth, and reality. He retained humanism as the foundation for his entire philosophy, stressing that the environment, knowledge, and values ...

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Overview

In his prolific seventy-three-years lifetime, F C. S. Schiller was a well-known Philosopher of the highest repute, considered synonymous with humanist philosophy. Up until his death in 1937, he carried the torch of pragmatism and self-titled humanism into the twentieth century, nearly single-handedly energizing European debates over pragmatic approaches to logic, science, truth, and reality. He retained humanism as the foundation for his entire philosophy, stressing that the environment, knowledge, and values must always be the creation of human choices and activities.

The study of Schiller's most important contributions to the philosophical traditions of humanism and pragmatism continues to be of great significance for contemporary scholars. The forty-two piece that appear in this volume, carefully selected from his books, journal articles, and essay contributions published between 1891 and 1939, represent Schiller's finest writings. They range across a broad spectrum of specific topics: logic and scientific method, meaning and religion, and ethics and politics. The collection also includes and introduction to Schiller's life and career, introduction essays, and a bibliography of his momentous work. With reverential enthusiasm, Shook and McDonald have here awakened the intelligent and passionate voice of humanism's all-too-neglected driving force.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781591025498
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 1/28/2008
  • Pages: 650
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.80 (d)

Meet the Author

John R. Shook is the author of The Essential William James, Dewey's Empirical Theory of Knowledge and Reality, and Pragmatism: An Annotated Bibliography, 1898-1940. He is also the editor of Exuberant Skepticism by Paul Kurtz; Pragmatic Naturalism and Realism; Dewey's Enduring Impact: Essays on America's Philosopher (with Paul Kurtz); The Future of Naturalism (with Paul Kurtz); and F. C. S. Schiller on Pragmatism and Humanism: Selected Writings, 1891–1939 (with Hugh McDonald), among other works. He is the director of education and a senior research fellow at the Center for Inquiry and a research associate in philosophy at the University at Buffalo.

Hugh McDonald (New York, NY), assistant professor of philosophy at the CUNY New York City College of Technology, is the author of Radical Axiology: A First Philosophy of Values and John Dewey and Environmental Ethics.

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Table of Contents

Introduction: The Life and Career of F. C. S. Schiller, by John Shook 11

Part 1 First Principles: Humanism, Personalism, Pluralism, Pragmatism

Introduction Hugh McDonald 27

1 Preface. Humanism: Philosophical Essays (London and New York: Macmillan, 1903), pp. vii-xxv 32

2 The Definition of Pragmatism and Humanism. Studies in Humanism, 2nd edn. (London and New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 1-21 45

3 Absolutism and the Dissociation of Personality. Studies in Humanism, 2nd edn. (London and New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 266-73 61

4 Humism and Humanism. Studies in Humanism, 2nd edn. (London and New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 228-48 67d New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 228-48 67

5 The Meaning of Self. Mind 31 (1922), pp. 185-88 83

6 Why Humanism? Contemporary British Philosophy: Personal Statements, First Series, ed. J. H. Muirhead (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1924), pp. 385-410 87

7 Theory and Practice. Must Philosophers Disagree? And Other Essays in Popular Philosophy(London and New York: Macmillan, 1934), pp. 164-81 106

Part 2 First Philosophy: Metaphysics and Values

Introduction Hugh McDonald 123

8 The Ethical Basis of Metaphysics. Humanism: Philosophical Essays (London and New York: Macmillan, 1903), pp. 1-17 127

9 Reality and 'Idealism'. Humanism: Philosophical Essays (London and New York: Macmillan, 1903), pp. 110-27 140

10 The Place of Pessimism in Philosophy. Humanism: Philosophical Essays (London and New York: Macmillan, 1903), pp. 157-65 153

11 Value. Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, vol. 12, ed. James Hastings (New York; Charles Scribner's Sons, 1926), pp. 584-89 160

12 Creation, Emergence, Novelty. Must Philosophers Disagree? And Other Essays in Popular Philosophy (London and New York: Macmillan, 1934), pp. 203-13 175

13 The Metaphysics of Change. Must Philosophers Disagree? And Other Essays in Popular Philosophy (London and New York: Macmillan, 1934), pp. 235-48 184

14 The Relativity of Metaphysics. Our Human Truths (New York: Columbia University Press, 1939), pp. 176-88 195

Part III Evolution and Religion

Introduction Hugh McDonald 207

15 The Metaphysics of Evolution. Riddles of the Sphinx: A Study in the Philosophy of Evolution (London: Swan, Sonnenschein, and Co., 1891), pp. 170-211 211

16 Man and God. Riddles of the Sphinx: A Study in the Philosophy of Evolution (London: Swan, Sonnenschein, and Co., 1891), pp. 326-74 236

17 Darwinism and Design. Humanism: Philosophical Essays (London and New York: Macmillan, 1903), pp. 128-56 265

18 The Ethical Significance of Immortality. Humanism: Philosophical Essays (London and New York: Macmillan, 1903), pp. 250-65 285

19 Faith, Reason, and Religion. Studies in Humanism, 2nd edn. (London and New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 349-69 297

20 Pragmatism, Humanism, and Religion. Must Philosophers Disagree? And Other Essays in Popular Philosophy (London and New York: Macmillan, 1934), pp. 306-19 312

Part IV Ethics and Politics

Introduction Hugh McDonald 325

21 Freedom and Responsibility. Humanism; Philosophical Essays, 2nd edn. (London and New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 283-312 330

22 Is the Distinction between Moral Rightness and Wrongness Ultimate? Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Philosophy, ed. Gilbert Ryle (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1931), pp. 319-23 352

23 Ethics, Casuistry, and Life. Our Human Truths (New York: Columbia University Press, 1939), pp. 189-202 357

24 Eugenics as a Moral Ideal. Social Decay and Eugenical Reform (London: Constable and Co., 1932), pp. 28-47 367

25 Can Democracy Survive? Our Human Truths (New York: Columbia University Press, 1939), pp. 228-45 378

26 Ant-Men or Super-Men? Our Human Truths (New York: Columbia University Press, 1939), pp. 251-68 391

Part V Truth

Introduction Hugh McDonald 407

27 Axioms as Postulates. Personal Idealism, ed. Henry Sturt (London and New York: Macmillan, 1902), pp. 47-133 411

28 Truth. Humanism: Philosophical Essays (London and New York: Macmillan, 1903), pp. 44-61 473

29 The Ambiguity of Truth. Studies in Humanism, 2nd edn. (London and New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 141-62 486

30 The Making of Truth. Studies in Humanism, 2nd edn. (London and New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 179-203 503

31 The Humanist Theory of Truth. Logic for Use: An introduction to the Voluntarist Theory of Knowledge (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1929), pp. 145-74 520

Part VI Meaning and Logic

Introduction Hugh McDonald 547

32 The Relations of Logic and Psychology. Studies in Humanism, 2nd edn. (London and New York: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 71-113 551

33 The General Nature of Inference. Formal Logic: A Scientific and Social Problem (London: Macmillan, 1912), pp. 165-78 582

34 The Meaning of'Meaning'. Mind 29 (1920), pp. 385-99 592

35 The Logic of Belief. Problems of Belief (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1924), pp. 94-106 604

36 Relevance. Logic for Use: An Introduction to the Voluntarist Theory of Knowledge (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1929), pp. 75-94 611

37 Personalist Logic. Must Philosophers Disagree? And Other Essays in Popular Philosophy London and New York: Macmillan, 1934), pp.43-46 627

38 Multi-Valued Logics-and Others. Our Human Truths (New York: Columbia University Press, 1939), pp. 298-318 630

Part VII Scientific Method

Introduction Hugh McDonald 647

39 The Biologic of Judgment Logic for Use: An Introduction to the Voluntarist Theory of Knowledge (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1929), pp. 193-207 653

40 Scientific Discovery and Logical Proof. Studies in the History and Method of Science, ed. Charles Joseph Singer (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1917), vol. 1, pp. 235-289 665

41 Scientific Method. Logic for Use: An Introduction to the Voluntarist Theory of Knowledge (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1929), pp. 353-415 712

42 How Far Does Science Need Determinism? Our Human Truths (New York: Columbia University Press, 1939), pp. 168-175 760

Bibliography of F. C. S. Schiller, compiled John R. Shook 767

Index 785

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