The Female in Aristotle's Biology: Reason or Rationalization / Edition 2

The Female in Aristotle's Biology: Reason or Rationalization / Edition 2

by Robert Mayhew
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0226512002

ISBN-13: 9780226512006

Pub. Date: 08/28/2004

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

While Aristotle's writings on biology are considered to be among his best, the comments he makes about females in these works are widely regarded as the nadir of his philosophical oeuvre. Among many claims, Aristotle is said to have declared that females contribute nothing substantial to generation; that they have fewer teeth than males; that they are less spirited

Overview

While Aristotle's writings on biology are considered to be among his best, the comments he makes about females in these works are widely regarded as the nadir of his philosophical oeuvre. Among many claims, Aristotle is said to have declared that females contribute nothing substantial to generation; that they have fewer teeth than males; that they are less spirited than males; and that woman are analogous to eunuchs. In The Female in Aristotle's Biology, Robert Mayhew aims not to defend Aristotle's ideas about females but to defend Aristotle against the common charge that his writings on female species were motivated by ideological bias.

Mayhew points out that the tools of modern science and scientific experimentation were not available to the Greeks during Aristotle's time and that, consequently, Aristotle had relied not only on empirical observations when writing about living organisms but also on a fair amount of speculation. Further, he argues that Aristotle's remarks about females in his biological writings did not tend to promote the inferior status of ancient Greek women.

Written with passion and precision, The Female in Aristotle's Biology will be of enormous value to students of philosophy, the history of science, and classical literature.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226512006
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
08/28/2004
Edition description:
1
Pages:
128
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations
1. Aristotle and "Ideology"
2. Entomology
3. Embryology
4. Eunuchs and Women
5. Anatomy
6. The Softer and Less Spirited Sex
7. Aristotle on Females: An Assessment of the Biology
References
Indexes

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