Faith and Reason / Edition 1

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Overview


The philosophy of religion is an intrinsic part of the richness of Western philosophy. Faith and Reason displays in historical perspective some of the rich dialogue between religion and philosophy over two millennia, beginning with Greek reflections about God and the gods and ending with twentieth-century debate about faith in a world that tends to reserve its reverence for science. Paul Helm uses as a case study the question of whether the world is eternal or whether it was created out of nothing, following this theme from Plato through medieval thought to modern scientific speculation about the beginnings of the universe. This Oxford Reader also includes discussion of many other fundamental issues raised by the juxtaposition of faith and reason, including arguments for and against the existence of God, the relationship between religion and ethics, the contrast between reason and revelation as sources of knowledge, and the implications of religious belief for freedom of the will.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780192892904
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 3/25/1999
  • Series: Oxford Readers Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 432
  • Sales rank: 982,606
  • Product dimensions: 9.10 (w) x 6.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul Helm is Professor of the History and Philosophy of Religion at King's College, London.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 3
I The Classical Background
1 The Form of the Good 18
2 Creation 20
3 The Existence of the Gods 22
4 The Everlastingness of Motion 24
5 The Unmoved Mover 27
6 Divine Thought 30
7 Creation and Providence 31
8 The Innate Idea of the Gods 33
9 The Existence of the Gods 35
10 Concerning God 38
11 Death is Nothing to Us 40
12 The One 43
II The Interaction of Judaeo-Christianity and the Classical World
13 The Bible: Selections 50
14 On the Creation 52
15 True Philosophy 54
16 Philosophy and the Comprehension of Divine Truth 56
17 Christianity and Plato 58
18 Revelation before Human Reason 61
19 Is the World Eternal? 64
20 Faith and Reason 65
21 Plato and Christianity 69
22 The Creation 71
23 The Perfection of Happiness 73
24 Knowing God 76
25 Creation out of Nothing 78
26 Philosophy, Scripture, and Reason 83
III The Medieval Period
27 The Ontological Argument 88
28 Divine Omnipotence 90
29 Language and Creation 92
30 How Creatures Manifest God 98
31 Theology and Science 100
32 Whether there is a God 101
33 Faith and Reason 106
34 The Inner Act of Faith 112
35 The Beginning 115
36 A Kalam Cosmological Argument 118
37 The Journey of the Mind to God 122
38 Proofs for God 124
39 Can it be Proved that there is Only One God? 130
40 On his own Ignorance 131
IV Renaissance and Reformation
41 The Freedom of the Will 137
42 The Bondage of the Will 138
43 Faith in the Justice of God 141
44 The Sensus Divinitatis 143
45 The Testimony of the Spirit 146
46 True Religion 148
47 Science and the Interpretation of the Bible 151
48 Faith and Reason 156
49 Of Religion 159
50 Christianity Conceived Only by Faith 161
51 The Light of Nature 163
52 The Reason of Faith 166
53 Reason and Religion 169
V The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
54 The Existence of God 175
55 Reason and Scripture 179
56 Faith beyond Reason 182
57 The Provinces of Faith and Reason 185
58 The Argument from Design 189
59 Analogies and Disanalogies 192
60 Probability the Guide to Life 194
61 Logic and Reason in Faith and Science 197
62 Denying Knowledge to Make Room for Faith 201
63 Faith as Feeling 204
64 Faith is More than Feeling 207
65 The Conformity of Faith with Reason 211
66 Reason, God, and Duty 215
67 Reason No Substitute for Revelation 219
VI The Nineteenth Century
68 God as a Projection 226
69 Religion as Opium: Man Makes Religion Bèurgerkrieg in Frankreich. English229
70 The Absolute Paradox 230
71 Religion as Wish-Fulfilment 232
72 Religion as a Social Construction 235
73 The Ethics of Belief 238
74 The Will to Believe 240
75 Reason, Conviction, Indifference 244
76 The Limits of Religious Thought 246
77 The Infinite Goodness of God 249
78 Reason and Revealed Religion 251
79 Nature and Purpose 254
80 Darwin and Design 256
VII The Twentieth Century: I. Faith and Hard Science
81 Doomed Rivals 262
82 Evolution and True Belief 264
83 Genesis and Evolution 267
84 Fine Tuning 273
85 A Self-Contained Universe 277
86 The Beginning of the Universe 280
87 Creation and Cosmology 283
88 Theism, Spirituality, and Science 285
89 Theism and Science 289
VIII The Twentieth Century: II. Faith, Realism, and Pluralism
90 The Meaninglessness of Theological Statements 296
91 Theology and Falsification 297
92 The Meaningfulness of Theological Language 299
93 Anti-Realist Faith 301
94 Against Anti-Realist Faith 303
95 Atheism and Religious Practice 306
96 Faith, Scepticism, and Religious Understanding 310
97 Taking the Curse off Language-Games 313
98 Is Understanding Religion Compatible with Believing? 315
99 Understanding a Primitive Society 317
100 Revelation 320
101 Reason and Revelation 323
102 Revelation 325
103 The Pluralistic Hypothesis 327
104 Epistemic Objections to Exclusivism 329
IX The Twentieth Century: III. Reason and Belief in God
105 The Presumption of Atheism 336
106 The Agnostic's Dilemma 338
107 The World and its Order 342
108 Is Belief in God Properly Basic? 346
109 Sin and Reason 355
110 The Irrelevance of Proof to Religion 357
111 Faith and Criticism 362
112 Experience in Religious Belief 366
113 Clifford's Principle 370
114 The Voluntariness of Faith 373
115 Faith and Merit 375
116 The Sin of Unbelief 378
Select Bibliography 383
Biographical Notes 390
Source Acknowledgements 401
Index 407
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