Festivals of Freedom: Memory and Meaning in African American Emancipation Celebrations, 1808-1915

Festivals of Freedom: Memory and Meaning in African American Emancipation Celebrations, 1808-1915

by Mitch Kachun
     
 

ISBN-10: 1558495282

ISBN-13: 9781558495289

Pub. Date: 03/01/2006

Publisher: University of Massachusetts Press

With the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade in 1808, many African Americans began calling for "a day of publick thanksgiving" to commemorate this important step toward freedom. During the ensuing century, black leaders built on this foundation and constructed a distinctive and vibrant tradition through their celebrations of the end of slavery in New York

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Overview

With the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade in 1808, many African Americans began calling for "a day of publick thanksgiving" to commemorate this important step toward freedom. During the ensuing century, black leaders built on this foundation and constructed a distinctive and vibrant tradition through their celebrations of the end of slavery in New York State, the British West Indies, and eventually the United States as a whole. In this revealing study, Mitch Kachun explores the multiple functions and contested meanings surrounding African American emancipation celebrations from the abolition of the slave trade to the fiftieth anniversary of U.S. emancipation.

Excluded from July Fourth and other American nationalist rituals for most of this period, black activists used these festivals of freedom to encourage community building and race uplift. Kachun demonstrates that, even as these annual rituals helped define African Americans as a people by fostering a sense of shared history, heritage, and identity, they were also sites of ambiguity and conflict. Freedom celebrations served as occasions for debate over black representations in the public sphere, struggles for group leadership, and contests over collective memory and its meaning.

Based on extensive research in African American newspapers and oration texts, this book retraces a vital if often overlooked tradition in African American political culture and addresses important issues about black participation in the public sphere. By illuminating the origins of black Americans' public commemorations, it also helps explain why there have been increasing calls in recent years to make the "Juneteenth" observance of emancipation an American -- not just an African American -- day of commemoration.

University of Massachusetts Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781558495289
Publisher:
University of Massachusetts Press
Publication date:
03/01/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
360
Sales rank:
1,092,350
Product dimensions:
5.60(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction1
1"A day of publick thanksgiving": Foundations, 1808-183416
2"A borrowed day of Jubilee": Maturation, 1834-186254
3"An American celebration": Expansion and Fragmentation, 1862-1870s97
4"Let children's children never forget": Remembrance and Amnesia, 1870s-1910s147
5"Lessons of Emancipation for a New Generation": Reorientation, 1860s-1900s175
6"A great occasion for display": Contestation in Washington, D.C., 1860s-1900s207
7"The faith that the dark past has taught us": Dissolution, 1900-1920233
Notes261
Bibliography303
Index327

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