Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis / Edition 1

Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis / Edition 1

by Marc J. Assael, Konstantinos E. Kakosimos
     
 

ISBN-10: 1439826757

ISBN-13: 9781439826751

Pub. Date: 02/23/2010

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Today's risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas
Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis
provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas

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Overview

Today's risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas
Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis
provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events.
The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents.

Some key features of this book include:

  • Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses
  • Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases)
  • Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality

Invaluable to professionals, researchers,
and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved-in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781439826751
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
02/23/2010
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
350
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Hazard Identification — Event Frequency
Hazard and Risk
Hazard Identification Techniques
"What-If" Analysis
Hazard and Operability Analysis (HAZOP)
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
Overview of Qualitative Evaluation Techniques
Event Frequency Techniques
Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
Event Tree Analysis (ΕΤΑ)
Human Factor
Some Definitions
Incidents at Petroleum Refineries
Human Factors Checklists

Outflow
Introduction
Outflow of Compressed Gases

Gas Density
Outflow from Vessels
Outflow Due to Total Pipe Rupture
Outflow of Liquids
Outflow from Vessel
Outflow of Pressurized Liquefied Gases
Description of Event
Initial Flashing
Air Entrainment and Atmospheric Dispersion

Effects and Consequences Analysis
Introduction
Definitions
Fires
Pool Fire
Fire Ball
Jet Fire
Flash Fire
Effects of Heat Radiation
Examples
Vapor Cloud Explosions
Cloud Expansion Mechanism
Equivalent TNT Mass Method
Multi-Energy Method
Baker-Strehlow Method
Effects of Explosions
Examples
BLEVE
Estimation
Examples
Toxic Gas Dispersion
Types of Toxic Gases
Introduction to Cloud Dispersion
Light Gas Dispersion from Continuous Source
Light Gas Dispersion from an Instantaneous Source
Heavy Gas Dispersion
Dispersion of Solid Particles (e.g., ΡΜ10)
Effects of Toxic Gas Dispersion
Examples

Causes of Destruction
Introduction
Facilities and Equipment
Storage Tanks
Pipes, Valves, and Related Equipment
Stacks
Other Equipment and Procedures
Ignition
Ignition Sources
Ignition Characteristics

References
Appendices

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