Favela: Four Decades of Living on the Edge in Rio de Janeiro

Favela: Four Decades of Living on the Edge in Rio de Janeiro

by Janice Perlman
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195368363

ISBN-13: 9780195368369

Pub. Date: 06/10/2010

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

"Perlman has produced an excellent, exhaustive study of life in the 1,020 favelas [of] Rio de Janeiro.... Her measured approach is all the more compelling because as she investigates the deprivation and danger faced by favela dwellers---19% of the city's population---she also conveys a deep understanding that favelas are not merely despair-filled slums but

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"Perlman has produced an excellent, exhaustive study of life in the 1,020 favelas [of] Rio de Janeiro.... Her measured approach is all the more compelling because as she investigates the deprivation and danger faced by favela dwellers---19% of the city's population---she also conveys a deep understanding that favelas are not merely despair-filled slums but communities." Publishers Weekly (starred review)" "Janice Perlman is one of the leading researchers on urban marginality, and Favela is an exceptional analysis of the evolution of several originally informal settlements over four decades. I highly recommend it as reading for students, urban practitioners, and policy makers." Manuel Castells, author of The Information Age Trilogy" "Janice Perlman has written a moving account of her experience over four decades studying, living, and working in three of Rio's favelas. This work will appeal to academics---it is full of fine analytical work---as well as to the reader who is concerned with understanding poverty and social justice and how millions in Brazil are trapped by their environment, lack of education, and now by crime and violence. While the location of this work is Rio, the lessons and challenges of poverty in big cities is of importance to us all, as the world moves to 2050 when 75% of the population will be in urban areas." James D. Wolfensohn, Former President, The World Bank" "A Billion People, almost half of all city dwellers in the developing world, live in squatter settlements. The most famous of these settlements are the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, which have existed for over a century and continue to outpace the rest of the city in growth." "Janice Perlman's award-winning The Myth of Marginality was the first in-depth account of life in the favelas, and it is considered one of the most important books in global urban studies in the last 40 years. Now, in Favela, Perlman carries that story forward to the present. Re-interviewing many longtime favela residents whom she had first met in 1969---as well as their children and grandchildren---Perlman offers the only long-term perspective available on the favela families as they struggle for a better life. Perlman discovers that much has changed in four decades, but while educational levels have risen, democracy has replaced dictatorship, and material conditions have improved, many residents feel more marginalized than ever. The greatest change is the explosion of drug and arms trade and the high incidence of fatal violence that has resulted. Almost one in five people report that a member of their family has been a victim of homicide. Yet the highest priority for the residents is jobs. Above all they want a chance to do decent work for decent pay. If unemployment and underemployment are not addressed, Perlman argues, all other efforts---from housing to public security to community upgrading---will fail to resolve the fundamental issues." A revealing study of the giant squatter settlements of Rio de Janeiro and of the vibrant communities of migrants who have risked everything to come to the city to provide more opportunities for their children, Favela offers a powerful look at one of the great challenges facing the modern world.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195368369
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
06/10/2010
Pages:
448
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword President Fernando Henrique Cardoso Cardoso, President Fernando Henrique

Preface

Acknowledgments

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 Deep Roots in Shallow Soil 24

Chapter 2 The World Goes to the City 41

Chapter 3 Catacumba: The Favela That Was 62

Chapter 4 Nova Brasilia: From Favela to Complexo 93

Chapter 5 Duque de Caxias: Favelas and Loteamentos 121

Chapter 6 Marginality from Myth to Reality 147

Chapter 7 Violence, Fear, and Loss 165

Chapter 8 Disillusion with Democracy 200

Chapter 9 The Mystery of Mobility 220

Chapter 10 Globalization and the Grassroots 246

Chapter 11 Reflections on Public Policy 264

Chapter 12 The Importance of Being Gente 316

Appendix 1 Research Methods and Challenges 341

Appendix 2 Analytical Framework for Assessing Success 355

Notes 361

References 385

Index 399

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