Facing the Unexpected: Disaster Preparedness and Response in the United States

Facing the Unexpected: Disaster Preparedness and Response in the United States

by Kathleen J. Tierney, Michael K. Lindell, Ronald W. Perry
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309069998

ISBN-13: 9780309069991

Pub. Date: 11/06/2001

Publisher: National Academies Press

Facing the Unexpected presents the wealth of information derived fromdisasters around the world over the past 25 years. The authors explore how these findings can improve disaster programs, identify remaining research needs, and discuss disaster within the broader context of sustainable development.

How do different people think about disaster? Are we

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Overview

Facing the Unexpected presents the wealth of information derived fromdisasters around the world over the past 25 years. The authors explore how these findings can improve disaster programs, identify remaining research needs, and discuss disaster within the broader context of sustainable development.

How do different people think about disaster? Are we more likely to panic or to respond with altruism? Why are 110 people killed in a Valujet crash considered disaster victims while the 50,000 killed annually in traffic accidents in the U.S. are not? At the crossroads of social, cultural, and economic factors, this book examines these and other compelling questions.

The authors review the influences that shape the U.S. governmental system for disaster planning and response, the effectiveness of local emergency agencies, and the level of professionalism in the field. They also compare technological versus natural disaster and examine the impact of technology on disaster programs.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309069991
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
11/06/2001
Series:
Natural Hazards and Disasters: Reducing Loss and Building Sustainability in a Hazardous World: A Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
29
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

1Conceptualizing Disasters and Their Impacts1
The Hazard Cycle and Disasters4
Classic Approaches to Defining and Studying Disasters8
The Natural Hazards Perspective11
Conceptual Debates in the Study of Disasters12
Emerging Theoretical Perspectives16
Linking Hazards and Disaster Research22
Organization of This Book24
2Getting Ready: Research on Disaster Preparedness27
Household Preparedness29
Organizational Preparedness46
Interorganizational and Community Disaster Preparedness58
Preparedness at the State and National Levels63
Research Issues and Unanswered Questions69
3Moving Into Action: Individual and Group Behavior in Disasters81
Household Emergency Response83
Emergency Shelter and Housing100
Other Individual and Group Behavior During and Immediately Following Disaster Impact106
Issues for Future Research118
4Meeting the Challenge: Organizational and Governmental Response in Disasters121
Response Activities of Emergency Management and Other Crisis-Relevant Organizations123
Private-Sector Organizations in Disasters131
Interorganizational and Community Response143
Supra-Local and National Response153
Issues for Future Research155
5Factors Influencing Disaster Preparedness and Response157
Factors Associated with the Extent and Quality of Preparedness and Response Activities157
Sociocultural and Sociodemographic Factors167
Disaster Agent Characteristics188
Concluding Observations197
6The Wider Context: Societal Factors Influencing Emergency Management Policy and Practice199
The Intergovernmental and Policy Context200
Cultural Influences on Hazard- and Disaster-Related Behavior212
Economic Factors220
Technological Change224
Professionalization and Knowledge Transfer233
Concluding Observations240
7Where Do We Go From Here? Improving What We Know About Disasters While Coping with Them More Effectively243
Disaster Research and Social Theory247
Preparedness and Response in Context: Seeing the Larger Picture250
Preparedness, Response, and Sustainability254
References261
Index291

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