Firefly Encyclopedia of Trees

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A comprehensive new reference work on the trees of the world, with fully illustrated A-Z directory.

The Firefly Encyclopedia of Trees covers the entire world of trees with outstanding text and abundant illustrations and photography. Forests and woods cover 30% of the world's land surface. This book describes the forest ecosystem and the four major forest types of the world: boreal, temperate, subtropical, ...

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Overview

A comprehensive new reference work on the trees of the world, with fully illustrated A-Z directory.

The Firefly Encyclopedia of Trees covers the entire world of trees with outstanding text and abundant illustrations and photography. Forests and woods cover 30% of the world's land surface. This book describes the forest ecosystem and the four major forest types of the world: boreal, temperate, subtropical, tropical.

The main part of the encyclopedia is the A-Z directory of the world's trees:

  • Species identification tables, fact boxes, and thumbnail maps show the distribution of native trees.
  • Information for each tree includes a concise taxonomic description and explains where the tree grows naturally.
  • Color photographs and illustrations depict each family in summer and fall, bark texture, leaves, seeds and nuts, and where applicable, blossoms.
  • Captions describe the dimensions and characteristics of each tree in exacting detail.

Other interesting features of the encyclopedia include:

  • Detailed descriptions of tree structures: shapes, trunk structure, root systems, leaf shapes and functions, flowers and fruit
  • Notable forests around the world
  • Effect of trees on economies and societies
  • Further reading section
  • Extensive glossary
  • Comprehensive indexes of common and scientific names.

The Firefly Encyclopedia of Trees features the familiar as well as the exotic. The Baobab, for instance, can store tens of thousands of gallons in water in its light, fleshy wood, remains leafy during droughts, and provides a natural source of water for people and animals alike.

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Editorial Reviews

Garden Glories [National Garden Clubs]
Comprehensive reference on trees. The book is exceptionally well-organized and beautifully illustrated.
Choice
Beautiful color photos and drawings grace every page... thorough and a bargain. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All levels.
— U. Ellis
Portland Oregonian
Mouthwatering photos... information is authoritative, clear and interesting.
— Kym Pokorny
Orlando Sentinel
Each section has detailed explanations and profuse illustrations. There are tables that help in identification, fact boxes... common names...
— Robert Bowden
Booklist
An essential resource for both serious botanists and amateur gardeners.
— Carol Haggas
Arkansas Democrat-Gazette
A comprehensive reference book with hundreds of color photographs, illustrations, charts and location maps.
— Karen Martin
Science News
A wealth of information on hundreds of species of trees... Clear illustrations, tables, and rich color photographs accompany each entry.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
A great primer... reader-friendly and helpful.
— Susan Banks
Canadian Camera
If you love trees, you will love this all-encompassing reference volume that celebrates them in all their many-splendored variety.
— Carole Desormeaux
Chicagoland Gardening
Rich resource is piled to the brim with unique photos and lively descriptions and anecdotes...perfect gift for a tree lover.
— Melissa Miller
Lexington Herald-Leader
If you don't know a larch from a hemlock, here is a great place to start recognizing the differences.
— Susan Smith-Durisek
Globe and Mail
Helps readers to appreciate the beauty and utility of trees around the world... provides detailed information on a vast range of trees.
London Free Press
A delightful table-top book full of color pictures of trees at their best.
— Ken Smith
Portland Oregonian - Kym Pokorny
Mouthwatering photos... information is authoritative, clear and interesting.
Choice - U. Ellis
Beautiful color photos and drawings grace every page, and the glossary and common and Latin name indexes are valuable tools... thorough and a bargain. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All levels.
Orlando Sentinel - Robert Bowden
Each section has detailed explanations and profuse illustrations. There are tables that help in identification, fact boxes... common names... climatic zones... economic importance.
Booklist - Carol Haggas
An essential resource for both serious botanists and amateur gardeners. Editor Cafferty marshals the salient facts required for identifying and understanding the properties inherent in complex communities of trees.
London Free Press - Ken Smith
A delightful table-top book full of color pictures of trees at their best.
Arkansas Democrat-Gazette - Karen Martin
A comprehensive reference book with hundreds of color photographs, illustrations, charts and location maps.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Susan Banks
A great primer... reader-friendly and helpful.
Canadian Camera - Carole Desormeaux
If you love trees, you will love this all-encompassing reference volume that celebrates them in all their many-splendored variety, history and uses.
Chicagoland Gardening - Melissa Miller
This rich resource is piled to the brim with unique photos and lively descriptions and anecdotes... a perfect gift for a tree lover.
Lexington Herald-Leader - Susan Smith-Durisek
Packed with photos and illustrations, introductory information about basic tree biology and terminology as well as forestry and silviculture background, the initial chapters set the stage for individual tree profiles that follow... if you don't know a larch from a hemlock, here is a great place to start recognizing the differences.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781554070510
  • Publisher: Firefly Books, Limited
  • Publication date: 9/3/2005
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 9.37 (w) x 11.62 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Steve Cafferty, M.Sc. is a botanist at the Natural History Museum in London, England. He was for many years a horticulturist in the tropical department of the Royal Botanic Gardens, and is widely published in scientific journals.

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Table of Contents

Introduction

  • How the Encyclopedia is Organized
  • How the Classification Works
What is a Tree?
  • Morphological Characters
  • Structural Diversity
  • Tree Shapes
  • Trunk and Wood Structure
  • Deconstructing Wood
  • Bark
  • The Root System
  • Modified Roots
  • Leaves
  • Flowers and Fruits
  • The Growth of Trees
Forests
  • The Forest Ecosystem
  • Forest Dynamics
  • Forests of Mankind
Trees and Mankind
  • Forestry
  • Forest Products
  • Forests and Society
  • Climate: the Deciding Factor
Trees of Every Kind
  • Tree-Ferns
  • The Maidenhair Tree
  • Cycads
  • Conifers
  • Temperate Broadleaves
  • Trees of the Tropics

Further Reading
Picture Credits
Glossary
Index of Common Names
Index of Latin Names

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Introduction

Introduction

Human beings have an affinity for trees. They inspire us, wherever we live. In cities they soften the urban landscape and help to keep us in tune with the changing seasons. Trees are an integral part of the rural environment and, even in regions where they are not, we plant them around our dwellings for shelter, fuel, timber, and their fruits.

Particular trees are identified with different areas: the Chestnuts and Elms of the northeastern United States, the Redwoods of California, the Live Oaks of the South, to the conifers of the old growth forests of the Pacific Northwest. England is synonymous with its Oak, the Mediterranean with its olive groves and cypresses. This authoritative volume gives insight into the huge diversity of trees. In fact, in the twenty-first century, we are surrounded by an unnatural diversity as numerous tree species have been introduced from around the world, greatly enriching our natural and manmade environments.

Our relationship with trees is an enduring one, though that with forests has changed since earlier generations. Where they saw the frontier wilderness of Jack London and James Fenimore Cooper, or the green hell of the unrelenting jungle, we see forests under threat from logging, pollution, or climate change. Trees now need our help to survive -- but the story is by no means uniformly bleak. The Gingko, or Maidenhair Tree, the Dawn Redwood, and the Wollemi Pine are remnants of the great gymnosperm forests of the Mesozoic Era, home of the dinosaurs. Over the millennia, as new trees evolved, they dwindled to tiny populations on the edge of extinction. Rediscovered and rescued by humankind, they have been broughtinto cultivation, and quite literally given a new lease of life. Here the message is one of hope -- if we value trees we will look after them, and their descendants will be alive for our descendants to enjoy

Colin Pendry B.Sc., Ph.D.
Tropical Forest Botanist, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Scotland.

How the Encyclopedia is Organized

The material comprises main text, illustrations, tables to aid species identification, fact boxes for a summary of the most important genera, and a thumbnail map showing their native distribution. Species, distribution, diagnostic features of the genus, horticultural and economic importance. and any specific information relevant to that genus are detailed in the text. The tables list all the species of the genus (save in the case of larger genera where main species only are detailed) and give concise facts on common names. distribution, species diagnostic features, and details of their horticultural or economic importance. Wherever possible, the species in each table are divided into natural divisions Subgenus, Section, Series, etc). If no such natural division is available, but species can be grouped, the general terms Group I, II, III... are used. In some cases an entire table or parts of it have been constructed in the form of a key, coded by letter. Thus the first keyed entries will be under A, with the alternative AA and even AAA. Further keyed items work through the alphabet: B, BB; C, CC, etc.

For dimensions of, for example, a leaf it is often necessary to show the normal parameters and extremes that may be found reasonably often; thus (4)5-6(6.7) in ((10)12-l5(17) cm) indicates normal dimensions of 5-6 in (12-15 cm) but with common extremes of as little as 4 in (10 cm) or as much as 6.7 in (17 cm).

Many taxonomic changes have taken place over the past 20 years. New discoveries in the field, and further herbarium studies of specimens have led to the reclassification of many families and genera. To reflect these changes, the system of arrangement based on that of G.L. Stebbins in his Flowering Plants -- Evolution Above Species Level, has largely been followed. However, where appropriate, it has been amended and updated according to the system of classification used by D.J. Mabberley in The Plant-Book (2nd edn), the most comprehensive modern treatment covering all groups of plants. In all but the Trees of the Tropics chapter (which is alphabetical by genus), families are arranged in evolutionary order.

Climate Zones
For each genus, and its main species, the relevant climate Zone(s) in which it grows are represented at the end of the entry by the abbreviation cz. The numbers link the distribution of a genus or species to the climate zone maps of North America and Europe on page 39, following the ten climate zones identified by the US Department of Agriculture. No climate zone figures are included, however, in the section "Trees of the Tropics," since all tropical regions encompass climate zones 9-10, making allowance for local variations in microclimates in tropical mountainous regions where, at altitude, local climate zones may be lower or cooler over relatively small areas.

How the Classification Works

All entries are ordered by family (with the exception of the "Trees of the Tropics" genera, which are ordered alphabetically). The example below shows how different typography is used to distinguish the names [note: typography has not been preserved in this excerpt]:

SALICACEAE [Family name in small caps]
Salix [Latin genus in italics]

Willows, Salix, Osiers

[Common name as main header]

The family name appears in small capital letters. Each entry is then shown by its Latin name the genus, identified by italic type) and its common name Most trees have a number of popular or common names of which as many alternatives as possible are included. These are shown prominently in bold type. With regard to the scientific name or binomial there should of course be just one correct name -- this is shown in italic. However, it is often not quite so straightforward since historically several names have been applied to a single species. Here, the system adopted is to use the currently accepted scientific name, as far as is possible, throughout an entry but at first mention other synonyms are given, either in parentheses or by using the = sign.

Throughout this work, scientific terminology has been kept to a minimum, but inevitably some has had to be used for the sake of conciseness. For this reason there is a comprehensive Glossary at the end of the book, and the section "What is a Tree?" should be consulted for an account of the structure, reproduction, and growth of trees.

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