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Fitness & Health-7th Edition / Edition 7

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The completely revised seventh edition of Fitness & Health offers a comprehensive understanding of the exercise–health relationship and provides a framework for attaining health and fitness goals. This one-stop handbook for students and fitness professionals explores the physiology and benefits of fitness while also providing information and tools for improving health and wellness. Authors Brian J. Sharkey and Steven E. Gaskill have 60 years of combined experience in the field, as evidenced in the depth of content and accessible style of writing. The book aims not only to educate but also to inspire the audience to put the suggested methods into practice and have a positive effect on their quality of life.

Fitness & Health, Seventh Edition, includes fresh, new content and has been restructured to enhance the educational experience:

• An entirely new chapter detailing behavior change, helping readers better understand the psychology of activity and how to modify individual behaviors using documented strategies

• A revised chapter on the physiology of fitness to help readers grasp the science behind aerobic and muscular fitness

• Proven methods for achieving aerobic and muscular fitness, plus strategies for exercising in high heat and humidity, extreme cold, high altitude, and environments with low air quality

• New information on physical activity and brain health that shows how an active life improves learning, higher-order brain processes, and academic achievement

• A detailed explanation of the Exercise is Medicine movement that highlights the benefits of regular physical activity in terms of improving quality of life and reducing health risks

Students will excel with chapter summaries of content for easier review and tables and figures that organize information for quick reference. The seventh edition also includes special elements to highlight interesting content on health and fitness, including important health behaviors, testing procedures, and proven fitness programs. In addition, instructors benefit from the inclusion of new ancillaries containing an instructor guide complete with lab activities, a test package, and a presentation package plus image bank.

With Fitness & Health, students learn the body’s response to exercise and acquire strategies for motivating themselves or others to commit to an active and healthy life. The book explains how the body responds to physical activity; why physical activity is beneficial to health; and how physical activity can help people increase aerobic and muscular fitness, achieve and maintain a healthy weight, enhance performance in work and sport, and improve vitality.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736099370
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 3/14/2013
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 445
  • Sales rank: 668,532
  • Product dimensions: 8.49 (w) x 10.97 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Brian J. Sharkey, PhD, has nearly 40 years of experience as a leading fitness researcher, educator, and author. Sharkey served as director of the University of Montana’s Human Performance Laboratory for many years and remains associated with the university and lab as professor emeritus. He also served as a consultant with the U.S. Forest Service in the areas of fitness, health, and work capacity.

Sharkey is a fellow and past president of the American College of Sports Medicine and has served on the board of trustees. He served on the NCAA committee on competitive safeguards and medical aspects of sports, where he chaired the Sports Science and Safety subcommittee, which uses research and data on injury to improve the safety of intercollegiate athletes. Sharkey also coordinated the U.S. Ski Team Nordic Sportsmedicine Council. In 2009, Sharkey recevied the Fire Safety Award from the International Association of Wildland Firefighters.

Sharkey and his wife, Anne, reside in Missoula, Montana. He enjoys hiking, paddling, cycling, and both cross-country and downhill skiing.

Steven E. Gaskill, PhD, is a professor in the department of health and human performance at the University of Montana. His research interests include the relationship of physical activity to cognitive functioning in children; submaximal aerobic fitness and its relationship to work capacity and chronic disease; and long-duration work and exercise fitness as related to fitness, fatige, immune function, and cognitive performance. Gaskill has published over 40 articles in referred journals, presented his reasearch at numerous conferences, and authored three books.

Gaskill worked for the U.S. ski team for 10 years as head coach of the Nordic combined (ski jumping and cross-country skiing) and cross-country teams and as director of the coaches’ educational programs. He has coached at three Olympic Games, and 20 skiers who have trained under him have competed in the Olympics. In 1992, the U.S. Ski Association named him the U.S. Cross-Country Coach of the Year.

Gaskill enjoys backpacking, tennis, mountain biking, cross-country skiing, fishing, and mountaineering. Serious about the active life, he continues to be active year round with his wife, Kathy

Sharkey and Gaskill also coauthored Sport Physiology for Coaches (Human Kinetics, 2006).

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Table of Contents

Part I. Physical Activity, Fitness, and Health

Chapter 1. Health Benefits of Activity and Fitness

Activity Reduces the Risk of Coronary Artery Disease

Activity Reduces the Risk of Chronic Diseases

Activity Increases Longevity


Chapter 2. Mental and Cognitive Health: A Sound Mind in a Sound Body

Activity Reduces Anxiety and Depression

Activity Minimizes Stress

Activity Improves Cognitive Health

Activity as a Positive Addiction


Chapter 3. Activity and Personal Health Assessment: It’s Your Responsibility

Functions of Health Screening and Early Detection

Annual Medical Examination

Cholesterol Screening

Pre-Exercise Medical Examination

Evaluating the Risks of Activity

Individual Health Risk Analysis


Part II. Turning Your Life Around

Chapter 4. Psychology of Activity: Learning to Play



Goal Setting

Setting Your Preference to Exertion


Chapter 5. Behavior Change: Gaining Control

Activity in Modern Society

Barriers to Physical Activity

Environment and Behavior

Stages of Behavioral Change

Behavior Modification Strategies

Positive Behavior Maintenance

Relapse Solutions

Visualization Strategies


Chapter 6. Meaningful Activity: Lifetime Vitality

Meaningful Physical Activity

Incorporating Purposeful Activity into Daily Living

Environment and Purposeful Activity

Aging and Activity

Health Habits for Longevity

Personality Attributes for Longevity

Age and Performance


Part III. Understanding Fitness

Chapter 7. Physiology of Fitness: Muscles, Energy, and Oxygen

Muscle Contractions

Energy Sources

Energy for Contractions

Supply and Support Systems

Genetic Responses to Exercise


Chapter 8. Aerobic Fitness: Stamina and Efficiency

Aerobic Exercise

Aerobic Fitness

Aerobic Training Effects

Aerobic Training and Muscle Function

Aerobic Training and Body Composition

Aerobic Training and the Skeletal System

Training Supply and Support

Specificity of Training

Aerobic Fitness Field Tests


Chapter 9. Muscular Fitness: Strength and Endurance

Muscular Strength

Muscular Endurance




Agility and Skill


Benefits of Muscular Fitness

Strength Training Effects

Endurance Training Effects

Methods of Training

Muscle Soreness

Force–Velocity Relationship

Preload and Elastic Recoil

Core Training

Muscular Fitness Field Tests


Part IV. Improving Fitness

Chapter 10. Aerobic Fitness Training: Steps for Success

Fitness Prescription

Training Tips

Aerobic Fitness Options

Exercise Risks

Sample Aerobic Fitness Prescriptions


Chapter 11. Muscular Fitness Training: Lifetime Mobility

Muscular Strength Fitness Prescription

Muscular Endurance Fitness Prescription

Sample Muscular Fitness Prescriptions


Part V. Activity and Weight Control

Chapter 12. Energy and Nutrition: Fuel for the Active Life


Dietary Guidelines

Energy Intake

Energy Expenditure

Calculating Caloric Intake

Estimating Caloric Expenditure

Diet and Performance


Chapter 13. Weight Control: More Than Calories Count

Overweight and Obesity

Measuring Body Fat

Ideal Body Weight

Activity and Weight Control

Exercise Prescription for Weight Control

Adopting a Healthy Diet

Weight-Control Fallacies

Sensible Weight Gain


Part VI. Performance

Chapter 14. Training: Athletic Performance

Training Principles

Training Fallacies

Designing Your Training Program

Periodizing Your Training Program

Psychology of Performance



Fitness and Work


Chapter 15. Environment: Acclimate, Then Perform

Regulating Temperature

Exercising in the Heat

Exercising in the Cold

Exercising at Altitude

Avoiding the Effects of Air Pollution


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