Fire Fighter Safety And Survival / Edition 2

Fire Fighter Safety And Survival / Edition 2

by Don Zimmerman
     
 

ISBN-10: 1284036413

ISBN-13: 9781284036411

Pub. Date: 12/19/2013

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

Fire Fighter Safety and Survival is an essential guide designed to keep fire fighters safe from the many hazards they will face on-the-job. Developed around the 16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives, this textbook provides scores of real-life examples from the fire service and other high-risk industries to illustrate the dangers of fire fighting. More importantly,…  See more details below

Overview

Fire Fighter Safety and Survival is an essential guide designed to keep fire fighters safe from the many hazards they will face on-the-job. Developed around the 16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives, this textbook provides scores of real-life examples from the fire service and other high-risk industries to illustrate the dangers of fire fighting. More importantly, these examples help readers to stay safe in similar situations by offering helpful information on risk management, how to incorporate safety procedures within their department, and how to foster a culture of safety to ensure that “Everyone Goes Home.”
The Second Edition features:
Coverage of the Fire and Emergency Services Higher Education (FESHE) Firefighter Safety and Survival model curriculum.
Updated statistics, references, and examples from recent events
Over 100 real-life examples from the fire service and nuclear, medical, military, and airline industries to provide readers with a complete understanding of risk management, safety systems, and situational awareness principles.

Fire science students, seasoned professionals, and rookies alike can turn to Fire Fighter Safety and Survival, Second Edition for the knowledge and tools needed to make a difference in their departments without sacrificing cherished, long-standing traditions.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781284036411
Publisher:
Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date:
12/19/2013
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
440
Sales rank:
501,325
Product dimensions:
8.90(w) x 11.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Defining a Culture Change 1

Introduction 2

Emergency Services Change 2

Types of Change 3

Changes for Safety 5

Reasons for Change 6

Leadership During Change 7

Managing Change 7

Resistance to Change 8

Opportunities for Change 11

Safety Culture 12

The Evolution to Safety 13

Tips for Creating Change 14

Cultural Changes for Safety 16

Components of a Safety Culture 18

Safety as a Certification Level 22

Cultural Compliance 23

Conclusion 23

Chapter 2 Enhancing Accountability 28

Introduction 29

Accountability 29

Blame 31

Personal Accountability 33

Personal Accountability in Leadership 36

Improving Personal Accountability 36

Make the Decision to Be Accountable 36

Become an Active Member of Your Department 37

Speak Up 38

Take Responsibility for the Outcome of Calls 39

Take Responsibility for Safety 39

Personal Accountability to Safety 40

Personal Accountability to Training 40

Personal Accountability to Equipment 40

Personal Accountability to Services 40

Personal Accountability to the Organization 40

Organizational Accountability 41

Health and Safety Accountability 43

NFPA 1500 43

Rating Your Department 44

Successful Implementation 46

Conclusion 48

Chapter 3 Applying Risk Management Techniques 53

Introduction 54

Risk-Benefit Analysis 54

Risk Management 55

Define the Context 56

Identify Potential Risk 56

Assess and Analyze 57

Develop Alternative Plans 57

Decide and Implement 57

Decision Making 58

Training-Based Decision Making 59

Recognition-Primed Decision Making 60

Incident Management 62

Safety Officer 62

Scene Accountability 63

Emergency Traffic 64

Rapid Intervention 65

Responder Rehabilitation 67

Risk Management at the Strategic Level 68

Urban Strategic Risk Management 68

Rural Strategic Risk Management 69

Risk Management at the Tactical Level 71

Risk Management at the Task Level 73

Safe Search 73

Sate Tools 74

Situational Awareness 74

Improving the Safety of the Fireground 81

Conclusion 81

Chapter 4 Eliminating Unsafe Acts 87

Introduction 88

The Foundation of Unsafe Practices 88

Fire Fighter Empowerment 90

Education 90

Enablement 91

Empowerment 92

Accidents 92

Energy Conversion to Injuries 92

Recognition of Unsafe Acts 96

Unsafe Acts in the Spotlight (Visible) 96

Unsafe Acts in Disguise (Invisible) 96

Poor Risk Management Decisions 97

Distraction Events 99

Preventing Unsafe Acts Before They Occur 99

Education (Initiative 14) 99

Engineering (Initiative 8) 100

Environment (Initiative 1) 100

Enforcement (Initiatives 9 and 11) 101

Stopping Unsafe Acts in Progress 101

Plan for the Problem 101

Politely Request to Complete a Task 104

Call a Time-Out 104

Working with Unsafe Acts 105

Postincident Critique or Debriefing 105

Crew Resource Management 105

Policies and Procedures 107

Situational Awareness 108

Communication 109

Problem Solving 112

Conclusion 113

Chapter 5 Implementing Training and Certification Standards 118

Introduction 119

Opposing Concepts 119

Standard of Care 120

Chain of Survival 120

How We Got Here 121

Evaluating Where We Are 122

Initial Training Requirements 122

Certification Requirements 125

In-Service Training Requirements 127

Accreditation 129

Higher-Educational Requirements 130

Business Associations 130

Physical Ability Testing 131

Establishing Where We Should Be 131

Recertification Requirements 131

The FESHE Model 132

Tiered Training 133

Credentialing 134

Conclusion 135

Chapter 6 Developing Medical and Fitness Standards 139

Introduction 140

A Common Push for Health and Fitness 141

Fire Fighter Statistics 142

Body Metabolism 143

Oxygen 144

Fuel 150

Aerobic Versus Anaerobic Metabolism 151

Physical Agility Testing 153

The Combat Challenge 153

Candidate Physical Abilities Test© (CPAT) 154

Fit for Duty Versus Wellness 155

NFPA 1583 156

NFPA 1582 156

Maintenance Versus Repairs 157

Truck Checks 158

Annual Pump Testing 159

Supervision 159

Efficiency Factors of Firefighting 159

Work Rate 160

Movement Speed 160

Extrinsic Factors 160

Conclusion 161

Chapter 7 Creating a Research Agenda 167

Introduction 168

Research as a Tool 169

Types of Research 169

Categories of Data 170

Using a Research Hypothesis 170

Research and Development 171

National Research Agenda 172

Defining a Cultural Change (Initiative 1) 173

Enhancing Accountability (Initiative 21 173

Applying Risk Management Techniques (Initiative 3) 174

Eliminating Unsafe Acts (Initiative 4) 176

Implementing Training and Certification Standards (Initiative 5) 177

Developing Medical and Fitness Standards (Initiative 6) 179

Creating a Research Agenda (Initiative 7) 180

Utilizing Available Technology (Initiative 8) 182

Investigating Fatalities, 'Injuries, and Near-Misses (Initiative 9) 182

Blending Grants and Safety (Initiative 10) 183

Establishing Response Standards (Initiative 11) 183

Examining Response to Violent Incidents (Initiative 12) 184

Providing Emotional Support (Initiative 13) 185

Enabling Public Education (Initiative 14) 185

Advocating Residential Fire Sprinklers (Initiative 15) 185

Engineering Safety into Equipment (Initiative 16) 186

Data Collection 186

Creating a Hypothesis 186

Data Collection Plan 186

Analyzing the Data 187

Utilizing the Data 188

Conclusion 189

Chapter 8 Utilizing Available Technology 195

Introduction 196

Overreliance on Technology 197

Utilization of Technology 198

Present Needs 198

Current Trends 199

Military Applications 199

Statistics 199

Types of Line-of-Duty Deaths 200

Stress and Overexertion 200

Motor Vehicle Crashes 202

Falls 204

Being Struck by or in Contact With Objects 206

Flashover 208

Being Caught, Trapped, or Lost 211

Communication 212

Conclusion 213

Chapter 9 Investigating Fatalities, Injuries, and Near-Misses 215

Introduction 219

Investigating Fatalities 220

Injury Patterns 221

Near-Miss Reporting 221

Advantages of Near-Miss Reporting 221

Components of Near-Miss Reporting 223

The Reporting Process 225

Building a Successful System 227

1 The Event 227

2 Personal Accountability (Initiative 2) 228

3 Investigations and Near-Misses (Initiative 9) 228

4 Data Collection and Research (Initiative 7) 228

5 Implementation (Initiatives 5 and 11) 228

Conclusion 233

Chapter 10 Blending Grants and Safety 239

Introduction 240

Who Offers Grants? The Grantors 241

Community Organizations 242

Businesses 242

Foundations 243

Classifications of Giants 244

Operating Grants 244

Research and Education Grants 245

Mini or Quick-Response Grants 246

Donor-Advised Grants 246

Program Seed Grants-Fire Prevention and Safety 247

Equipment Grants 247

Staffing Grants 247

Choosing a Grant 248

Eligibility of Grant Recipients 248

Grant Priorities 249

Sustainability 250

Components of a Grant 250

Research and Evaluation 250

The Narrative 251

Budget 255

Awarding of a Grant 257

The Contract 257

Deadlines 257

Reports 257

Conclusion 258

Chapter 11 Establishing Response Standards 262

Introduction 263

Terminology 264

Policies and Procedures 265

Standard Operating Procedures and Guidelines 266

Writing Style 267

Levels of Standard Policies and Procedures 269

Series One (S-1: National) 269

Series Two (S-2: Template) 275

Series Three (S-3: Specialized) 277

Implementing the Standards 279

Policy Collaboration 279

Conclusion 280

Chapter 12 Examining Response to Violent Incidents 284

Introduction 285

Terrorism 285

Weapons of Mass Destruction 286

Secondary Devices 287

Soft Targets 287

Job Description 288

Reporting the News/Responding to Emergencies 288

Investigating the News/Assisting Law Enforcement 288

Extracting the News/Extricating Patients 289

Standard Procedures 290

Uniforms 290

Protective Equipment 291

Training 292

Type of Incident 294

Civil Disturbance 294

School or Public Shootings 296

Bomb Threats and Possible Bombs 298

Illegal Drug and Explosives Labs 299

Medical Emergencies 299

Animals 300

Conclusion 300

Chapter 13 Providing Emotional Support 305

Introduction 306

Stress: Overview 306

Coping With Stress 307

Failure to Cope With Stress 309

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 310

Group Therapy 312

Individual Therapy 316

The Future 319

Behavioral Models 319

Technological Advances 319

Support Systems 321

Conclusion 321

Chapter 14 Enabling Public Education 327

Introduction 328

Prevention Versus Preparation 328

Progressive Message 329

Diversification of Duties 329

History of Problem Solving 330

Proven Success Rate With Safety Education 330

Developing a Program 331

The Message 331

The Audience 333

The Atmosphere 335

Partnerships 341

Project Management 341

Funding 343

Personnel 344

Life Safety Education for Fire Fighter Safety 345

Preventing Emergencies 345

Reporting Emergencies 346

First Responder Actions 346

Conclusion 347

Chapter 15 Advocating Residential Fire Sprinklers 352

Introduction 353

Residential Sprinklers 354

NFPA 13D 354

The Opposition 356

Cost 356

Water Availability 358

Water Damage 359

Resale Value 361

Freedom of Choice 361

Need 362

Different Paths 363

Code Enforcement 363

The Adoption of Sprinkler Mandates 365

Sprinkler Advocacy 366

Future Approaches 367

Ease of Retrofitting 368

Conclusion 371

Chapter 16 Engineering Safety into Equipment 376

Introduction 377

The Safety Curve 378

Improvement Phase 1 378

Improvement Phase 2 379

Improvement Phase 3 379

The Origination of Safety 380

NFPA Committees 380

Research Institutions 382

Governmental Regulations and Standards 382

Manufacturers 383

Firefighting Design 384

Designing Safety 386

Research 386

Education 391

Practice 391

Policy 394

Retrofitting Safety 394

Cost 394

Availability 396

Need 396

Conclusion 397

Appendix A Standard Operating Procedures 401

Appendix B Fire Fighter Injuries and Fatalities Report 411

Appendix C Fire Department Self-Survey: Analyzing Your Profile 413

Appendix D FESHE Correlation Guide 416

Appendix E Imperial and Metric Conversions 419

Glossary 423

Index 430

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