First Floridians and Last Mastodons: The Page-Ladson Site in the Aucilla River / Edition 1

First Floridians and Last Mastodons: The Page-Ladson Site in the Aucilla River / Edition 1

by S. David Webb
     
 

ISBN-10: 1402043252

ISBN-13: 9781402043253

Pub. Date: 11/28/2006

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

This book presents the multidisciplinary results of an extensive underwater excavation in north Florida which yields the most complete results of interactions between early Paleoindians and late Pleistocene megafauna, especially Mammut americanum (American Mastodon), in a rich environmental context in eastern North America. It provides fundamental insights into two

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Overview

This book presents the multidisciplinary results of an extensive underwater excavation in north Florida which yields the most complete results of interactions between early Paleoindians and late Pleistocene megafauna, especially Mammut americanum (American Mastodon), in a rich environmental context in eastern North America. It provides fundamental insights into two urgent issues: "The Peopling of the Americas"; and "The Extinction of the Megafauna". The authors describe and illustrate their unique methods of precise underwater excavations. They show how these techniques allowed them to collect a diversity of zoological, botanical and cultural material with outstanding organic preservation. This wealth of prehistoric evidence was recovered during twenty years of delving into an ancient sinkhole in the bottom of the Aucilla River. The nearly continuous sequence of fine-grained sediments, with an abundance of carbon dates, place the climatic and environmental history of this area in a global context of late glacial climatic cycles. The deepest strata produce clear evidence that the first Floridians lived and hunted here some 14,000 years ago, indicating that this southeastern culture preceded classic Clovis culture in western North America. Clever studies of stable isotopes tell that the Mastodons migrated north out of Florida into glacial terrain during the winter and spring and their digesta, which also contain steroids and epithelial cells, display a rich summer diet. The last section of the book provides a wealth of new evidence from the early Holocene about the flora and climate and how early Archaic people subsisted after the megafauna became extinct. An excellent color photo section expresses the unique setting and adventure of this project, extensively supported by National Geographic Society.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402043253
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
11/28/2006
Series:
Topics in Geobiology Series, #26
Edition description:
2006
Pages:
588
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword By Robin C. Brown

Preface By S. David Webb

Chapter 1 Underwater Excavation Methods By Joseph M. Latvis and Irvy R. Quitmyer

SECTION A: GEOLOGY

Chapter 2 Geography and Geomorphology of the Aucilla River Region By Joseph F. Donoghue

Chapter 3 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation By David C. Kendrick

Chapter 4 Carbon Dates By S. David Webb and James S. Dunbar

Chapter 5 Pleisene-Holocene Climate Change: Chronostratigraphy and Geoclimate of the Southeast United States By James S. Dunbar

SECTION B: PALEOBOTANY

Chapter 6 Setting the Stage: fossil Pollen, Stomata and Charcoal By Barbara C. S. Hansen

Chapter 7 Paleoenvironmental Aspects of the Macrophytic Plant Assemblage By Lee A. Newsom

SECTION C: LATE PLEISTOCENE EVIDENCE

Chapter 8 Vertebrate Paleontology By S. David Webb and Erika Simons

Chapter 9 Non-marine Mollusca By Kurt Auffenberg, Irvy R. Quitmyer, James D. Williams and Douglas S. Jones

Chapter 10 Mastodon (Mammut americanum) Diet and Foraging Patterns Based on Paleofecal Material By Lee A. Newsom and Mathew C. Mihlbachler

Chapter 11 Mastodon Tusk Recovery By S. David Webb

Chapter 12 Five Years in the Life of an Aucilla Mastodon By Daniel C. Fisher and David L. Fox

Chapter 13 The Biogeochemistry of the Aucilla River Fauna By Kathryn A. Hoppe and Paul L. Koch

Chapter 14 Paleoindian Archaeology By James S. Dunbar

SECTION D: EARLY HOLOCENE EVIDENCE

Chapter 15 Terrestrial Soil or Submerged Sediment?: The early Archaic at Page-Ladson By Sylvia Scudder

Chapter 16 Early Holocene Vertebrate Paleontology By Tanya Peres and Erika Simons

Chapter 17 Biogenic Silica as an Environmental Indicator By Russ McCarty and Larry Schwandes

Chapter 18 Early Archaic Archaeology By Brinnen C. Carter and James S. Dunbar

Chapter 19 Bolen Hearths By Mark P. Muniz and C. Andrew Hemmings

SECTION E: CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 20 Paleoindian Land Use By James S. Dunbar

Chapter 21 Conclusions By S. David Webb

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