First Along the River: A Brief History of the U.S. Environmental Movement / Edition 3

First Along the River: A Brief History of the U.S. Environmental Movement / Edition 3

by Benjamin Kline
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0742558533

ISBN-13: 9780742558533

Pub. Date: 04/16/2007

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.


About the Author:
Benjamin Kline is professor in both the social science and intercultural studies divisions at De Anza College

Overview


About the Author:
Benjamin Kline is professor in both the social science and intercultural studies divisions at De Anza College

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780742558533
Publisher:
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
04/16/2007
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
206
Product dimensions:
6.08(w) x 9.05(h) x 0.52(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

1 Philosophical Foundations 5

Biblical Justification for Dominating Nature 5

Seeking New Land 8

Rational Nature of the World 10

Social and Political Thought in the Eighteenth Century 13

Conclusion 15

2 The 1400s through the 1700s: Inhabiting a New Land 17

Native Americans as Prototypical Environmentalists 18

Early Colonial Environmental Attitudes 21

Conclusion 26

3 The Early 1800s: Destroying the Frontier 29

Manifest Destiny 30

Domesticating the Wilderness 32

Final Conquest of the West 35

Renewed Interest in Nature 38

Conclusion 41

4 The Late 1880s: Building an Industrial Nation 43

Population Growth and Consumerism 43

Devastating the Land 47

Overconsumption of Natural Resources 48

Voices for Nature 52

Conclusion 56

5 The 1900s through the 1930s: Beginnings of the Conservation Movement 59

Conservation during the Progressive Era 60

Environmental Decay during the Roaring Twenties 68

Conservation Policies under Roosevelt's New Deal 72

Conclusion 76

6 The 1940s through the 1960s: Prelude to the Green Decade 79

Environmental Costs of Scientific Progress in the 1940s 80

The Conservative 1950s 81

Emerging Voices in the 1960s 82

The Environmental Movement Begins to Mobilize 87

Conclusion 91

7 The 1970s: The Conservation Movement Matures 95

Mainstream and Alternative Environmental Groups 96

New Environmental Legislation 103

Jimmy Carter and the Envirocrats 107

Conclusion 111

8 The 1980s: A Conservative Backlash 113

Ronald Reagan's Environmental Deregulation 114

George Bush as the Environmental President 117

Employment versus the Environment 120

Environmental Groups Actions and Reactions 121

International Environmental Concern 123

Conclusion 126

9 The Early 1990s: Government Retrenchment and Public Apathy 129

Environmental Optimism under Bill Clinton 129

A Growing Countermovement 131

A Green Revival 133

A Conservative Resurgence 138

Conclusion 145

10 The Late 1990s: The Institutionalization of the Environmental Movement 147

Clinton's Moderate Environmental Approach 148

Growing Public Concern 152

New Activism 156

Congressional Action and Inaction 159

The Global Future of the Environmental Movement 164

Conclusion 167

11 The Environmental Movement in the Post 9/11 World: 2000-2010 171

George W. Bush 171

Bush and Changing Regulations 174

The Debate and the Gamble 176

Barack Obama: The Presidency of 'Change' 177

The Environment and the Presidential Election of 2008 178

Obama and the Environment 179

Copenhagen 180

Pros and Cons 183

NIMBYism 184

The BP Oil Spill Disaster 186

Conclusion 187

Conclusion 189

Glossary 195

Bibliography and Suggested Readings 209

Index 217

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