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The First Partner: Hillary Rodham Clinton

The First Partner: Hillary Rodham Clinton

by Joyce Milton

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nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Hillary Rodham Clinton has fascinated the nation since she became First Lady in 1992. In The First Partner, acclaimed biographer Joyce Milton goes beyond the headlines and offers real insight into Clinton's character, her values, and her career.

nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Milton offrs new perspectives on the firestorms that have


nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Hillary Rodham Clinton has fascinated the nation since she became First Lady in 1992. In The First Partner, acclaimed biographer Joyce Milton goes beyond the headlines and offers real insight into Clinton's character, her values, and her career.

nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Milton offrs new perspectives on the firestorms that have raged about Clinton, from the health-care fiasco to Whitewater to the Lewinsiky scandal. She also examines Clinton's attempts to reconcile a host of contradictions—feminist convictions in painful collision with family commitment; philosophical beliefs in conflict with political reality; the precarious balance between professional ambition, public image, and private life. Lively and evenhanded, this definitive biography is a revealing portrait of one of the most enigmatic women in politics.

Editorial Reviews

People Magazine
...[G]ossipy, well-written and finally devastating...
Marjorie Williams
Mostly it's a further exhibit...of how lucky Bill and Hillary Clinton have been in their enemies....The question of how this smartdriven woman got herself there — especiallywhat story she has told herself about her life and her marriage — is indeed an interesting one....It would be unfair...to blame Joyce Milton for leaving us with [unanswered] questionswhose answers may be better sought in a mirror than in a book. —The Washington Monthly
Dick Morris
The chief lesson here is that there is very little about Mrs. Clinton that she will not either change or modify as the situation requires. We can expect a new "new Hillary Clinton" soon. — National Review
Robin Toner
In Milton's account, ambition is Mrs. Clinton's great sin....Mrs. Clinton was no "little woman standing by her man"....there's a lot of emotional and moral terrain between Tammy Wynette and Lady Macbeth, and the truth of Hillary Clinton is probably somewhere within it.
The New York Times Book Review
A few months ago, in the fallow news cycle between the impeachment trial and the bombing of Serbia, there was a lot of media chatter about how the President would be viewed by future historians. Charismatic pioneer of "Third Way' politics or deceitful waffler? Effective domestic leader or neutered commander in need of some foreign policy Viagra? Brilliant policy wonk or hick governor caught unzippin' his doo-dah?

What always gets overlooked in this sort of speculation is an accomplishment that may prove to be Clinton's greatest legacy: his entertainment value. Imagine how boring the past seven years might have been without the unending intrigue that the entertainer-in-chief and his supporting cast have brought us. It's been a drama of operatic dimension, starting with that first weasely 60 Minutes interview during the '92 campaign and building up to Monica Lewinsky's appearance with Barbara Walters, when the fat lady sang. Throughout it all, Clinton has proven himself to be a bold new type of celebrity that no star-hungry citizen can resist. Any student of the Madonna school of fame knows that if you lack talent, you tweak your persona every few years to hold the public's attention. What's so brilliant about Clinton as a performer is that he embodies several personas simultaneously. The president's multiple-identity disorder becomes apparent after rifling through three new books that feature him.

Take Uncovering Clinton, Newsweek reporter Michael Isikoff's account of how he survived a one-man journalistic sally through the minefield that is the chief executive's sex life. Here, Clinton comes across as a dangerous shadowpresence, plotting and manipulating from a throne of treachery to cover his stains. As the reporter spins an entertaining investigative yarn out of the way he snagged the first interview with Paula Jones, hunted down several women who felt the president's pain, and sniffed out Linda Tripp (first impression: "a somewhat annoyed-looking, heavyset woman with disheveled hair') only to be upstaged by gossip hound Matt Drudge, Clinton emerges as a deeply flawed leader with no compunction about abusing his authority. Suspecting Clinton is a sexual predator allows the author to justify delving into such tawdry subject matter, one of many ethical dilemmas he mulls over for all of two seconds before resuming the hunt. Isikoff's compulsion to defend his dogged pursuit of a hot story reaches its hilarious nadir when he rebuts Lucianne Goldberg's complaint in her testimony that he ate more than his share of her gourmet pistachios at their first meeting: "It was late in the day and I was hungry.' Mostly, though, he spares us his whining and concentrates on presenting only the facts behind Slick Willy's indiscretions.

That's why Joyce Milton's The First Partner: Hillary Rodham Clinton is ultimately more fun to read—she's not afraid to dish. Trying to understand the freak show that is the Clintons' marriage from its shaky beginnings to its frigid present, the writer who previously has written biographies of Charlie Chaplin and Martin Luther King Jr. draws on a number of substantiated and unsubstantiated sources, like the juicy Arkansas state trooper stories. "I need to get fucked more than twice a year!' one of the troopers recalls Hillary shouting in an argument, and that seems to have been one of her better days. Her hubby comes across about the only way he can in the context of his married life—a bumbling, horny oaf. A far cry from Isikoff's schemer, this bubba couldn't finagle his way out of a Happy Meal.

Hillary is the brains of the operation, though she jeopardizes Bill's rise to power as much as she helps it. The ice maiden presented in Milton's pages is partially culpable for nearly every controversy of the Clintons' joint political life. When she's not mercilessly picking apart anything and everything about the First Lady, from her liberal activist roots to her White House Christmas tree decorations, Milton even blames her subject for helping to cover up the sexual indiscretions she's known about from the start of her relationship. A marriage of convenience? In a moment of rare sympathy for these two law-school grads brought and stuck together by measureless ambition, Milton points out all the damage they've done to each other and those around them, noting that there is "very little that could be called 'convenient' about the Clintons' marriage.'

After wallowing in the eight hundred pages of Arkansan depravity between these tomes, Dick Morris' guide to modern political survival, The New Prince, surprisingly proves to be the most upbeat of the three. Clinton's former political consultant uses his most famous client as his shining exemplar of the perfect politician—one who understands what the people want and gives it to them. While it seems unavoidable that sleaze would creep into the musings of a confirmed whoremonger updating Machiavelli by citing the career moves of the most publicly disgraced standing president of all time, the book takes a higher road.

Morris makes the assertion that the twenty-first century politician can only succeed by embracing idealism, being honest when faced with scandal, and stressing issues over image. However dubious his assertions, his predominately glowing references to that which Clinton has done right (balancing the budget, reforming welfare, ushering in an age of micro-proposals for improving the everyday minutiae of our lives) are pleasant reminders that there's no need to feel guilty about enjoying the Clinton Show.

The president, after all, has more or less done his job as effectively as any other chief executive, with an added bonus. Running the country well enough to keep his audience comfortable, Clinton has ensured we can enjoy his living theater of passion, betrayal and stupidity without distraction and free of charge. —Steve Wilson
Library Journal
Criticisms of the Clintons specified in George Stephanopoulos's All Too Human (LJ 4/15/99) pale in comparison to this damning indictment of "first victim" Hillary Clinton. Through thoroughly researched descriptions of the healthcare debacle, Whitewater, Travelgate, and diplomatic trips abroad, Milton (Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin, LJ 5/1/96) convincingly shows Hillary Clinton's leadership weaknesses. Ultimately, however, she presents a completely one-sided portrait, portraying the First Lady as a liberal ideolog who represents all that is bad about the Sixties--which to Milton seems to be everything. According to Milton, Hillary tolerates Bill Clinton's infidelities--her most significant accomplishment having been to save the President's career--because she views her years as First Lady as a springboard to her political future. Much of what is presented here was covered in Roger Morris's Partners in Power (LJ 8/96), although Milton does continue the Clinton saga into the second term. The dull and tendentious writing finally makes this an optional purchase. [Previewed in Prepub Alert, LJ 1/99.]--Karl Helicher, Upper Merion Twp. Lib., King of Prussia, PA Copyright 1999 Cahners Business Information.
This biography will undoubtedly not be the last analyzing the complex persona<-->feminist, attorney, "first victim," and possible NY Senate nominee<-->of this much admired/maligned First Lady. Despite dwelling on Bill Clinton's peccadillos, the author offers glimmers of insight into Hillary's motivations and relationship with him. The cover photo is the sole one. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknew.com)
Robin Toner
In Milton's account, ambition is Mrs. Clinton's great sin....Mrs. Clinton was no "little woman standing by [her] man"....there's a lot of emotional and moral terrain between Tammy Wynette and Lady Macbeth, and the truth of Hillary Clinton is probably somewhere within it.
The New York Times Book Review
Noemie Emery
...[T]he great Clinton drama [is] not about marriage or power or gender, but all about trade-offs and deals. What people give up, to get something they hope will be better....And there is the great drama of Hillary....She is no more than Bill Clinton's keeper, defined by the terms of their marriage. Today, Hillary Clinton seems to be attempting one last gamble...
The Weekly Standard
Byron York
[The] lack of access [to the first lady] is a crippling weakness of The First Partner. Ms. Milton is forced to rely largely on previously published reports...which are highly critical of the first lady...Inspite of its limitationsThe First Partner has its strong points. Among other things, Ms. Milton captures the contradictions of the first lady's best-selling book...[and] performs a useful service by reminding us of the earnest silliness of the Clinton years.
The Wall Street Journal
Kirkus Reviews
A biography of the First Lady that evaluates—mostly negatively—her performance as lawyer, politician, policy wonk, presidential advisor, as well as loyal and ambitious spouse. As Milton (Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin, 1996, etc.) sees her, Hillary Rodham Clinton is a shapeshifter, "rewriting the rules to suit whatever role [she] happens to be playing at the moment." Reworking generally familiar material, Milton takes hard-working and competitive Hillary through her Illinois elementary school and Girl Scout troop, high school and Wellesley College. Her commencement speech at Wellesley put her into the national spotlight for the first time (in a Life nagazine article about that year's "best and brightest"); at Yale Law school, Hillary met Bill Clinton, who would keep her in the spotlight. A good part of the book is devoted to the Clintons' life in Arkansas, sullied by Bill's philandering, Hillary's penchant for insulting the people of Arkansas, the growing complexities of what became the Whitewater financial scandal (described in confusing technicality), and their combined talent for blaming other people for mistakes. The basis of the Hubbell/Foster/MacDougal relationships are laid out as well. Once in the White House, according to the author, Hillary's demand to be a working First Lady and her general posture that people should accept what was best for them (by her standards) led to the health care fiasco, among other early disasters. Following the 1996 election, Hillary shifted her interest to the international scene, already planning for her post–White House years. It's uncertain, says the author, how the humiliation of the Lewinsky scandal will affect those plansor the Clintons' marriage, which has already survived so much. Throughout, the author questions Hillary's ethics, judgment, intelligence and abilities, and her manners. It is time for the pendulum to return to center regarding Hillary—she deserves neither her present sainted status nor her earlier Wicked Witch of the White House characterization—but this story, complex and detailed as it is, is more spiteful than informative.

Product Details

HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date:
Harper Perennial
Product dimensions:
5.31(w) x 8.00(h) x 1.03(d)

Read an Excerpt


The First Victim

When a woman with servants spends the weekend cleaning out her closets, it usually is not a good sign. And when Hillary Rodham Clinton told reporters that closet cleaning and hearing a good sermon at church had been the highlights of the past few days she was, by her standards, baring her soul. That Saturday, January 17, 1997, her husband had given a six-hour deposition to lawyers representing Paula Corbin Jones in her sexual harassment case.Although the Clintons did their best to put up a show of unconcern, anyone who knew William Jefferson Clinton realized that for him to testify under oath about his sexual history was a very bad idea indeed. How this no-win situation was allowed to come about ranks as the greatest mystery of the political partnership of Bill and Hillary Rodham Clinton, which had proved in so many other ways to be a resounding success.

Certainly, it didn't take a Yale-trained lawyer to recognize that there were other options. Even a young Pentagon employee named Monica Lewinsky, who would never be accused of being politically astute, recognized that the Jones case cried out for a settlement, regardless of its merits. In the months before Clinton's deposition was taken, Lewinsky and her Pentagon colleague Linda Tripp thrashed out scenarios that would lead to an out-of-court resolution, thus solving both the President's problem and theirs. As Lewinsky saw it, the imperative was clear. "The American people elected him," she reminded Tripp, "so let him do his stupid job. You know?"

One "game plan" laid out by Lewinsky assigned a key role to Hillary Rodham Clinton: The First Lady would go on the Larry King show, havinglet it be known that she was prepared to take a question about the Jones case. When asked, Hillary "would respond emotionally. It's hard to see something we don't see from her often," Lewinsky mused. Hillary would then say, "The country is being robbed of its time that the President spends on other issues. They wish it would simply be settled. It's been hard on our family. I would like nothing more than for this to be a non-issue in our lives and in the lives of the American people."

His wife having cleared the way, Bill Clinton could appear the next morning with press spokesman Mike McCurry at his side and make a brief announcement, saying that for the sake of his family and the country he had decided to give Paula Jones the apology she was demanding and settle the lawsuit. It would be "sort of a gallant statement, Monica thought, and given Bill Clinton's high poll ratings, "a two week story," maybe "a three week story" at most.

This was not, however, the scenario the Clintons chose to follow. The Jones deposition might be a minefield, salted with booby traps, but they had negotiated treacherous territory before and survived. Several women who had indicated that they might be prepared to cooperate with Paula Jones's attorneys had already reneged. Notably, Kathleen Willey, an attractive widow appointed by the President to the United Service Organization's Board of Governors, and her friend Julie Steele had backed off from a story earlier reported in Newsweek that the President had fondled Willey and placed her hand on his genitals when she visited the Oval Office one day in November 1993 to ask him for a job.

There were still a few witnesses who might pose problems for Bill Clinton, among them Linda Tripp, who had told Newsweek reporter Mike Isikoff that she saw Willey emerge from the Oval Office that day, disheveled and apparently "joyful" over being the object of thePresident's advances. Like numerous other female career employees in the West Wing of the White House, Tripp resented the way jobs had been doled out to women who caught the President's eye, and she was furious that Willey, who hadn't been too proud to take the appointment offered her, would be presented to the world as a victim. From Tripp's point of view, her statement to Isikoff had not only been the truth, it happened to defend Bill Clinton against the charge that he was a sexual harasser.

This, of course, was not the way the President's advisors saw it, and as the Jones deposition approached, Tripp had become the object of unusual attention from the White House. Not only had she been summoned to a meeting with presidential aide Bruce Lindsey, but by November 1997, Norma Asnes, a wealthy Democratic contributor and friend of Hillary Rodham Clinton, had begun to take a friendly interest in her. Asnes had invited Tripp to join a party she was getting together for a cruise on a chartered boat the following summer, and she talked of helping her find a better job outside of the government. It seems strange that a wealthy, well-connected woman like Norma Asnes would befriend a midlevel civil servant like Linda Tripp, who distinctly was not the social butterfly type. Tripp thought so too, and when she raised the question with Asnes, her new friend told her, "I like to be mentally stimulated. I like to enjoy the people I'm with. I like them to be articulate, bright, and mentally stimulating. They don't have to be at my level. It doesn't matter if they're not millionaires."

Far from finding this reassuring, Tripp was insulted. "So I'm one of the plebeians," she told Lewinsky, and was more wary of Asnes's offers than ever. "I hate to sound like a skeptic. But--why? I mean, we don't know each other that well."

Whatever was going on here, Linda Tripp stubbornly refused to be charmed. But in the fall of 1997, she could hardly be considered a serious threat to the President's defense. After all, she hadn't actually witnessed anything, and the White House was unaware of her friendship with Monica Lewinsky. The first hint that Paula Jones's attorneys might have a few surprises in store for the President came a week before Christmas when Lewinsky, an ex-White House intern, told the President's friend Vernon Jordan that she, too, had been subpoenaed. Worse news yet, unlike some plain vanilla subpoenas served on other women connected with the case, Monica's summons specifically mentioned certain gifts she had received from Bill Clinton, including a brooch, a hat pin and a book. This was an obvious signal that the Jones lawyers had inside information about Clinton's relationship with Lewinsky, and if ever there was a time to panic, this was it. But the President still wasn't ready to tell his attorney Bob Bennett that the time had come to settle the case. By January 17, 1998, the day of the deposition, Lewinsky had signed an affidavit denying that she'd had sexual relations with the President, and the gifts in question had been returned to Clinton's private secretary, Betty Currie. Even if Lewinsky told the Jones lawyers a different story, it would seem that she was now a tainted witness, with nothing to back up any charges she might make.

After the deposition, Bill and Hillary had planned to show the world a united front by going out to dinner at a Washington restaurant. But the day proved to be a lot tougher than the President had expected. The questions the Jones attorneys asked left no doubt that they not only knew about the gifts the President had given Lewinsky, they knew that Lewinsky -- referred to for the purposes of the lawsuit as 'Jane Doe #6" -- had visited the White House more than three dozen times after her transfer to a job at the Pentagon, ostensibly to see Betty Currie, and they knew that United Nations Ambassador Bill Richardson had offered her a job in New York.

The Clintons did not dine out on Saturday evening. And by the time they retired for the night, there was more bad news. The Drudge Report, the Internet gossip sheet loathed but avidly followed at the White House, was reporting that Newsweekhad the intern story but had decided to spike it just minutes before its deadline. Drudge did not disclose Lewinksy's name, but he mentioned the existence of tapes of "intimate phone conversations." This can only have sent a shudder through Clinton, who'd had phone sex with Lewinsky on several occasions.

But what about Hillary Rodham Clinton? Had she known about Monica Lewinsky?The President's dalliance was not exactly unknown inside the walls of the White House. Members of the Secret Service had recognized Lewinsky as the President's mistress and took bets on the timing of her visits to the Oval Office, and Hillary's own deputy chief of staff; Evelyn Lieberman, had been worried enough about Lewinsky's knack for getting close to Bill Clinton to have her transferred from the White House to the Pentagon. Lewinsky, devastated that Clinton had "changed the rules" of their relationship, believed his promise that he would find her another White House job after the 1996 elections, but Linda Tripp heard from a friend who worked for the National Security Council that Lewinsky was persona non grata at the White House and would never be allowed to come back.

Still, it is possible that Hillary was unaware of all this at the time. Monica Lewinsky was by no means the only woman whose relationship with the President had been the subject of gossip, and her youth and obvious crush on Bill Clinton made her easier to dismiss than most. Just as a woman married to a compulsive gambler isn't necessarily interested in knowing the names of the horses he's lost money on, Hillary knew her husband's weaknesses too well to take an avid interest in the details. Indeed, her loyal staff made an effort to shield her from rumors.As Hillary would tell it, the first she heard of the Monica Lewinsky situation was on Wednesday morning, January 21, the day the story broke in The Washington Post, when her husband woke her from a sound sleep and told her, "You're not going to believe this, but -- I want to tell you what's in the newspapers." Washington insiders had been following Matt Drudge's bulletins on the breaking story for four days, but to Hillary "this came as a very big surprise."

Copyright ) 1999 by Joyce Milton

Meet the Author

Joyce Milton is the author of Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin and several other books. She is also the coauthor of The Rosenberg File. She lives in Brooklyn, New York.

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