Fiscal Policy and Social Welfare: An Analysis of Alternative Tax and Transfer Systems

Overview

Drawing on original research, this volume concentrates on the modelling of tax structures and the implications for social welfare and income distribution. After reviewing various inequality and tax progressivity measures, as well as social welfare functions, the discussion moves systematically from a framework with fixed labour supplies to one in which labour supplies respond to the changes in the tax system. Attention is given to taxes in a multi-period context, including the treatment of pension schemes. ...
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Overview

Drawing on original research, this volume concentrates on the modelling of tax structures and the implications for social welfare and income distribution. After reviewing various inequality and tax progressivity measures, as well as social welfare functions, the discussion moves systematically from a framework with fixed labour supplies to one in which labour supplies respond to the changes in the tax system. Attention is given to taxes in a multi-period context, including the treatment of pension schemes. Finally, the analysis is extended to a general equilibrium framework involving many individuals. Extensive use is made of numerical examples and diagrams. Researchers, students and policy makers will welcome this rigorous and consistent treatment of alternative tax and transfer systems and their effects on social welfare, income distribution and tax progressivity, in both partial and general equilibrium contexts.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A systematic treatment of tax and transfer systems models and their redistributive effects, illustrating fixed pre-tax income distributions, fixed wage rate distributions, and the general equilibrium framework. Creedy (economics, U. of Melbourne) reviews various inequality and tax progressivity schemes, as well as social welfare functions and pension measures, demonstrating a continuum that moves from a framework with fixed labor supplies to one in which labor supplies respond to the changes in the tax system. Includes extensive numerical examples and diagrams. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781858982465
  • Publisher: Elgar, Edward Publishing, Inc.
  • Publication date: 1/1/1996
  • Pages: 272

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
Acknowledgements
1 Introduction 1
2 Some preliminaries 4
3 Redistribution and progressivity 25
4 Income taxation 38
5 Taxes and transfers combined 57
6 Taxes and transfers over the life-cycle 72
7 Financing state pensions 89
8 Means-tested versus universal transfers 102
9 Taxation and labour supply 121
10 The government's budget constraint 140
11 Equity and efficiency 151
12 Two-period models 167
13 Voting over tax schedules 192
14 Taxation in general equilibrium 205
15 A two-sector model 218
16 Income distribution in general equilibrium 236
References 251
Index 29
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