Faultlines: Debating the Issues in American Politics / Edition 2

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This brief, debate-style reader engages students in today’s political debates.
In each chapter, two or more readings present opposing perspectives on contemporary political issues. About half of the readings are new, and most address current issues such as immigration policy and income inequality. Headnotes in every chapter put the readings into a broader political context, and each chapter concludes with discussion questions that encourage students to think critically about the readings and the issues they raise.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780393930160
  • Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
  • Publication date: 3/19/2007
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 250
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

David T. Canon is professor of political science at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His teaching and research interests focus on American political institutions, especially Congress, and racial representation. He is the author of Actors, Athletes, and Astronauts: Political Amateurs in the United States Congress; Race, Redistricting, and Representation: The Unintended Consequences of Black Majority Districts (winner of the Richard F. Fenno Prize); The Dysfunctional Congress? (with Kenneth Mayer); and various articles and book chapters. He served a term as the Congress editor of Legislative Studies Quarterly. He is an AP consultant and has taught in the University of Wisconsin AP Summer Institute for U.S. Government and Politics since 1997. Professor Canon is the recipient of a University of Wisconsin Chancellor's Distinguished Teaching Award.

John J. Coleman is professor of political science at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His teaching and research interests are in the evolution of the American state and the relationship between changes in the political economy of the United States and its party structure.

Kenneth R. Mayer is professor of political science at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His teaching and research interests focus on American political institutions, especially Congress, the Presidency, and defense policy.

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Table of Contents

1 Political Culture: What Does It Mean to Be an American? 1

What Does It Mean to Be an American? Sarah Song 3

What Does It Mean to Be an American? Steven M. Warshawsky 9

The Three Political Cultures Daniel J. Elazar 14

2 Constructing the Government: Should the Constitution Be Fundamentally Changed? 27

The Ratification Referendum: Sending the Constitution to a New Convention for Repair Sanford Levinson 29

We Eric Lane Michael Oreskes 39

3 Federalism: Nullifying Health Care Reform 55

States of Anarchy: America's Long, Sordid Affair with Nullification Sean Wilentz 57

Arizona House Concurrent Resolution 2014: A Concurrent Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of Arizona; Relating to Health Care Services 61

Can the States Nullify Health Care Reform? Timothy S. Jost 63

The Health Care Freedom Act: Questions & Answers 66

4 Civil Liberties: Corporate and Labor Spending in Campaigns and the First Amendment 72

The Decision That Threatens Democracy Ronald Dworkin 73

Citizens United We Stand Bradley A. Smith 82

5 Congress: Pork-Barrel Politics 88

Corporate Welfare and Earmarks, from Cato Handbook for Policymakers 89

Inhofe: Earmarks Are Good for Us Brian Friel 94

Earmarks Are a Model, Not a Menace Jonathan Rauch 98

6 The Presidency: Is Obama a Transformational President? 103

The Honeymooners David Greenberg 105

Change Won't Come Easy Katrina Vanden Heuvel Robert L. Borosage 112

An Exceptional Debate Richard Lowry Ramesh Ponnuru 120

7 Bureaucracy: Policy "Czars" and Presidential Control of the Bureaucracy 131

Presidential Use of White House "Czars" James P. Pfiffner 133

Examining the History and Legality of Executive Branch Czars Matthew Spalding 139

Czar Wars Will Englund 146

8 The Federal Judiciary: Interpreting the Constitution-Originalism or a Living Constitution? 154

Common-Law Courts in a Civil-Law System: The Role of the United States Federal Courts in Interpreting the Constitution and Laws Antonin Scalia 156

Our Democratic Constitution Stephen Breyer 164

9 The Mass Media: The Future of Political Journalism 178

Future of Journalism Tom Price 180

Goodbye to the Age of Newspapers (Hello to a New Era of Corruption) Paul Starr 189

How to Save the News James Fallows 198

10 Elections and Voting: Voter Identification 211

The Historical Context of Voter Photo-ID Laws Chandler Davidson 211

Requiring Identification by Voters Hans Von Spakovsky 219

Is There a Middle Ground in the Voter ID Debate? Edward B. Foley 225

11 Political Parties: Red America versus Blue America-Are We Polarized? 229

What Culture Wars? Debunking the Myth of a Polarized America Morris P. Fiorina 231

How Divided Are We?-and Morris P. Fiorina's Letter in Response to Wilson James Q. Wilson 235

Tea Minus Zero John B. Judis 249

12 Groups and Interests: Was Madison Right? 258

The Alleged Mischiefs of Faction, from The Governmental Process David B. Truman 261

The Scope and Bias of the Pressure System, from The Semisovereign People E. E. Schattschneider 269

The Hyperpluralism Trap Jonathan Rauch 274

13 Politics and Policy: How Should We Address Global Warming? 283

Climate Change Bill McKibben 285

Mr. Gore, Your Solution to Global Warming Is Wrong Bjørn Lomborg 291

14 Government and the Economy: Bailing Out Wall Street 301

Wall Street's Bailout Hustle Matt Taibbi 303

Written Testimony before the Congressional Oversight Panel Timothy F. Geithner 314

15 Government and Society: Health Care Reform 324

Address to Congress on Health Care Reform Barack Obama 326

Grading Health Reform: Experts Assess Whether the Bill Delivers on Its Promises Marilyn Werber Serafini 334

Repeal: Why and How Obamacare Must Be Undone Yuval Levin 341

16 Foreign Policy: The National Security Strategy of the United States 352

The National Security Strategy of the United States George W. Bush 353

The National Security Strategy of the United States Barack Obama 357

Acknowledgments 367

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