Female Corporate Culture and the New South: Women in Business Between the World Wars

Hardcover (Print)
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Before World War I, Southern women's participation in the workforce consisted of black women's domestic labor and white working-class women's industrial or manufacturing work, but after the war, Southern women flooded business offices as stenographers, typists, clerks, and bookkeepers. This book examines their experiences in the clerical workforce, using both traditional labor sources and exploring the cultural institutions that evolved from these women's work-related milieu.
Businessmen throughout the South molded this workforce to meet their needs using both labor-saving management techniques and exploiting social mores to enforce gender boundaries that limited women's workplace opportunities. This study traces the social and economic implications of Southern women's increased participation in clerical labor after World War I. While it increased the civic activities of white middle-class southern women, it also confined them to a routinized days work and limited venues of occupational achievement. Through a varied network of business women's clubs and organizations, women struggled with their new identities as workers and attempted to integrate their work lives with their community and family obligations.
(Ph.D. dissertation, Emory University, 1995; revised with new Introduction and Preface)
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Tables and Photographs
Ch. 1 Urbanization, Clerical Work, and the Modern Southern Woman 3
Ch. 2 A Manageable Workforce: Scientific Management and Women Workers 21
Ch. 3 What An Office Should Be 47
Ch. 4 Building Civic Bridges: Building Business Consensus 65
Ch. 5 Businesswomen's Idealism: Civicism and the Clerical Worker 99
Ch. 6 Losing Ground 129
Conclusion 157
Bibliography 163
Index 175
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