Fertility, Class and Gender in Britain, 1860-1940

Fertility, Class and Gender in Britain, 1860-1940

by Simon Szreter
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521343437

ISBN-13: 9780521343435

Pub. Date: 01/11/1996

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Fertility, class and gender in Britain, 1860-1940 offers an original interpretation of the history of falling fertilities. It integrates the approaches of the social sciences and of demographic, gender and labour history with intellectual, social and political history. Dr Szreter excavates the history and exposes the statistical inadequacy of the long-standing…  See more details below

Overview

Fertility, class and gender in Britain, 1860-1940 offers an original interpretation of the history of falling fertilities. It integrates the approaches of the social sciences and of demographic, gender and labour history with intellectual, social and political history. Dr Szreter excavates the history and exposes the statistical inadequacy of the long-standing orthodoxy of a national, unitary class-differential fertility decline. A new analysis of the famous 1911 fertility census presents evidence for over 200 occupational categories, showing many diverse fertility regimes, differentiated by distinctively gendered labour markets and changing family roles. Surprising and important findings emerge: births were spaced from early in marriage; sexual abstinence by married couples was far more significant than previously imagined. A new general approach to the study of fertility change is proposed; also a new conception of the relationship between class, community and fertility change; and a new evaluation of the positive role of feminism. Fertility, class and gender continually raises central issues concerning the relationship between history and social science.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521343435
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
01/11/1996
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time Series, #27
Pages:
726
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.73(d)

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
Introduction1
1The construction and the study of the fertility decline in Britain: social science and history9
2Social classification of occupations and the GRO in the nineteenth century76
3Social classification and nineteenth-century naturalistic social science129
4The emergence of a social explanation of class inequalities among environmentalists, 1901-1904182
5The emergence of the professional model as the official system of social classification, 1905-1928238
6A test of the coherence of the professional model of class-differential fertility decline283
7Multiple fertility declines in Britain: occupational variation in completed fertility and nuptiality310
8How was fertility controlled? The spacing versus stopping debate and the culture of abstinence367
9A general approach to fertility change and the history of falling fertilities in England and Wales443
10Social class, communities, gender and nationalism in the study of fertility change533
Appendices603
A Copy of 1911 census household schedule604
B Copy of sample pages from 1911 census Fertility of Marriage Report, Part 2, Tables 30 and 35 (respectively, the tabulations for incomplete and completed fertility for male occupations)606
C Male occupations rank ordered by completed fertility index, AM2/81-5608
D Male occupations: Industrial Orders and employment status variables614
E Male occupations rank ordered by incomplete fertility index, AM2/01-5620
F Male occupations rank ordered by AM25PC20 (the extent to which older-marrying couples restrict fertility more than younger-marrying couples)626
G Female occupations rank ordered by incomplete fertility index, AM2/01-5632
H Estimate of the scale of effect of differing infant mortality levels on reported fertility after 7.5 years of marriage634
Bibliography636
Index675

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