Female Subjects in Black and White: Race, Psychoanalysis, Feminism

Overview

"This brilliant and timely collection takes us far in documenting the complex intrapsychic worlds and intersubjective relations of race, gender, and culture. Questions concerning how race and ethnicity create and refract unconscious fantasy and self-construction must be at the forefront of contemporary psychoanalytic thinking."-Nancy J. Chodorow, author of The Reproduction of Mothering

"Bold. Daring. Provocative. This collection of essays emphatically demonstrates that rhetorical meaning, constituted in the text and the world, evolves from

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Overview

"This brilliant and timely collection takes us far in documenting the complex intrapsychic worlds and intersubjective relations of race, gender, and culture. Questions concerning how race and ethnicity create and refract unconscious fantasy and self-construction must be at the forefront of contemporary psychoanalytic thinking."-Nancy J. Chodorow, author of The Reproduction of Mothering

"Bold. Daring. Provocative. This collection of essays emphatically demonstrates that rhetorical meaning, constituted in the text and the world, evolves from mediations of the psychical and the material, the personal and the social. The critical models displayed so forcefully here will not only influence psychoanalytic and feminist discourses but literary and cultural studies as well."-Claudia Tate, George Washington University

Author Biography: Elizabeth Abel is Associate Professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley; her books include Virginia Woolf and the Fictions of Psychoanalysis. Barbara Christian is Professor of African American Studies at the University of California, Berkeley; her books include Black Feminist Criticism: Perspectives on Black Women Writers. Helene Moglen is Professor of Literature at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and author of Charlotte Brontë: The Self Conceived, and The Anxieties of Indeterminacy: Subjectivity, Sexuality, and the Emergence of the English Novel.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780520206304
  • Publisher: University of California Press
  • Publication date: 5/28/1997
  • Pages: 392
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Meet the Author

Elizabeth Abel is Associate Professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley; her books include Virginia Woolf and the Fictions of Psychoanalysis. Barbara Christian is Professor of African American Studies at the University of California, Berkeley; her books include Black Feminist Criticism: Perspectives on Black Women Writers. Helene Moglen is Professor of Literature at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and author of Charlotte Brontë: The Self Conceived, and The Anxieties of
Indeterminacy: Subjectivity, Sexuality, and the Emergence of the English Novel
.

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Read an Excerpt

Female Subjects in Black and White

Race, Psychoanalysis, Feminism

The University of California Press

ISBN: 0-520-20630-4


Chapter One

This landmark collaboration between African American and white feminists goes to the heart of problems that have troubled feminist thinking for decades. Putting the racial dynamics of feminist interpretation center stage, these essays question such issues as the primacy of sexual difference, the universal nature of psychoanalytic categories, and the role of race in the formation of identity. They offer new ways of approaching African American texts and reframe our thinking about the contexts, discourses, and traditions of the American cultural landscape. Calling for the racialization of whiteness and claiming that psychoanalytic theory should make room for competing discourses of spirituality and diasporic consciousness, these essays give shape to the many stubborn incompatibilities-as well as the transformative possibilities-between white feminist and African American cultural formations. Includes essays by Elizabeth Abel, Katherine Clay Bassard, Judith Butler, Barbara Christian, Ann duCille, Mae G. Henderson, Margaret Homans, Akasha (Gloria) Hull, Barbara Johnson, Tania Modleski, Helene Moglen, Cynthia D. Schrager, Carolyn Martin Shaw, Hortense J. Spillers, Jean Walton, and Laura Wexler.

"The Occult of True Black Womanhood: Critical Demeanor and Black Feminist Studies," by Ann Du Cille

Examines the primitivizingcritical fantasies that motivate and shape white and masculine readings of black women's texts and calls for the "complementary theorizing" of black and white feminists.

"Doing Justice to the Subjects: Mimetic Art in a Multicultural Society: The Work of Anna Deavere Smith," by Tania Modlewski

Modlewski works with Smith to unfix territorializing racial definitions, attempting to reenact, at the level of theory, Smith's performative unsettling of cultural oppositions between Jews and blacks, while also challenging Smith's subordination of gender to race.

"'Racial Composition': Metaphor and the Body in the Writing Race," by Margaret Homans

Examines the gender dimensions of critical debates in the late 1980s between African American feminists and prominent male African American theorists concerning the figurative versus the literal or embodied character of race and joins black feminists who refuse to repudiate the claims of the literal, the body, the female.

"Black Writing, White Reading: Race and the Politics of Feminist Interpretation," by Elizabeth Abel

Examines the desires and fantasies that mark recent white feminist readings of black women's texts and argues that despite their wide range of critical strategies, these readings emerge from a desire to share the cultural authority produced in part by black women's enforced experience of embodiment.

"All the Things You Could Be By Now, If Sigmund Freud's Wife Was Your Mother," by Hortense Spillers

Essay attempts to move the African American "community" from its stable position as an object of social science inquiry to a more uncertain locus as the subject of a psychoanalytic culture criticism.

"Seeing Sentiment: Photography, Race, and the Innocent Eye," by Laura Wexler

Argues that the Lacanian Real offers interpretive leverage by exceeding the endless repetitions of the Imaginary and the social structures of the Symbolic and tries to induce a "rupture of the Real" through author's reading of the sentimental visual rhetoric of a photograph by George Cook of an African American nursemaid holding a white child.

"'Beyond Mortal Vision:' Harriet E. Wilson's Our Nig and the American Racial Dream Text," by Katherine Clay Bassard

Reads Our Nig as an expose of White American culture's repressed relation to American Africanism and as an exploration of the particular challenges and possibilities of cultural production that exist for African Americans who inhabit the cultural shadows of slavery.

"Redeeming History: Toni Morrison's Beloved," by Helene Moglen

Argues that because Sethe, in Morrison's novel, is forced by the violence of slavery to assume the mythic function of the primal mother, the fiction exposes the ways in which apparently timeless modes of psychic functioning are constructed and enacted within history.

"Re-Placing Race in (White) Psychoanalytic Discourse: Founding Narratives of Feminism," by Jean Walton

Shows how the assumptions that have limited the revisionary project of contemporary white feminists also shaped the interpretive work of early women analysts and their patients who ignored the influence of race in the construction of women's gender and sexual identities.

"The Quicksands of the Self: Nella Larsen and Heinz Kohut," by Barbara Johnson

Uses Kohut's theory of narcissism to analyze Larsen's protagonist, Helga, and her own reading of Helga to force a reconsideration of Kohut's self-psychology in the context of considerations of class and race.

"Passing, Queering: Nella Larsen's Psychoanalytic Challenge," by Judith Butler

Argues that in Passing, cultural prohibitions against miscegenation and homosexuality converge in order to produce a normative heterosexuality (with its gender differences) that guarantees the reproduction of racial purity.

"The Stories of O(Dessa): Stories of Complicity and Resistance," by Mae G. Henderson

Explores intertextual connections between Shirley Anne Williams' novel Dessa Rose and two precursor texts: William Styron's Confessions of Nat Turner and Pauline Reage's Story of O. and shows how William's novel reveals, without reproducing, the power dynamics that produce ideologies of desire in the other fictions.

"Pauline Hopkins and William James: The New Psychology and the Politics of Race," by Cynthia Schrager

Examines the ways in which Pauline Hopkins-in Of One Blood-used late-nineteenth-century discourses of the unconscious (particularly the writings of William James) to explore the political situation and complex subjectivity of African Americans in Post-Reconstruction America.

"Channeling the Ancestral Muse: Lucile Clifton and Dolores Kendrick," by Akasha (Gloria) Hull

Considers the ways in which the work and lives of two African American women poets have been shaped by a form of spiritual receptivity that, rooted in African practice and belief, provide significant continuity for the African American community.

"The Poetics of Identity: Questioning Spiritualism in African American Contexts," by Carolyn Martin Shaw

Linking spiritualism and Africanity to identity politics, Shaw examines them all as postmodern phenomena that reflect a need for origin stories and celebrate local knowledges.

"Fixing Methodologies: Beloved," by Barbara Christian

Reads Morrison's novel from the perspective of an African cosmology that affirms the continuity of past and present in the naming and nurturing of embodied spirits and shows how Beloved serves as a "fixing" ceremony: an act of remembrance that initiates the healing of a psychic wound that was originally inflicted by an individual and collective act of forgetting.

(Continues...)



Excerpted from Female Subjects in Black and White Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: The Dream of a Common Language 1
The Occult of True Black Womanhood: Critical Demeanor and Black Feminist Studies 21
Doing Justice to the Subjects: Mimetic Art in a Multicultural Society: The Work of Anna Deavere Smith 57
"Racial Composition": Metaphor and the Body in the Writing of Race 77
Black Writing, White Reading: Race and the Politics of Feminist Interpretation 102
"All the Things You Could Be by Now, If Sigmund Freud's Wife Was Your Mother": Psychoanalysis and Race 135
Seeing Sentiment: Photography, Race, and the Innocent Eye 159
"Beyond Mortal Vision": Harriet E. Wilson's Our Nig and the American Racial Dream-Text 187
Redeeming History: Toni Morrison's Beloved 201
Re-Placing Race in (White) Psychoanalytic Discourse: Founding Narratives of Feminism 223
The Quicksands of the Self: Nella Larsen and Heinz Kohut 252
Passing, Queering: Nella Larsen's Psychoanalytic Challenge 266
The Stories of O (Dessa): Stories of Complicity and Resistance 285
Pauline Hopkins and William James: The New Psychology and the Politics of Race 307
Channeling the Ancestral Muse: Lucille Clifton and Dolores Kendrick 330
The Poetics of Identity: Questioning Spiritualism in African American Contexts 349
Fixing Methodologies: Beloved 363
Notes on Contributors 371
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