Farmers' and Farm Workers' Movements: Social Protest in American Agriculture

Overview

In this comprehensive overview of the fascinating and rich history of the struggles of farmers and farm workers, Patrick H. Mooney and Theo J. Majka highlight the drama of certain events and the courage and charisma of the individuals who have participated in these movements. The section on farmer movements begins with a look at the violent farmer protests from the colonial period up to the Civil War and then moves on to farmer alliances with labor that were common between 1860 and the farm depression of the ...
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Overview

In this comprehensive overview of the fascinating and rich history of the struggles of farmers and farm workers, Patrick H. Mooney and Theo J. Majka highlight the drama of certain events and the courage and charisma of the individuals who have participated in these movements. The section on farmer movements begins with a look at the violent farmer protests from the colonial period up to the Civil War and then moves on to farmer alliances with labor that were common between 1860 and the farm depression of the 1920s; the institutionalization of the cooperative movement of the early twentieth century; the creation of the Farm Bureau and its consequences for farmers; the cooperatives' initiation of lobbying to combat the power of agribusiness in Washington; the emergence of the National Farmers' Organization as a protest and collective bargaining movement in the 1950s and 1960s; the American Agriculture Movement's campaigns for a "farm strike" and production control in the late 1970s and the 1980s; and the new agrarian social movements emerging from the farm crisis of the 1980s. The section on farm worker movements looks mainly at the agribusiness economy of California, beginning with farm worker mobilization in the depression era and the emergence of such prominent unions as the Cannery and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union and the United Cannery, Agricultural, Packing, and Allied Workers of America. The authors extensively examine the United Farm Workers (UFW) activism that began in 1965 under the late Cesar Chavez and culminated in 1975 with the passage of the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act. The achievements of the Farm Labor Organizing Committee in Ohio and Michigan during the 1980s and early 1990s is also compared with the relative failures of the UFW during that same time period, and the authors pay particular attention to the "control issues" that have been crucial among farm worker demands. Mooney and Majka illustrate key concepts and issue
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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Mooney (sociology, Univ. of Kentucky) and Majka (sociology, Univ. of Dayton) present a comprehensive account of organized efforts by farmers to strengthen their economic condition and by farm workers acting collectively to achieve more stable and productive employment. Taken into account are the way in which similarities in social class and ideology provided historical continuity to these movements. However, the detailed chapters on these developments-from Colonial times for farmers' movements and from the early years of this century for farm workers' efforts-are clotted with repetitive and convoluted writing and excessive detail that often obscure the argument. Suitable for academic libraries with agricultural and labor collections.-Harry Frumerman, formerly with Hunter Coll., CUNY
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
1 The Colonial Period to the Civil War 3
2 Response to Monopoly Capitalism, 1860-1900 30
3 Prosperity and Depression, 1900-1939 51
4 After World War II 90
5 The Depression Era 123
6 The United Farm Workers Era 150
7 Unionism during the 1980s and Early 1990s 184
Conclusion 217
Postscript 231
Notes 235
Works Cited 239
Index 251
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