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Animals born with bones and muscles are meant to move. In modern systems of intensive agriculture, however, many animals — notably, swine, veal calves, and poultry — are rigorously confined. In this book Professor Bernard E. Rollin describes problems of animal welfare in today's agriculture, discusses the research that exists for improving these systems, and proposes topics for further study.
Rollin urges animal producers and agricultural scientists to begin now to address welfare problems. He cites the biomedical research community, which ignored issues of pain control and animal welfare until public concern led to federal legislation. Promising work has already been done in Europe, where the public has demanded that livestock not suffer. A new social ethic in the United States calls for humane agricultural systems that meet the needs and natures of the animals we use. Striking a balanced and rational approach, Rollin's thoughtful text is valuable reading for animal producers, agricultural scientists, veterinarians, animal advocates, and the general public.
The book contains black-and-white illustrations.
Part 1 The Social and Bioethical Background.
1. The New Social Ethic for Animals.
Personal Ethics and Social Ethics
Traditional Social Ethics and the Treatment of Animals.
The Inadequacy of the Traditional Ethic.
The Rise of the New Ethic.
The Nature of the Emerging Ethic: Beyond Cruelty
Evidence for the Presence of the New Ethic.
The Relevance of the New Social Ethic to Agriculture.
2. Welfare Research and Scientific Ideology.
Scientific and Producer Attitudes toward Animal Welfare
Can Animal Suffering Be Assessed Scientifically?
What Sorts of Research Should Be Undertaken?
How, Morally, Ought Welfare Research Be Conducted?
Animal Welfare and Genetic Engineering.
Part 2 Research Issues in Farm Animal Welfare.
3. The Beef Industry.
Welfare Issues in Ranching.
4. The Swine Industry.
Confinement of Sows.
Modification of Existing Systems.
Development of New Systems.
Looking at Traditional Systems.
Other Sow Welfare Problems.
Handling and Transport
5. The Dairy Industry.
Ethograms for Cattle.
Welfare Issues of Cows
6. The Veal Industry.
Welfare Problems in Current Systems.
7. The Poultry Industry.
Welfare Issues in Battery-Cage Egg Production.
Improving Hen Welfare.
Changing the Animal.
Problems in Broiler Welfare.
Handling, Transportation, and Slaughter of Poultry.