First Peoples: A Documentary Survey of American Indian History / Edition 4

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First Peoples’ distinctive approach continues to make it the bestselling and most highly acclaimed text for the American Indian history survey. Respected scholar Colin G. Calloway provides a solid foundation grounded in timely scholarship and a narrative that brings a largely untold history to students. The signature “docutext” format of First Peoples strikes the ideal balance, combining in every chapter a compelling narrative and rich written and visual documents from Native and non-Native voices alike. An expansion by two full chapters presents a more diverse and nuanced picture of the history of Native peoples in America. Read the preface.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"A remarkable achievement. Colin Calloway illustrates through Native art and words the views, beliefs, policies and lifestyles that characterized a myriad of individual nations and groups. In First Peoples, the Indian peoples' many and rich histories come alive."

-- James E. Sherow, Kansas State University

"First Peoples offers a balanced look at a difficult and complex past and tells the story of Native-U.S. relations with sophistication and subtlety."

-- José Antonio Brandão, Western Michigan University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312653620
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 8/23/2011
  • Edition description: Fourth Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 768
  • Sales rank: 30,396
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Colin G. Calloway is John Kimball Jr. 1943 Professor of History and Professor of Native American Studies at Dartmouth College. He served for two years as associate director and editor at the D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian at the Newberry Library in Chicago and taught for seven years at the University of Wyoming. Professor Calloway has written many books on Native American history, including White People, Indians, and Highlanders: Tribal Peoples and Colonial Encounters in Scotland and America; The Shawnees and the War for America; The Scratch of a Pen: 1763 and the Transformation of North America; One Vast Winter Count: The Native American West Before Lewis and Clark; and two books for the Bedford Series in History and Culture: Our Hearts Fell to  the Ground: Plains Indians Views of How the West Was Lost, and The World Turned Upside Down: Indian Voices from Early America.

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Table of Contents

Maps, Tables, and Charts

Perspectives on the Past
America’s Master Narrative
Indian History: A Shared Past
Working with Sources
A Note on Name Usage and Geographic Focus


Determining What Came Before
  Precontact Population
  Creation Stories and Migration Theories
  Debates over Native Origins
Glimpses of Precontact Societies
  West Coast Affluence
  Columbia Plateau Fishers
  Great Basin Foragers
  First Buffalo Hunters of the Plains
  First Farmers of the Southwest
  Farmers and Mound Builders of the Eastern Woodlands
  Emerging Tribes and Confederacies
Seaborne Strangers
  The Prophesied Arrival
A Navajo Emergence Story
  HASTIN TLO’TSI HEE, The Beginning
Corn and Game: Women and Men in Cherokee Society
   Kana'ti and Selu
The Iroquois Great League of Peace
  CHIEFS OF THE SIX NATIONS, The Laws of the Confederacy (1900)
PICTURE ESSAY: Early American Towns and Cities
  The Ruins of Pueblo Bonito
  Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde
  Taos Pueblo
  Cahokia Mounds, c. A.D. 1150–1200
  JOHN WHITE, Indian Village of Secoton (1585)
Suggested Readings
First Contacts and Mutual Appraisals
  Native America through the European Lens
  Enduring Images
Columbian Exchanges
  Changing New World Landscapes
  Biological Catastrophes
Indians Confront the Spanish
  A Mission for Gold and God
  Conquest of the Aztecs
  Searching for Other Empires
  North American Attempts to Colonize and Christianize
  The Pueblo War of Independence
Indians Confront the French
  Commerce and Conflict
  Pelts and Priests
Indians Confront the English
  Securing a Beachhead in Virginia 
  Making a New England
  King Philip’s War
A Narrative of the de Soto Invasion

  RODRIGO RANGEL AND GONZALO FERNÁNDEZ DE OVIEDO, Account of the Northern Conquest and Discovery of Hernando de Soto (c. 1546)
An Indian Explanation of the Pueblo Revolt
  Declaration of the Indian Juan (1681)
Jesuits and Hurons in New France
  JEAN DE BRÉBEUF, The Mission to the Hurons (1635–37)
A Mi'kmaq Questions French “Civilization”
  CHRESTIEN LECLERQ, A Mi'kmaq Responds to the French (1677)
Metacomet Explains the Causes of “King Philip’s War”
  JOHN EASTON, A Relacion of the Indyan Warre (1675)
PICTURE ESSAY: Indian Depictions of the Invaders
  A Tlaxcalan Depiction of Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán’s Conquest of Northwestern Mexico, c. 1530
Spaniards on Horseback
  George Washington Covenant Wampum Belt, c. 1790
  Haidi Carving of a Missionary, c. 1877
  Haidi Argillite Figure Group, c. 1850
  JONATHAN WARM DAY, The Last Supper (1991)
Suggested Readings

Economic and Cultural Exchanges

  Indians in Colonial Societies
  Colonists in Indian Societies
Fur Trades and Slave Trades
  The Impact of the Fur Trade 
  The Cost of the Fur Trade
  Indian Slavery
Diplomacy in Colonial America
  The Language and Lessons of Diplomacy
  Attempts at Diplomatic Balance
Wars for America
  A World Transformed by War
  The French and English War
  Division within Tribal Communities
  Captives Taken, Captives Returned
Responses to Change in the West: Indian Power on the Plains
  Horses Transform the Plains
  Jostling for Position on the Plains
  At the Confluence of Guns and Horses
  European Competitors on the Southern Plains
The Treaty of Lancaster

  CANASATEGO, Speeches at the Treaty of Lancaster (1744)
The Abenakis Defy the English
  ATEAWANETO, Speech Resisting Colonial Expansion (1752)
A Captive with the Senecas
MARY JEMISON (DICKEWAMIS), A Narrative of Her Life (1824)
War and Diplomacy in the Southwest
  DON TOMÁS VÉLEZ CACHUPÍN, Instructions of Don Tomás Vélez Cachupín (1754)
PICTURE ESSAY: Atlantic Travelers: Indians in Eighteenth-Century London
  JOHN VERELST, Tee Yee Neen Ho Ga Row (Hendrick, “Emperor of the Six Nations”) (c. 1710)
  ISAAC BASIRE, Seven Cherokees (1730)
  WILLIAM VERELST, The Common Council of Georgia Receiving the Indian Chiefs (1734–35)
  FRANCIS PARSONS, Cunne Shote (1762)
  JONATHAN SPILSBURY, after Mason Chamberlin, The Reverend Mr. Samson Occom (1768)
Suggested Readings

Worlds Turned Upside Down

  Pontiac’s War: Indians Confront New Empires
  Attempting to Draw a Line
Indians and the American Revolution
  Indian Loyalties Divided
  Treaties of Peace and Conquest
Indians Confront an Expanding Nation
  The United States Develops an Indian — and a Land — Policy
  Indians Build a United Defense
Upheavals in the West
  Colliding Empires on the Southern Plains
  California Missions
  The Pacific Northwest Pelt Rush
  Smallpox Used Them Up
The Revolution Comes to the Cherokees
  HENRY STUART, Report from Cherokee Country (1776)
Memories of War and Smallpox
  SAUKAMAPPEE, “We knew nothing until it brought death among us” (1787–88)
An Indian Solution to the Conflict over Indian Lands
  WESTERN INDIANS, Message to the Commissioners of the United States (1793)
PICTURE ESSAY: Northwest Coast Indians on the Brink: The Drawings of John Webber
  JOHN WEBBER, A View in Ship Cove, Nootka Sound (1778)
  JOHN WEBBER, Interior of Habitation at Nootka Sound (1778)
  JOHN WEBBER, A Woman of Nootka Sound (1778)
  JOHN WEBBER, A Man of Nootka Sound (1778)
  JOHN WEBBER, A Woman of Prince William’s Island (1778)
  JOHN WEBBER, A Man of Oonalashka (1778)
Suggested Readings
Accommodating and Resisting Change

  Adapting to New Ways
  The Last Phases of United Indian Resistance
Lewis and Clark in Indian Country
  Encounters on the Missouri
  Over the Mountains and Back
Indian Removals
  Roots of the Removal Policy
  The Cherokee Resistance
  Implementing Removal in the South
  Removal in the North
  Surviving behind the Frontier
A Double Homicide at Two Medicine
  MERIWETHER LEWIS, An Account of His Fight with the Blackfeet (1806)
Cherokee Women Oppose Land Sales and Removals
  CHEROKEE WOMEN, Petition (May 2, 1817) and Petition (June 30, 1818)
Foundations of Federal Indian Law and a Native Response
  JOHN MARSHALL, Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia (1831) and Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
  JOHN ROSS, Reactions to Worcester v. Georgia: Letter to Richard Taylor, John Baldridge, Sleeping Rabbit, Sicketowee, and Wahachee (April 28, 1832)
Race, Class, and History in Nineteenth-Century New England
  WILLIAM APESS, An Indian’s Looking Glass for the White Man (1833)
PICTURE ESSAY: Indian Life on the Upper Missouri: A Catlin/Bodmer Portfolio
  KARL BODMER, The Interior of the Hut of a Mandan Chief
  Diagram of the Interior of an Earth Lodge
  GEORGE CATLIN, Mint, a Pretty Girl
  KARL BODMER, Pehriska-Ruhpa, Moennitarri Warrior, in the Costume of the Dog Danse
  GEORGE CATLIN, Pigeon’s Egg Head (The Light) Going to and Returning from Washington
Suggested Readings

Invaders from the East: Incursions before the American Civil War

  The Ravages of Disease
  Ethnic Cleansing in Texas, c. 1836–48
  American Empire Reaches the Pacific, 1846–56
  Opening Clashes on the Plains, 1851–56
Wars and Treaties, 1861–74
  Indian Experiences during the American Civil War
  Final Treaties and Ongoing Conflicts, 1866–74
Land Seizure and Removal to Reservations
  Battles for Sacred Lands and Homelands, 1875–78
  The End of Apache Resistance
Different Strategies for Survival
  Indian Scouts and Allies
  Return of the Prophets
Sixty Years of Kiowa History
  The Dohasan Calendar (1832–92)
Protection and Exploitation in the State of California
  An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians (April 22, 1850)
The Treaty of Fort Laramie and the Struggle for the Black Hills
  IRON SHELL, Brulé Sioux, “We want you to take away the forts from the country.” (April 28, 1868)
  ONE HORN, Miniconjou, “This is our land, and yet you blame us for fighting for it.” (May 27, 1868)
  Treaty with the Sioux — Brulé, Oglala, Miniconjou, Yanktonai, Hunkpapa, Blackfeet, Cuthead, Two Kettle, Sans Arcs, and Santee — and Arapaho (1868)
Chief Joseph’s Plea for Freedom
  CHIEF JOSEPH, An Indian’s View of Indian Affairs (1879)
PICTURE ESSAY: The Battle of the Little Bighorn in Myth and History
  WILLIAM CAREY, The Death Struggle of General Custer (1876)
  Custer’s Last Stand (1904)
  They Died with Their Boots On (1941)
  Little Big Man (1970)
  Lakotas Fighting Custer’s Command
  Custer’s Dead Cavalry
Suggested Readings
Americanizing the American Indian
  Policies of Detribalization
  Resistance Takes New Forms
  The Dawes Allotment Act (1887)
  Indian Territory Becomes Oklahoma
The Educational Assault on Indian Children
  Removing Children from the Tribe
  Life in the Schools
  Surviving the Schools, Using the Education
  The Two Worlds of Ohiyesa and Charles Eastman
Native Americans Enter the Twentieth Century
  “I Still Live”: Indians in American Society
  Cultural Expression and the American Way
  A New Generation of Leaders
  Soldiers and Citizens
  Indian Affairs on the Eve of the Great Depression
Dismantling Tribes and Their Homelands
  MERRILL E. GATES, From the Seventeenth Annual Report of the Board of Indian Commissioners (1885)
An Indian View of the Indian Bureau
  CARLOS MONTEZUMA, What Indians Must Do (1914)
Sioux School Experiences
  LUTHER STANDING BEAR, What a School Could Have Been Established (1933)
  ZITKALA-ŠA, The Melancholy of Those Black Days (1921)
PICTURE ESSAY: The Fort Marion Artists
  HOWLING WOLF, Cheyenne Warrior Striking an Enemy
  Courtship Scene
  PAUL CARYL ZOTOM, On the Parapet of Ft. Marion Next Day after Arrival (c. 1875)
  Distribution of Goods
  CHIEF KILLER, Education of the Fort Marion Prisoners (1875–78)
  WOHAW, Self-Portrait, c. 1876–77
Suggested Readings

A New Era in Indian Affairs?
  John Collier and the Indian New Deal
  The Indian Reorganization Act
  Opposing and Disputing the IRA
  Indians and World War II
  The Indian Claims Commission
  Removing the Government’s Trust Responsibilities
  Relocation and Urban Indians
  Drowning Homelands
A Younger Generation Responds
  Upheaval in America
  The Rise of Indian Militancy
Two Views of the Indian Reorganization Act
  JOHN COLLIER, An “Indian Renaissance,” from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (1935)
  ROBERT BURNETTE AND JOHN KOSTER, A Blueprint for Elected Tyranny (1974)
Indians in the Cities
  ANONYMOUS, Life in the City: Chicago (c. 1970)
  IGNATIA BROKER, Brought to a Brotherhood (1983)
Documents of Indian Militancy
  CLYDE WARRIOR, “We Are Not Free”: From Testimony before the President’s National Advisory Commission on Rural Poverty (1967)
  INDIANS OF ALL TRIBES, Proclamation to the Great White Father and to All His People (1969)
PICTURE ESSAY: Indians and World War II
  Banning the Swastika
  Iroquois Declare War on the Axis Powers on the Steps of the U.S. Capitol
  Indian Women in the Marine Corps Reserve
  Navajo Code Talkers
  Flag Raising at Iwo Jima
  QUINCY TAHOMA, First Furlough (1943)
Suggested Readings
New Policies, New Militancy

  The American Indian Movement
  Siege at Wounded Knee
  Legacies of Wounded Knee
From Paternalism to Partnership
  Protecting Women’s Reproductive Rights
  Regaining Rights: Child Welfare and Religious Freedom
Taking Back Education and Bringing Home Ancestors
  Indian Education for Indian Students
The Struggle for Natural Resources
  Coal, Uranium, and Oil
  Fighting For and Against Water
Sovereignty Goes to Court
  Victories for Tribal Rights
  Chipping Away at Tribal Sovereignty
A Woman’s View from Wounded Knee

  MARY CROW DOG, I Would Have My Baby at Wounded Knee (1991)
The Supreme Court and Tribal Sovereignty
  SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe (1978)
Tribal Colleges: Indian Education for Indian People
  THE CARNEGIE FOUNDATION, From Tribal Colleges: Shaping the Future of Native America (1989)
Indian Leadership at the End of the Twentieth Century
  VINE DELORIA, JR., The Popularity of Being Indian: A New Trend in Contemporary American Society (1984)
  WILMA MANKILLER, Returning the Balance (1993)
PICTURE ESSAY: Indian Artists Depict Modern Indian Life
  MARCUS AMERMAN, The Gathering (1997)
  T. C. CANNON, Collector #5, or Man in Wicker Chair (c. 1975)
  HARRY FONSECA, Coyote Woman in the City (1979)
  DAVID BRADLEY, American Gothic, Ghost Dancers (2009)
  KAY WALKINGSTICK, You’re not an Indian, you weren’t born on the reservation (1993)
Suggested Readings

A Twenty-First-Century Renaissance

  The Census: An Evolving Profile of Indian America
  Who Is an Indian?
  “Recognized” and “Nonrecognized” Tribes
  Old Stereotypes and New Images
A New Era in Washington?
  Changes at the BIA
  A New Museum
  A New Embassy and a New “White Father”
Self-Rule and Self-Help
  Nations, Not Minorities
  Triple Citizens
Homelands or Wastelands
  Nuclear Waste in Indian Country
  The Earth Hurts
Building Prosperity in Indian Country
  Economic Success through Sovereignty
  Gaming: A Devil’s Bargain?
Building Well Nations
  Confronting Drugs and Alcohol
  Balancing Ways of Healing
  Preserving Language and Culture
Playing Indian and Fighting Mascots
  TIM GIAGO, Mascots, Spirituality, and Insensitivity (1991)
  S. L. PRICE, The Indian Wars (2002)
Justice in Indian Country
  CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERT YAZZIE, Life Comes from It: Navajo Justice (1994)
  N. BRUCE DUTHU, Broken Justice in Indian Country (2008)
U.S.–Indian Relations on a World Stage
  GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (September 13, 2007)
PICTURE ESSAY: Tribal Sovereignty in Action
  Pawnee Nation Flag
  Tribal Police
  Navajo Supreme Court
  Cheyenne Arapaho License Plate
  Iroquois Passport
  Language Preservation – Phraselator
Suggested Readings

Appendix I. General Reference Works
Appendix II. Film Resources

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