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The impact of absent fathers on sons in the black community has been a subject for cultural critics and sociologists who often deal in anonymous data. Yet many of those sons have themselves addressed the issue in autobiographical works that form the core of African American literature.
A Fatherless Child examines the impact of fatherlessness on racial and gender identity formation as seen in black men’s autobiographies and in other constructions of black fatherhood in fiction. Through these works, Tara T. Green investigates what comes of abandonment by a father and loss of a role model by probing a son’s understanding of his father’s struggles to define himself and the role of community in forming the son’s quest for self-definition in his father’s absence.
Closely examining four works—Langston Hughes’s The Big Sea, Richard Wright’s Black Boy, Malcolm X’s The Autobiography of Malcolm X, and Barack Obama’s Dreams from My Father—Green portrays the intersecting experiences of generations of black men during the twentieth century both before and after the Civil Rights movement. These four men recall feeling the pressure and responsibility of caring for their mothers, resisting public displays of care, and desiring a loving, noncontentious relationship with their fathers. Feeling vulnerable to forces they may have identified as detrimental to their status as black men, they use autobiography as a tool for healing, a way to confront that vulnerability and to claim a lost power associated with their lost fathers.
Through her analysis, Green emphasizes the role of community as a father-substitute in producing successful black men, the impact of fatherlessness on self-perceptions and relationships with women, and black men’s engagement with healing the pain of abandonment. She also looks at why these four men visited Africa to reclaim a cultural history and identity, showing how each developed a clearer understanding of himself as an American man of African descent.
A Fatherless Child conveys important lessons relevant to current debates regarding the status of African American families in the twenty-first century. By showing us four black men of different eras, Green asks readers to consider how much any child can heal from fatherlessness to construct a positive self-image—and shows that, contrary to popular perceptions, fatherlessness need not lead to certain failure.
Introduction Where Are the Black Fathers? 1
Ch. 1 The Meaning of Langston Hughes's Father-and-Son Relationships 17
Ch. 2 Richard Wright's Fathers and Sons 43
Ch. 3 Malcolm X's Declaration of Independence from His Fathers 75
Ch. 4 Barack Obama's Dreams 103
Ch. 5 The Sons Return to Africa 133
Conclusion: Contemporary African American Fathers and Communities 161
Works Cited 165
A Fatherless Child is a very well put together piece of literature. It is a great book to use in lectures and for educational learning at all levels, a very debatable piece of work for a round table discussion. I attended the book signing at Dillard University and was very impressed and gained a better pespective of the author's writing. After reading "A Fartherless Child" it only confirms that our black men and all African Americans can achieve and be very successful. There are no limits in life except "YOU" Limiting Yourself!!!Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.