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In sharp contrast, Gornick and Meyers show how in the United States - an economy with high labor force participation among both fathers and mothers - parents are left to craft private solutions to the society-wide dilemma of "who will care for the children?
Parents - overwhelmingly mothers - must loosen their ties to the workplace to care for their children; workers are forced to negotiate with their employers, often unsuccessfully, for family leave and reduced work schedules; and parents must purchase care of dubious quality, at high prices, from consumer markets. By leaving child care solutions up to hard-pressed working parents, these private solutions exact a high price in terms of gender inequality in the workplace and at home, family stress and economic insecurity, and - not least - child well-being. Gornick and Meyers show that it is possible - based on the experiences of other countries - to enhance child well-being and to increase gender equality by promoting more extensive and egalitarian family leave, work-time, and child care policies.
|About the Authors|
|Ch. 1||Introduction: The Conflicts Between Earning and Caring||1|
|Ch. 2||The Changing American Family and the Problem of Private Solutions||24|
|Ch. 3||The United States in Cross-National Perspective: Are Parents and Children Doing Better Elsewhere?||58|
|Ch. 4||Reconciling the Conflicts: Toward a Dual-Earner - Dual-Carer Society||84|
|Ch. 5||Ensuring Time to Care During the Early Years: Family Leave Policy||112|
|Ch. 6||Strengthening Reduced-Hour Work: Regulation of Working Time||147|
|Ch. 7||Providing Public Care: Child Care, Preschool, and Public Schooling||185|
|Ch. 8||Does Policy Matter? Linking Policies to Outcomes||236|
|Ch. 9||Developing Earner-Carer Policies in the United States||268|
|App. A||Description of Cross-National Data Sets Used||305|
|App. B||Summary of Selected European Union Directives||309|
|App. C||Construction of Policy Indexes||315|