Faith, Medical Alchemy and Natural Philosophy: Johann Moriaen, Reformed Intelligencer, and Hartlib Circleby John T. Young
Pub. Date: 12/01/1998
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
This is a fundamental re-assessment of the world-view of the alchemists, natural philosophers and intelligencers of the mid 17th century. Based almost entirely upon the extensive and hitherto little-researched manuscript archive of Samuel Hartlib, it charts and contextualises the personal and intellectual history of Johann Moriaen (c.1592-1668), a Dutch-German alchemist and natural philosopher. Moriaen was closely acquainted with many of the leading thinkers and experimenters of his time, including René Descartes, J.A. Comenius, J.R. Glauber and J.S. KÃ¼ffler. His detailed reports of relations with these figures and his response to their work provide a uniquely informed insight into the world of alchemy and natural philosophy. This study also illuminates the nature and mechanisms of intellectual and technological exchanges between Germany, The Netherlands and England.
Table of ContentsContents: List of abbreviations; Acknowledgements; Foreword; Part One: Johann Moriaen: A Biographical sketch: Servant of the Church: Origins and Upbringing; Under the Cross; Mystics and Utopists; Wanderjahre; Servant of God: In a Free Country; Moriaen and the Jews; Technological Exchanges; The Godly Entrepreneur; An Intelligencer’s Ethos: Public and Private; ’Without Partialitie’: the Irenic Ideal; Part Two: Universal Wisdom: Panaceas of the Soul: Comenius and the Dream of Universal Knowledge: Origins of the Pansophic Project; The Notion of Pansophy: Beyond Bacon and Alsted; ’To Leave No Problem Unsolved’: The New Mathematics as a Model for Pansophy; The Collection in The Netherlands; Comenius’s Visits to England and the Netherlands; Curing Creation: Alchemy and Spirituality: ’Ora et Labora’: ’Pray and Labour’; Chemistry versus Alchemy; The Key to Creation; Universal Medicines: Johann Rudolph Glauber and his Reception in England: ’Paracelsus of the Seventeenth Century’ or ’German Robert Boyle’?; Heyday in The Netherlands; Flight into Germany; Last Years in Amsterdam; Glauber’s Reception in the Hartlib Circle; The Dawn of Wisdom: Benjamin Worsley’s Alchemical Mission to the Netherlands; Moriaen and the ’Great Work’; The Gate of Things; Conclusion; Appendix; Bibliography; Index.
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