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A love for nature and the forest drew Tomas Koontz to develop a keen interest in the workings of public forest management and forest policy. Beyond policy, however, this book is also about the very human issues of federalism, decentralization of control over public lands, citizen participation, and how agency policies, both state and federal, are formulated and exercised.
Federalism in the Forest is the first book to examine and compare public policy performance across both state and national levels, explaining why state agencies excel at economic outputs and profitability, the management of land with state income in mind-while national agencies are stronger in citizen participation and the inarguably important role of environmental protection. Instead of focusing on historical development of federal-state roles or on state officials as affected by national polices, Koontz shows how officials, when given authority, both make and implement policy at the state versus the national level. Although arguments fly about the decentralization of public lands-most often based on ideology-Koontz offers empirical evidence that demonstrates not only that devolution matters, but how.
Part One: Agency Policy Performance in a Federal System1. Does Devolution Matter
2. Comparing Four Forest Pairs
Part Two: Differences in State and National Performance3. State Agency Strengths: Timber, Profits, and Revenue Sharing
4. Federal Agency Strength: Environmental Protection
5. Federal Agency Strength: Citizen Participation in Policy Processes
Part Three: Explaining Bureaucratic Behavior in a Federal System6. Laws and Forest Plans
7. Budget Incentives
8. Beyond Elected Officials
Part Four: Theoretical and Practical Implications9. Explaining Policy Performance Differences
10. Implications for Policy in a Federal System
Appendix A. Methods
Appendix B. Statistical Tests for State and Federal Differences