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Five Years After: The Long-Term Effects of Welfare-to-Work Programs

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Friedlander and Burtless teach us why welfare reform will not be easy. Their sobering assessment of job training programs willenlighten a debate too often dominated by wishful thinking and political rhetoric. Look for their findings to be cited for many years to come. ?Douglas Besharov, American Enterprise Institute

A methodologically astute study that sheds considerable light on the potential for and limits to raising the employment and earnings of welfare recipients and ...

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Overview

Friedlander and Burtless teach us why welfare reform will not be easy. Their sobering assessment of job training programs willenlighten a debate too often dominated by wishful thinking and political rhetoric. Look for their findings to be cited for many years to come. —Douglas Besharov, American Enterprise Institute

A methodologically astute study that sheds considerable light on the potential for and limits to raising the employment and earnings of welfare recipients and provides benchmarks against which the impacts of later programs can be compared. —Journal of Economic Literature

With welfare reforms tested in almost every state and plans for a comprehensive federal overall on the horizon, it is increasingly important for Americans to understand how policy changes are likely to affect the lives of welfare recipients. Five Years After tells the story of what happened to the welfare recipients who participated in the influential welfare-to-work experiments conducted by several states in the mid-1980s.The authors review the distinctive goals and procedures of evaluations performed in Arkansas, Baltimore, San Diego, and Virginia, and then examine five years of follow-up data to determine whether the initial positive impact on employment, earnings, and welfare costs held up over time. The results were surprisingly consistent. Low-cost programs that saved money by getting individuals into jobs quickly did little to reduce poverty in the long run. Only higher-cost educational programs enabled welfare recipients to hold down jobs successfully and stay off welfare.

Five Years After ends speculation about the viability of the first generation of employment programs for welfare recipients, delineates the hard choices that must be made among competing approaches, and provides a well-documented foundation for building more comprehensive programs for the next generation. A sobering tale for welfare reformers of all political persuasions, this book poses a serious challenge to anyone who promises to end welfare dependency by cutting welfare budgets.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The results of a study by the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation of selected state welfare-to-work programs, analyzing the long-term consequences of large-scale employment programs for welfare recipients using data from evaluations performed in Baltimore, San Diego, Virginia, and Arkansas. Reviews the goals and procedures of the programs, and examines their impact on employment, earnings, and welfare costs. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780871542663
  • Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
  • Publication date: 12/1/1994
  • Pages: 244

Meet the Author

DANIEL FRIEDLANDER is senior research associate at the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation.

GARY BURTLESS is senior fellow in the economic studies program at The Brookings Institution.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments
1 Findings of This Study 1
2 Goals of This Study 37
3 Analysis Issues, Programs, Data 45
4 Program Impacts on Earnings and AFDC 69
5 Patterns of Employment and Earnings 103
6 AFDC Case Closure and AFDC Recidivism 149
7 Interpreting the Empirical Findings 191
References 209
Appendix 213
Index 217
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