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Animals born with bones and muscles are meant to move. In modernsystems of intensive agriculture, however, many animals — notably,swine, veal calves, and poultry — are rigorously confined. In thisbook Professor Bernard E. Rollin describes problems of animalwelfare in today's agriculture, discusses the research that existsfor improving these systems, and proposes topics for further study.
Rollin urges animal producers and agricultural scientists tobegin now to address welfare problems. He cites the biomedicalresearch community, which ignored issues of pain control and animalwelfare until public concern led to federal legislation. Promisingwork has already been done in Europe, where the public has demandedthat livestock not suffer. A new social ethic in the United Statescalls for humane agricultural systems that meet the needs andnatures of the animals we use. Striking a balanced and rationalapproach, Rollin's thoughtful text is valuable reading for animalproducers, agricultural scientists, veterinarians, animaladvocates, and the general public.
The book contains black-and-white illustrations.
Part 1 The Social and Bioethical Background.
1. The New Social Ethic for Animals.
Personal Ethics and Social Ethics
Traditional Social Ethics and the Treatment of Animals.
The Inadequacy of the Traditional Ethic.
The Rise of the New Ethic.
The Nature of the Emerging Ethic: Beyond Cruelty
Evidence for the Presence of the New Ethic.
The Relevance of the New Social Ethic to Agriculture.
2. Welfare Research and Scientific Ideology.
Scientific and Producer Attitudes toward Animal Welfare
Can Animal Suffering Be Assessed Scientifically?
What Sorts of Research Should Be Undertaken?
How, Morally, Ought Welfare Research Be Conducted?
Animal Welfare and Genetic Engineering.
Part 2 Research Issues in Farm Animal Welfare.
3. The Beef Industry.
Welfare Issues in Ranching.
4. The Swine Industry.
Confinement of Sows.
Modification of Existing Systems.
Development of New Systems.
Looking at Traditional Systems.
Other Sow Welfare Problems.
Handling and Transport
5. The Dairy Industry.
Ethograms for Cattle.
Welfare Issues of Cows
6. The Veal Industry.
Welfare Problems in Current Systems.
7. The Poultry Industry.
Welfare Issues in Battery-Cage Egg Production.
Improving Hen Welfare.
Changing the Animal.
Problems in Broiler Welfare.
Handling, Transportation, and Slaughter of Poultry.