Feedstock Recycling and Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics / Edition 1

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Overview

Pyrolysis is a recycling technique converting plastic waste into fuels, monomers, or other valuable materials by thermal and catalytic cracking processes. It allows the treatment of mixed, unwashed plastic wastes. For many years research has been carried out on thermally converting waste plastics into useful hydrocarbons liquids such as crude oil and diesel fuel. Recently the technology has matured to the point where commercial plants are now available. Pyrolysis recycling of mixed waste plastics into generator and transportation fuels is seen as the answer for recovering value from unwashed, mixed plastics and achieving their desired diversion from landfill.

This book provides an overview of the science and technology of pyrolysis of waste plastics. It describes the types of plastics that are suitable for pyrolysis recycling, the mechanism of pyrolytic degradation of various plastics, characterization of the pyrolysis products and details of commercially mature pyrolysis technologies. This book also covers co-pyrolysis technology, including: waste plastic/waste oil, waste plastics/coal, and waste plastics/rubber.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"…contains a wealth of information…anyone interested in the field must consult this text." (Journal of Hazardous Materials, August 17, 2007)

"…an invaluable addition to any technical or university library…" (CHOICE, July 2007)

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Product Details

Meet the Author

John Scheirs is a polymer research specialist with broadinterests in polystyrenes and styrenic copolymers.  He is theprincipal consultant with ExcelPlas, a polymer consultingcompany.  John was born in 1965 in Melbourne and studiesapplied chemistry at the University of Melbourne.  He hasworked on projects concerning the fracture, stress cracking,processing, characterization and recycling of styrenicpolymers.  John has authored over 50 scientific papers,including 8 encyclopedia chapters, and a number of books on polymeranalysis and polymer recycling.

Professor Walter Kaminsky studied chemistry at theUniversity of Hamburg. Since 1979 he has been a full professor fortechnical and macromolecular chemistry at the University ofHamburg. He supervises a group of 20 students and scientists in thefield of metallocene/MAO catalysis and a group in the field ofrecycling of plastics and scrap tires by pyrolysis. He wasPresident of the Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker (GDCh), Hamburgsection, Dean of the faculty of chemistry at the University ofHamburg, Director of the Institute for Technical and MacromolecularChemistry, and is a member of the GDCh, DECHEMA, Naturforscher undÄrzte, Verein deutscher Ingenieure, and American ChemicalSociety. He has published more than 200 papers/books and holds 20patents. He has organized several international symposia in thefield of olefin polymerization and pyrolysis of polymer wastes. Heis advisor for authorities and companies in the fields ofmetallocene catalysts, polymerization of olefins, and recycling ofplastics and environmental protection.

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Table of Contents

Contributors.

Series Preface.

Preface.

About the Editors.

I INTRODUCTION.

1 Introduction to Feedstock Recycling of Plastics (A.Buekens).

II CATALYTIC CRACKING.

2 Acid-Catalyzed Cracking of Polyolefins: Primary ReactionMechanisms (Robert L. White).

3 Catalytic Upgrading of Plastic Wastes (J. Aguado, D.P. Serrano and J. M. Escola).

4 Thermal and Catalytic Conversion of Polyolefins(Jerzy Walendziewski).

5 Thermal and Catalytic Degradation of Waste HDPE(Kyong-Hwan Lee).

6 Development of a Process for the Continuous Conversion ofWaste Plastics Mixtures to Fuel (Takao Masuda and TeruokiTago).

7 Catalytic Degradation of Plastic Waste to Fuel overMicroporous Materials (George Manos).

8 Liquefaction of Municipal Waste Plastics over Acidic andNonacidic Catalysts (Jale Yanik and TamerKarayildirim).

9 Kinetic Model of the Chemical and Catalytic Recycling ofWaste Polyethylene into Fuels (Norbert Miskolczi).

III QUALITY OF FUELS.

10 Production of Gaseous and Liquid Fuels by Pyrolysis andGasification of Plastics: Technological Approach (C.Gisèle Jung and André Fontana).

11 Yield and Composition of Gases and Oils/Waxes from theFeedstock Recycling of Waste Plastic (Paul T.Williams).

12 Composition of Liquid Fuels Derived from the Pyrolysisof Plastics (Marianne Blazsó).

13 Production of Premium Oil Products from Waste Plastic byPyrolysis and Hydroprocessing (S.J. Miller, N. Shahand G.P. Huffman).

14 The Conversion of Waste Plastics/Petroleum ResidueMixtures to Transportation Fuels (Mohammad Farhat Ali andMohammad Nahid Siddiqui).

IV REACTOR TYPES.

15 Overview of Commercial Pyrolysis Processes for WastePlastics (John Scheirs).

16 Fluidized Bed Pyrolysis of Plastic Wastes (UmbertoArena and Maria Laura Mastellone).

17 The Hamburg Fluidized-bed Pyrolysis Process to RecyclePolymer Wastes and Tires (Walter Kaminsky).

18 Liquefaction of PVC Mixed Plastics (ThalladaBhaskar and Yusaku Sakata).

19 Liquid Fuel from Plastic Wastes UsingExtrusion–Rotary Kiln Reactors (Sam Behzadi andMohammed Farid).

20 Rotary Kiln Pyrolysis of Polymers ContainingHeteroatoms (Andreas Hornung and Helmut Seifert).

21 Microwave Pyrolysis of Plastic Wastes (C.Ludlow-Palafox and H.A. Chase).

22 Continuous Thermal Process for Cracking Polyolefin Wastesto Produce Hydrocarbons (Jean Dispons).

23 Waste Plastic Pyrolysis in Free-Fall Reactors (AliY. Bilgesü, M. Çetin Koçak, and AliKaraduman).

V MONOMER RECOVERY.

24 Monomer Recovery of Plastic Waste in a Fluidized BedProcess (Walter Kaminsky).

25 Feedstock Recycling of PET (Toshiaki Yoshioka andGuido Grause).

VI ASIAN DEVELOPMENTS.

26 The Liquefaction of Plastic Containers and Packaging inJapan (A. Okuwaki, T. Yoshioka, M. Asai,H. Tachibana, K. Wakai, K. Tada).

27 Process and Equipment for Conversions of Waste Plasticsinto Fuels (Alka Zadgaonkar).

28 Converting Waste Plastics into Liquid Fuel by Pyrolysis:Developments in China (Yuan Xingzhong).

Index.

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