FDR, the Vatican, and the Roman Catholic Church in America, 1933-1945

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Overview

From the multiplicity of Catholic responses to the New Deal, through FDR's diplomatic relationship with the Vatican during World War II, and on to the response of the United States and the Vatican to the Holocaust, this book expands our understanding of a largely unexplored aspect of FDR's presidency. These essays engage a complex blend of religion and politics, with the added ingredients of economics and war. This diverse, insightful collection promises an intellectual feast for those with an interest in the complicated political and social dynamics of America during the Roosevelt era.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Taken as a set, these stimulating essays shed new light upon the complex relationships between Franklin Roosevelt and the American Catholic community during the New Deal and between the United States and the Vatican during World War II. The book covers a remarkable range of personalities, issues and controversies and is especially insightful in exploring the multifaceted wartime diplomacy between Pius XII and the Roosevelt administration. These essays avoid polemics and deepen genuine historical understanding of an important subject." —Rev. Wilson D. Miscamble, C.S.C. Associate Professor of History, University of Notre Dame

"David Woolner and Richard Kurial have put together by far the most
stimulating and readable account of the remarkable relationship between
Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Catholic hierarchy. A patrician Protestant
president, FDR, as this book shows in rich and lively detail, appealed to
Catholic Americans to sustain him and defied critical Protestant opinion by
naming the first U.S. ambassador to the Vatican." —William E. Leuchtenburg, Author of The FDR Years and of In the Shadow of FDR: from Harry Truman to George W. Bush

"This collection of papers is a useful volume, providing information, insight, and references and questions for further research for the scholar as well as for the interested reader."—James F. Garneau, The Catholic Historical Review

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781403961686
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Publication date: 9/13/2003
  • Series: The World of the Roosevelts Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Pages: 295
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Meet the Author

David B. Woolner is Executive Director, Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute and Assistant Professor of History, Marist College.

Richard G. Kurial is Dean of Arts and Associate Professor of History, University of Prince Edward Island, Canada.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Foreword
Pt. 1 Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Catholics 1
1 Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Protestant Patrician in a Catholic Party 3
2 Roosevelt and the American Catholic Hierarchy 11
Pt. 2 Catholic Friends/Catholic Foes: The New Deal and American Catholicism 45
3 John A. Ryan, the New Deal, and Catholic Understanding of a Culture of Abundance 47
4 Al and Frank: The Great Smith-Roosevelt Feud 55
5 California Catholics and the Gubernatorial Election of 1934 67
6 The Practical Personalism of the Catholic Worker and the Pragmatic Policies of the New Deal 93
7 Father Francis E. Lucey and President Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Neo-Scholastic Legal Scholar's Ambivalent Reaction to the New Deal 105
8 Religious Liberty in American Foreign Policy, 1933-41: Aspects of Public Argument Between FDR and American Roman Catholics 121
Pt. 3 Searching for a New World Order: FDR, the Vatican, and World War II 141
9 Pope Pius XII and the Myron Taylor Mission: The Vatican and American Wartime Diplomacy 143
10 Catholics, Jews, and the Bombardment of Rome: The Priorities of Pius XII During World War II 153
11 Toward the Reconstitution of Christian Europe: The War Aims of the Papacy, 1938-45 163
12 Diplomacy's Detractors: American Protestant Reaction to FDR's "Personal Representative" at the Vatican 179
13 The Department of State and the Apostolic Delegation in Washington during World War II 209
14 A Few Bits of Information: American Intelligence and the Vatican, 1939-45 253
15 A Peculiar Brand of Patriotism: The Holy See, FDR, and the Case of Reverend Charles E. Coughlin 269
Pt. 4 Reflections on the Shoah 279
16 The Purpose of the Document, We Remember: A Reflection on the Shoah 281
List of Contributors 287
Index 289
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