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Canadians often imagine their country as a multicultural democracy, while a few go further to claim that the country's diversity can be characterized as multinational in its social and institutional make-up. In Federalism, Citizenship, and Quebec, Alain-G. Gagnon and Raffaele Iacovino reveal how this notion has been falsely presented to the populace. Through comprehensive historical, contemporary, and critical accounts, they argue that the country has been the object of an aggressive nationalizing project that contravenes the principles of a 'multinational federation.' Gagnon and Iacovino defend a conception of diverse citizenship for Canada that is truly suitable to a durable and just constitutional association and provide an alternative path for the country based on normative, socio-political, and practical considerations associated with multinational democracy.
Including a detailed account of the main challenges associated with Quebec's place in the federation, Federalism, Citizenship, and Quebec stands apart from other English-language studies on multinational democracy, citizenship, and federalism, and, most notably, multinational democracy in Canada. Gagnon and Iacovino ground their work in both history and theory, offering a truly interdisciplinary approach that will appeal to scholars from fields as diverse as Canadian and Quebec politics, comparative politics, and political and legal theory. The book will contribute to awareness of the need for appreciating diversity in contemporary societies while being a useful addition to English Canadian students in these fields, who often lack exposure to many of the rich debates proceeding in Quebec.
1 Introduction: Exploring Multinationalism
2 Historical Foundations and Evolving Constitutional Orders: The Politics of Contestation in Quebec Multinationalism and Diversity Constitution, Political Community, and Society The First Constitutional Order A Period of Transition: 1960s to 1982
A New Constitutional Order: Patriation in 1982 and the Social Union Framework Agreement Setting the Scene
3 The Federal Principle in Canada: Multifaceted Conceptions of Representation Understanding the Federal Idea Pre-Confederation: The Seeds of a Federal State Competing Federal Visions Conclusion
4 Distinct 'National Models' of Integration: Establishing Contexts of Choice Multiculturalism versus Homogeneous Citizenship
'Interculturalism': Quebec's Model of Cultural Pluralism Canada's Policy of Multiculturalism Concurrent Nation-Building Strategies Citizenship Discourse in Quebec: Societal Culture at Work
5 Citizenship and Democracy: Negotiating Membership The Political Sociology of Citizenship Multinational Democracies Citizenship and Multinationalism in Canada The Road Ahead
6 Contemporary Challenges and the Future of Canada Consolidation of the Present Constitutional Order The High Road Notes Index