BN.com Gift Guide

Feedback Ramp Metering in Intelligent Transportation Systems

Overview

Feedback Ramp Metering in Intelligent Transportation Systems is the first book on the topic of using feedback control (also called real-time traffic control or adaptive control by some traffic engineers) in ramp metering. It provides traffic theory fundamentals and then the design of feedback controllers for isolated and coordinated ramp metering problems. Software simulation code in Matlab and Paramics is provided in the book so that the reader can get a hands-on feel for the various algorithms. With a large ...

See more details below
Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2003)
$84.59
BN.com price
(Save 14%)$99.00 List Price
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (7) from $72.19   
  • New (4) from $73.66   
  • Used (3) from $72.19   
Sending request ...

Overview

Feedback Ramp Metering in Intelligent Transportation Systems is the first book on the topic of using feedback control (also called real-time traffic control or adaptive control by some traffic engineers) in ramp metering. It provides traffic theory fundamentals and then the design of feedback controllers for isolated and coordinated ramp metering problems. Software simulation code in Matlab and Paramics is provided in the book so that the reader can get a hands-on feel for the various algorithms. With a large number of examples, illustrations, and original problems, this book is excellent as a textbook or reference book for a senior or graduate level course on the subject, as well as a reference for researchers in related fields.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781461347378
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 12/31/2013
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2003
  • Pages: 333
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.74 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Intelligent Approach to Congestion Problem: Ramp Metering.- 2.1 Local Ramp Metering Control Strategies.- 2.1.1 Demand Capacity Control.- 2.1.2 Upstream Occupancy Control.- 2.1.3 Gap Acceptance Control.- 2.1.4 Closed-Loop Local Control Strategies.- 2.2 System-wide Ramp Control Strategies.- 3. Ramp Metering Implementations in the USA.- 4. Benefits of Ramp Metering.- 5. Problem Description.- 6. Preliminary Considerations for Using Feedback Control for Ramp Metering.- 7. Effect of Ramp Metering.- 8. Feedback Control.- 8.1 Control Design Steps.- 8.2 Ordinary Differential Equations.- 8.3 Difference Equations.- 8.4 Feedback Control Example.- 9. Summary.- 10. Questions.- 11. Problems.- 12. References.- 2 Distributed Ramp Model.- 1. Conservation Equation.- 2. Density Flow Relationship.- 2.1 Greenshield’s Model.- 2.2 Greenberg’s Model.- 2.3 Underwood’s Model.- 2.4 Northwestern University Model.- 2.5 Drew Model.- 2.6 Pipes Munjal Model.- 2.7 Multi Regime Model.- 2.8 Diffusion Models.- 3. Microscopic Traffic Characteristics.- 4. Classification of PDEs.- 5. Existence of Solution.- 5.1 Traffic Problem.- 6. Method of Characteristics to Solve First order PDEs.- 7. Traffic Shock Wave Propagation.- 8. Traffic Measurements.- 8.1 Time Mean Speed.- 8.2 Space Mean Speed.- 8.3 Time Headway.- 8.4 Space Headway.- 8.5 Flow Measurements.- 8.6 Traffic Density Measurements.- 8.7 Occupancy.- 8.8 Distributed Measurements.- 8.9 Moving Observer Method.- 9. Summary.- 10. Exercises.- 11. References.- 3 Distributed Modeling and Problem Formulation.- 1. System.- 2. Control Objective.- 3. Limitations of the Model.- 3.1 Jam Density.- 3.2 Maximum Queue Length.- 3.3 Negative Density.- 3.4 Negative Queue Length.- 3.5 Traffic Jam Time.- 3.6 Projection Dynamics.- 3.6.1 Right Face.- 3.6.2 Left Face.- 3.6.3 Top face.- 3.6.4 Bottom Face.- 4. Summary.- 5. Questions.- 6. Problems.- 7. References.- 4 Simulation Software for Distributed Model.- 1. Basic Model.- 2. Numerical Algorithm.- 3. Matlab Software.- 4. Simulations.- 5. Limitations.- 5.1 Large Queue Length.- 5.2 Negative Queue Length.- 5.3 Negative Traffic Density on Mainline.- 5.4 Higher than Jam Density.- 5.5 Traffic Diffusion.- 6. Summary.- 7. Questions.- 8. Problems.- 9. References.- 5 Feedback Control Design Using the Distributed Model.- 1. Model Summary.- 2. Control Objective.- 3. Feedback Control Law for the Basic Model.- 3.1 Implementation of the Basic Feedback Control Law.- 3.2 Limitations on Achievable Performance.- 3.3 Software Simulation for the Closed-Loop System.- 3.4 Integral Term in Control.- 3.5 Parametric Effect on Simulations.- 4. Summary.- 5. Questions.- 6. Problems.- 7. References.- 6 Feedback Control Design Using the Distributed Model with Diffusion.- 1. Model Summary of the Diffusion Model.- 2.Control Objective.- 3. Feedback Control Law for the Diffusion Model.- 3.1 Implementation of the Basic Feedback Control Law.- 3.2 Control Discretization.- 3.3 Integral Term.- 3.4 Software Simulation for the Closed-Loop System.- 4. Summary.- 5. Questions.- 6. Problems.- 7. References.- 7 Feedback Control Design for the Distributed Model for Mixed Sensitivity.- 1. Summary of the Basic Model.- 2. Control Objective.- 3. Feedback Control Design.- 4. Software.- 5. Simulation Results.- 6. Summary.- 7. Questions.- 8. Problems.- 9. References.- 8 Feedback Control Design for Coordinated Ramps Using Distributed Modeling.- 1. Coordinated Ramp Metering.- 2. Motivation Example for Isolated Ramp Problem.- 2.1 Control Objective.- 2.2 Feedback Control Design.- 2.3 Simulation Program.- 2.4 Simulation Results.- 2.4.1 Basic Control Law on Basic Model.- 2.4.2 Basic Control Law on Diffusion Model.- 2.4.3 Diffusion Control Law on Diffusion Model.- 2.5 of the Control Objective and the Performance of the Controller.- 3. Coordinated Ramp Control.- 3.1 Control Objective.- 3.2 Feedback Control Design.- 4. Coordinated Mixed Sensitivity Feedback Ramp Control.- 4.1 Control Objective.- 4.2 Feedback Control Design.- 5. Summary.- 6. Questions.- 7. Problems.- 8. References.- 9 Feedback Control Design Using the ODE Model.- 1. Mathematical Model.- 2. Control Objective.- 3. Control Design.- 214.- 3.1.1 Comparison with Wattle worth Model.- 3.1.2 Comparison with ALINEA Model.- 217.- 218.- 219.- 220.- 3.3.3 Overall Control.- 4. Software and Simulation Results.- 5. Coordinated Ramp Control in ODE Setting.- 5.1 Dynamics.- 5.2 Control Design.- 228.- 229.- 230.- 232.- 5.2.5 Overall Control.- 5.2.5.1 Decoupled Control.- 5.2.5.2 Coupled Control Laws.- 5.3 Simulation Files.- 5.4 Simulation Results.- 6. Summary.- 7. Questions.- 8. Problems.- 9. References.- 10 Feedback Control Design Using the Finite Difference Model.- 1. Finite Difference Model.- 2. Control Objective.- 3. Control Design.- 3.1 Control Objective.- 3.2 Control Objective.- 3.2.1 Region.- 3.2.2 Region.- 3.3.3 Overall Control.- 4. Coordinated Ramp Control in ODE Setting.- 4.1 Dynamics.- 4.2 Control Design.- 252.- 254.- 255.- 257.- 4.2.5 Overall Control.- 4.2.5.1 Decoupled Control.- 4.2.5.2 Coupled Control Laws.- 4.3 Simulation Files.- 4.4 Simulation Results.- 5. Summary.- 6. Questions.- 7. Problems.- 8. References.- 11 Nonlinear H?Feedback Control Design Using the ODE Model.- 1. Introduction.- 2. System Modeling.- 2.1 Discretized System Dynamics.- 3. Background (Nonlinear FL Control).- 4. Ramp Control Design.- 4.1 Continuous-Time Case.- 4.1.2 Nonlinear FL Solution for Two Cost Functions.- 4.1.2.1 Derivation of the Optimal Control for Ja.- 4.1.2.2 Derivation of the Optimal Control for Jb.- 4.1.2 Discretization of the Resulting System.- 4.2 Discrete-Time Case.- 5. Software and Simulation Results.- 6. Summary.- 7. Questions.- 8. Problems.- 9. References.- 12 Paramics.- 1. Introduction to PARAMICS.- 2. Advantages of PARAMICS Simulation.- 3. PARAMICS Applications and Validation Studies.- 4. PARAMICS Ramp Metering Applications.- 5. Simulation of the Study Network.- 6. Simulation Results.- 7. Conclusions.- 8. Summary.- 9. Questions.- 10. Problems.- 11. References.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)