Uh-oh, it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of date.

For a better shopping experience, please upgrade now.

Final Approach

Final Approach

3.8 8
by John J. Nance

See All Formats & Editions

The airline told passengers flying to Kansas City the skies were safe. They lied. On a rain-slashed night, Flight 255 crashes at Kansas City Airport -- triggering one of the most horrifying aviation disasters of the decade. Put simply, it never should have happened. Safety Board investigator Joe Wallingford races to


The airline told passengers flying to Kansas City the skies were safe. They lied. On a rain-slashed night, Flight 255 crashes at Kansas City Airport -- triggering one of the most horrifying aviation disasters of the decade. Put simply, it never should have happened. Safety Board investigator Joe Wallingford races to find out why it did.

From the Paperback edition.

Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
An airliner attempting a bad-weather landing in a Midwest city plows into another awaiting takeoff. With more than 100 people dead, the National Transportation Safety Board assigns Joe Wallingford to investigate. Was the disaster caused by human error or by technical malfunction? Did outside electronic interference, perhaps from a top-secret SDI radar, disrupt flight controls? Nance, a leading airline safety analyst and author of nonfiction works on aviation, debuts as a novelist with a first-rate technical detective story. While keeping readers in suspense, he explores the dynamics of factions within the safety bureaucracy and limns the problems raised for airline management by deregulation. With realistic dialogue and convincing characters, particularly Wallingford and Senator Kell Martinson, this nonmilitary techno-thriller is a sure winner. (Sept.)
School Library Journal
YA-- Joe Wallingford, National Transportation Safety Board investigator, perseveres through many obstacles to determine why two planes collided, killing most of the crew and passengers. Although there are twists and turns in the plot, it is not as complicated as many other books of this type. Nance's knowledge of Washington comes through clearly both in the physical description of places and in the political frustrations: cover-ups, relationship of private industry to independent agencies, Defense Department silence, individuals' quests for power, and the need for influential friends. Government students will see the detailed operation of one government agency as they come to know one stubborn, qualified civil servant who cares about his job. The only disappointment is the ending, which, while optimistic, is not realistic. --Claudia Moore, W. T. Woodson High School, Fairfax, VA

Product Details

Crown Publishing Group
Publication date:

Read an Excerpt

Final Approach

By John J. Nance


Copyright © 1990 by John J. Nance
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-1-5040-2791-5


Friday, October 12

A lightning flash blinded Dr. Mark Weiss momentarily through the rain-smeared windshield, illuminating his wife Kimberly in the passenger seat of the family's station wagon as she turned in his direction. A rumble of thunder followed in rapid succession.

"Honey, we don't have a choice. Dad may not ..." Kim stopped, choking on the recognition that her father's heart attack several hours before on a Dallas golf course had left him at death's door.

"I know, but I still wish we could wait. This is a lousy night to be traveling anywhere." Mark found her hand and squeezed it gently.

For nearly an hour the nighttime thunderstorm had whipped the Missouri countryside, swelling the streams and threatening to block their path to Kansas City's International Airport, a delay they couldn't afford: the last flight to Dallas was already preparing for departure.

Mark felt the gusting winds competing with him for control as he maneuvered along the crown of the rain-slicked rural road, his concentration divided by the nagging worry over the last-minute reservations he'd made on Flight 170 for Kim and the boys. He hated the thought of them flying alone. They always seemed so vulnerable.

Kim squeezed his hand in return, a flicker of a smile crossing her face. She knew he had to stay for his Saturday meeting.

Mark was very good at helping others overcome all sorts of fears and phobias in his practice as a clinical psychologist, yet Kim knew how quickly he turned into a basket case of anxiety when his family flew anywhere without him. Working with airline people had made it worse. For two years he had treated the traumatized employees of a major East Coast airline sliding toward bankruptcy. Kim knew the plight of those people was on his mind. Tomorrow's meeting was an attempt to renew the foundation grant which had kept the program going.

"I should be able to join you in Dallas tomorrow by six," he said simply.

Kim studied her husband of seven years as she reached into the backseat to collar six-year-old Aaron, who had hit the breaking point listening to the marathon wailing of his four-year-old brother.

"Mom! Greg won't shut up!"

"Both of you quiet down! I mean it!" Kim commanded. Greg was reacting to the tension in the air. So was Aaron, for that matter, but he was handling it differently — firing a steady barrage of questions at his father and waving his favorite toy, a plastic jet fighter, a replica of the F-15, on which Mark had stenciled the name Aaron had given it: "Millennium Falcon."

"That's the airport, right Daddy?" Aaron strained at his seat-belt, waiting for an answer, a wide-eyed look of excitement on his face.

In the distance, sodium-vapor lights were bathing Kansas City International with an orange glow, barely visible now between the urgent swipes of the windshield wipers as they fought a pitched battle against a sea of rain. In the foreground, Mark could almost make out the ghostly apparition of virga — hanging wisps of rain showers on rapidly descending columns of moisture-laden air — an indicator of violent downdrafts.

"Daddy?" Aaron was demanding an answer.

"Yes, Son, that's the airport," he managed, turning to Kim. "What was the departure time again?"


"And it's now ...?"


"I don't know if we'll make it or not," he said, "but we'll sure try." Mark pressed the accelerator down a bit harder as another burst of lightning caught the distant outline of a TWA maintenance hangar, the distinctive aroma of fresh rain filling the car.

Beneath Gate 12 in the North America Airlines terminal, in an operations area never seen by passengers, Captain Pete Kaminsky stood in front of the pilots' bulletin board, shaking his head in resigned exasperation.

"Not again!" he said to no one in particular, unaware a fellow captain had stopped to peruse the same piece of paper that had caught his eye.

"You talking about the latest memo?"

Pete turned in the direction of the question, somewhat startled. The man's face was unfamiliar. "Yes, I was."

"More of the same. Now we're supposed to report, in writing no less, if we dare overrule maintenance and refuse to fly a broken airplane. In other words, you suckers fly anything maintenance says to fly, or we'll make your lives miserable."

Pete looked closely at his counterpart, startled by the sneer on the man's face as he continued, tapping the memo angrily with his uniform cap. "Look at this phrase. Anyone who ends each note to us with bullshit like —'compliance is mandatory and failure to comply will be met with severe disciplinary action, up to and including termination' is not fit to lead professionals in any field. I've had it with their threats."

Pete looked closely at the offensive phrase, startled he had overlooked it before. "I ... guess I'm so used to seeing those words, I didn't even notice them this time."

"Everything we get from this goddamn company has that phrase in it." The man put on his captain's hat as he turned and scooped up his rectangular flight bag, opening the door to the hallway before hesitating and glancing back at Kaminsky, whose name he did not know. "You headed out?"

"Yeah," Pete answered. "You just come in?"

"Yep. Goin' home after four days on the road. Watch it out there, it's pretty bumpy. Thunderstorm cells were showing up on our radar in all directions."

"That's encouraging," Pete replied with a friendly snort, noticing a smile cross the other captain's face as he held the door with his shoulder and gave Pete a small wave with his free hand.

"Have a good one."


Pete turned and moved farther into the crew room, feeling suddenly tired and depressed as he headed for the stack of pilot mailboxes lining one wall, pawing through the memos and technical revisions in his pigeonhole. He had fought hard to become an airline captain, and the position meant the world to him. At the age of forty-eight, his captaincy marked the apex of his professional accomplishments. He was proud of his four stripes — he loved his job — but he couldn't deny something was missing.

The crew room itself was depressing — heavily worn easy chairs and a stained rug allegedly designed by Halston. It had belonged to Braniff before their first bankruptcy in 1982, typically opulent with oak paneling, leather seats, South American tapestries on the walls, and even a huge console color television, long since broken. Now it was North America's, and therefore neglected. There was no money to be spent on flight crews in the midst of the competitive wars spawned by airline deregulation, so what had been a showplace was now a dowdy dump. Even the various hanging TV monitors displaying arriving and departing flights were in bad repair, their images dim and flickering.

"Hey Pete, what're you flying tonight?"

A fellow captain's voice wafted across the room, a pilot Pete had roomed with years ago in Minneapolis when they were both fresh out of the Air Force and making the grand total of four hundred dollars a month — barely paying for food, yet ecstatic to be airline pilots for North America. Those had been happy days.

"The infamous Flight 170 sequence. The Dallas Everywhere," Pete shot back, a broad smile on his face. "Tonight the milk run to DFW through at least a couple of tornadoes, tomorrow the New York death march through Memphis, Nashville, Washington, and points north. But neither rain nor sleet nor snow nor dark of night shall stay this carrier from its appointed rounds."

"Nor lack of airworthiness, apparently." His friend pointed to another posted copy of the memo, and Pete nodded without comment as he moved on toward the sitting area and the closed glass partition which lined the wall at the far end of the room, separating the operations men from the pilots. His first officer/copilot, Jean Simonson, had already left to begin her walk-around inspection of the Boeing 737 they would be flying to Dallas. His job was to sign the flight plan, review the weather, and then go fly. The flying part he still loved. The rite of passage through the crew room at the beginning of each trip, however, had become a trek through a swamp of lousy attitudes, diminishing outlooks, possible furloughs, base closures, and relocations, and letters about red ink — oceans of red ink — as North America hemorrhaged money. The fact was, his airline was in serious trouble, fighting competition from new-entry airlines by slashing operational budgets, fares, and personnel. It was depressing — almost as depressing as trying to talk to the glowering, overweight, angry operations agent, Mike Balzer, who was looking disgustedly at him from the other side of the operations desk.

"Awright, Captain, here's the packet."

Pete looked the man in the eye, noting the hatred there, and wondered how long it had taken old Balzer to come to loathe everyone on the pilot side of the window. Balzer's attitude was legend among North America's crews. He seemed to hate everyone.

The agent reinserted his cigar and backed up, sliding the glass partition closed with a perfunctory bang as another drumroll of thunder shuddered through the crew room. Pete Kaminsky sighed and buttoned his impressive blue coat with the four gold stripes on each sleeve as he put on his hat with the "scrambled eggs" of gold braid on the bill. With long-practiced familiarity he checked the gate number of his flight on the TV monitor one last time, picked up his rectangular "brain bag" map case, and pushed open the heavy door to the rain-swept ramp beyond.

"Where are you sitting, Daddy?" Aaron Weiss watched his father's face for the answer as Mark tightened the seatbelt around his son in the left window seat of row 12.

"I'm not, Aaron. I'm staying here until tomorrow. Remember?"

"Oh yeah. Will Uncle Bill be in Dallas?"

Kimberly Weiss settled into 12B next to their older son while Mark wrestled her carry-on bag into the crowded overhead compartment. They had been among the last to board.

"Yes, Aaron, Uncle Bill will be there to meet us. Greg, sit down."

The four-year-old rubbed his eyes and hugged his mother from the edge of seat 12C as she looked up at his worried father, who had leaned down to kiss them good-bye.

"We'll be okay, Mark. Really."

"Call me? As soon as you get to the hospital?"


"And if your brother isn't at the gate, call me immediately."

"He will be. Stop worrying. One of us will meet you at the airport in Dallas tomorrow night." She raised up to kiss him, then motioned him on, watching half-amused as he backed up the aisle waving to her and the boys, then turned and moved toward the exit.

He had just the right balance now, she thought, between the look of experience and the hint of youth: a few wrinkles around his eyes and a forelock of sandy hair set over a broad, rectangular face. She was proud of him, and proud of herself for choosing such a good-looking, gentle husband. Strong and gentle — and protective.

"Kansas City clearance delivery, North America 170 to Dallas with information bravo."

A disembodied voice on the overhead cockpit speakers replied to First Officer Jean Simonson's request with a familiar litany:

"ATC clears North America 170 to the Dallas–Fort Worth Airport as filed. On departure fly runway heading for radar vectors, climb to 5,000, expect flight level three-five-zero ten minutes after departure, departure control one-twenty-six-six, squawk two-six-six-five."

Mark Weiss had already made the decision to stick his head into the small 737 cockpit before he got to the front of the aircraft, slipping in quietly as Jean read back the clearance she had hastily scribbled on a notepad. As a private pilot with less than a hundred flight hours, he was well aware of the gulf between his own flight knowledge and that of airline pilots, but there was a camaraderie that cut across the lines, a unisex brotherhood whose rite of admission was an FAA-issued pilot's license of whatever grade.

The atmosphere of a commercial airline cockpit was technologically intoxicating, the impressive little compartment a siren song, luring him to take a closer look every time he boarded an airliner — especially at night, with the soft glow of myriad dials and instruments all within a fingertip's reach of the two pilots in the two-person cockpit, and the important hum of electronic cooling fans blending with the distant whine of hydraulic pumps. Who could fail to be impressed by such a place? A feeling of awe washed over him now as Jean Simonson and Pete Kaminsky noticed him in the doorway, the aroma of fresh coffee wafting from a cup in the captain's hand.

"Hello!" Pete Kaminsky never tired of showing off his "office," but too many passengers feigned sophisticated disinterest. "Been up front in one of these birds before?"

"A few times, yes. I fly little Cessnas, though. All this seems overwhelming."

Kaminsky extended a huge right hand somewhat awkwardly from his left seat position.

"I'm ex-Air Force, but I started in Cessnas too, although it was a long time ago."

Mark shook the captain's hand, noting subconsciously how tiny the cockpit looked in comparison to the size of the fellow. As a psychologist, he had always been fascinated by personalities and the relationships between powerful, headstrong people working in such a small space under what he knew were often high-pressure conditions. Kaminsky's physical dimensions made the contrast even more acute.

"Is this wild weather going to be a problem?" Mark asked the question tentatively while nodding a greeting to Jean, but Pete knew instantly what he meant.

"In other words, are we going to fly in this stuff?" Kaminsky smiled at Weiss, who looked a tad sheepish. "Don't worry. We'll go ahead and push back from the gate on time, but we're going to swivel around at the end of the runway and take a hard look at this with our radar. If I see any red on that scope — in other words, if I don't see a clear path out of here — we're staying on the ground." Pete considered his visitor's level of expertise. "You may already know this, but on this digital radar, anything that shows up in red is severe weather, and we avoid severe weather like the plague."

Mark nodded, and Pete Kaminsky watched his eyes as they swept appreciatively over the instrument panel. Pete decided not to mention the nearby tornado watch. There was an awkward silence, and Pete filled it at last. "What takes you to Dallas tonight?"

"Oh, I'm not going with you," Mark began, gesturing to the cabin behind them, "but my wife and two little boys are on board. My father-in-law just had a heart attack in Dallas. He's in critical condition."

"Sorry to hear that." Kaminsky studied the concerned look on Weiss's face. He knew the meaning behind it. He had stood in other cockpit doorways himself years ago, trying to find a diplomatic way of asking a fellow airman to be extra cautious with those he loved — a concern long since a thing of the past.

"Don't worry. We'll take very good care of them. We may be forced to make on-time departures from the gate, but there's no force in hell that's gonna get me off the ground if I don't like the weather — and I'll tell you, right now I don't like the weather."

Mark thanked them and made his exit, moving slowly up the jetway and eventually appearing on the other side of the rain-washed terminal windows at Gate 14 as the senior flight attendant appeared in the cockpit door with a cup of tea for the copilot, her silver hair in stark contrast to Jean's young face, her half-lens reading glasses hanging precariously on the tip of her nose, the computer list of first-class passengers in her hand.

"How ya doing, Barb?" Pete asked with a friendly smile.

Barbara Shubert, mother of three, grandmother of six, private pilot, and twenty-four-year veteran with the airline smiled and peered over the top of her glasses, a top sergeant inspecting her troops. "Fine, Pete. Sorry I didn't say hello when you two came aboard. We've been battling maintenance for a replacement oxygen bottle in the back."

"Need my help?"

She shook her head. "Not this time. They finally surrendered."

Barbara turned away to greet a late-boarding passenger as Jean reached behind her to pull the folding cockpit door shut for a private discussion.

"Pete, I've got a problem with number three main tire."

"Oh?" The captain looked startled. They had been sitting together in the cockpit for nearly ten minutes. Why had she waited this long to say something about a maintenance problem?


Excerpted from Final Approach by John J. Nance. Copyright © 1990 by John J. Nance. Excerpted by permission of OPEN ROAD INTEGRATED MEDIA.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Meet the Author

John J. Nance (1946) is an aviation specialist and author. He has written several bestselling books, including Skyhook, Turbulence and Orbit. Two of his novels, Medusa's Child and Pandora's Clock were adapted into successful television mini-series. He is also a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Airforce Reserve. Nance has also appeared on over 1,300 radio and television shows, including The MacNeil—Lehrer Report, Oprah, and Larry King Live.

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Post to your social network


Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews

Final Approach 3.8 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 8 reviews.
jayfwms More than 1 year ago
The first chapters made me so emotional that I questioned whether I could keep reading. As I continued there were still times when the emotion was hard to take. The characters were so well developed that I quickly became invested with them. They were all people I knew or had dealt with. As a retired Federal employee, I think the hostile interaction between the career employees and the political appointees was very accurate. The many twists and turns as the plot develops made the book very engrossing and difficult to put down. The ending was a little contrived, but acceptable, with one loose end left hanging. If you can handle the gut-wrenching impact of an airplane crash in the beginning, the book is exciting and a good read.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I'm a quarter of the way into the book and am very lost as way too many characters have already been introduced. I'm having to flip back and forth between pages to keep everyone straight. So far this is more political than investigative. Forcing myself to keep going for the next 300 pages crossing my fingers I've met all the characters and the investigative part of the book shows up.
booklover- More than 1 year ago
Kansas City International Airport.... an aircraft collides with another plane on the runway. It's one of the worst aviation disasters in many years. National Transportation Safety Board investigator Joe Wallingford arrives on the scene. There are many thoughts running through his head ... there were thunderstorms in the area ...is this a climate caused problem? Severe cuts to the program have been made recently ...was the airplane in perfect condition to fly? Is pilot error a possibility? As Wallingford sifts through the wreckage, he comes to believe this was for more than he originally thought and he will have to risk his career .. or his life ... to expose a deadly cover-up. This author has written several aviation-thriller books; this was his debut novel in 1990. As interesting as this reading was, it seemed a bit outdated. It did serve to show what happens behind the scenes .. who does what when. I enjoyed seeing what an investigator first looks at and how he goes about putting all the pieces together. Many thanks to the author / Open Road Integrated Media / NetGalley who provided a digital copy in exchange for an honest, unbiased review.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Although this book was originally published in 1990, it could have been written today. It is the story of a horrendous plane crash that took place at the Kansas City Airport and the NTSB investigation of the crash. Your protagonists are part of the NTSB who are working to learn the truth under extremely difficult circumstances. Politics, big business and arrogant ambition are all part of it. I found this to be one of those rare "don't miss" thriller reads. Thanks to Net Galley and Open Road for an ARC of this novel for an honest review.
BasingstoneBook More than 1 year ago
If you like a good mystery and the Discovery channel then this is right up your street. People life's are thrown into total disarray by an aviation disaster at Kansas City airport when two aircraft collide on the taxiway. Charged with finding out the cause of the crash Joe Wallingford Inspector in Charge from National Transport Safety Board struggles with the politics surrounding his every move. It is not as if trying to decide whether sabotage, weather, design , interference or human error is hard enough, the politics start to interfere with the investigation. The author has written a very exciting mystery cleverly using the investigation process as his backbone to the book. First published in 1992 I am very glad we are getting another chance to read it, but now with everyday things like Airbus, mobile phones and proper airport security in their infancy.
Rosemary-Standeven More than 1 year ago
I received this copy from the publisher via NetGalley in exchange for an honest review This is a fast-paced and very exciting thriller about the investigation into a horrific crash of an Airbus 320 plane attempting to land, into a Boeing 737 about to take off from Kansas City airport. Although written back in 1990, the book, with its very detailed depiction of the problems arising in investigating air-crashes, is still relevant to current aviation disasters such as those affecting the Malaysian Airlines and Germanwings planes over the last two years – even though the causes of each disaster differ. Joe Wallingford and his National Transportation Safety Board team have to battle so many different interested parties in the search for the true cause(s) of the crash – all on a very low budget, and with substantial (and deleterious) interference from their boss. You would expect that the airline owning the two planes would want to dispute any blame apportioned to their company, with respect to the adequacy of their pilots. But when the investigation also has to consider the company management structure, financial problems and maintenance protocols, it is no surprise that North American Airlines is desperate to find another focus for the investigators. Luckily for them, it might have been an assassination of a highly unpopular politician killed in the crash, or there may have been military involvement (after all you can never believe their denials), and politicians of every hue are manipulating the “facts” to suit their own agenda. Conspiracy theories abound. There is not so much a cover-up (or more accurately plural cover-ups) as everyone trying to save their own skin in the (perhaps mistaken) belief that their particular peccadilloes had no bearing on the disaster. And then there are the bigots who want to blame Airbus (French manufacturer) because American companies should buy American planes. The thriller is chock-a-block with red herrings. That Joe and his team do get to the truth in the end is due to a lot of hard work, and fighting through the obfuscation of nearly everyone connected to the disaster. However, the real reason for the crash comes as a surprise right at the end, and relies on the confession of someone that no-one thought to ask. An all round excellent book, and I hope to read more by John Nance in the future.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Guest More than 1 year ago
When a North American Airlines A-320 is making a bad weather landing at MCI (Kansas City INT'L) and plows into a 737 waiting to takeoff killing more then 100, and injuring dozens more, the NTSB sends Joe Wallingford to investigate. The book offers a very deep look into the NTSB, and the Senate. Mr. Nance's knowledge of Washington is very clear, and not to deep. This is a good book for a teen, and up. Don't let you 5 year old touch this. Would have been 4 stars, if not for A BOATLOAD OF UNNECISARY PROFANITY. 3 stars, rated R.