Federalism and the Market: Intergovernmental Conflict and Economic Reform in the Developing Worldby Erik Wibbels
Pub. Date: 07/19/2012
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book, first published in 2005, develops a comparative model of intergovernmental bargaining to account for variation in the capacity of federations in the developing world to undertake economic policy reform, suggesting that many market reform policies are a function of a constant process of bargaining between national and regional leaders struggling for political survival. As the degree of national-regional disagreement mounts, collective action on reforms that require implementation at multiple levels of government becomes more difficult. The degree to which the two factors conflict depends on four factors: the individual electoral interests, a shared intergovernmental fiscal system, the manner in which regional interests are represented in national policy making and the levers of partisan influence national leaders have over subnational politicians. In testing the argument with a combination of cross-sectional time-series and case study analysis, this book contributes to the broad literatures on development and the comparative political economy of federalism and decentralization.
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Table of Contents1. Intergovernmental bargaining and economic policy in federations; 2. From market-preserving to market-distorting federalism: divergent incentives and economic reform in developing nations; 3. Federalism and the decentralized politics of macroeconomic policy and performance; 4. Testing the argument - macroeconomic reform beyond the federal-unitary distinction; 5. Partisan harmony, vertical accountability, and market transitions - the case of Argentina; 6. Regional competition, fiscal dependence and subnational incentives in the Argentine provinces; 7. The view from below - the politics of public sector reform in three Argentine provinces; 8. Conclusion - comparative federalism, market reform, and future research; References.
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