Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites / Edition 1

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Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites takes a comprehensive look at polymer nanocomposites for flame retardancy applications and includes nanocomposite fundamentals (theory, design, synthesis, characterization) as well as polymer flammability fundamentals with emphasis on how nanocomposites affect flammability.

The book has practical examples from literature, patents, and existing commercial products. Readers can design new work based upon the material in the book or use it as a handy reference for interpreting existing work and results.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Whether of what role clay nanocomposites will find in flameretardancy is unknown.  This volume does provide a very goodview of what we do know and what we need to do next" (Journal ofInorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials, 2008)

"Those working in the field of flame retardants for polymersscientists, engineers, researchers, material scientists, and firescientists will use this book for its very relevant, practical, andtimely information.  The descriptions given also may lead todevelopments of new and improved flame retardant materials, wellworth the price..." (IEEE Electrical Insulation, April2008)

"...Very useful is that the book has practical examples fromliterature, patents, and existing commercial products. The readercan design new work based upon the material in the book or use itas a handy reference for interpreting existing work and results."(PU Magazine, August 2007)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471734260
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 4/23/2007
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 429
  • Product dimensions: 6.52 (w) x 9.57 (h) x 1.08 (d)

Meet the Author

Alexander B. Morgan, PhD, is a Senior Research Scientist andgroup leader for the Advanced Polymers Group at the University ofDayton Research Institute. Dr. Morgan has worked for over elevenyears in the field of flame retardancy and has focused on flameretardant nanocomposites for the past seven years. He previouslyheld positions at Dow Chemical as a research chemist and was aNational Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow at the NationalInstitute of Standards and Technology.

Charles A. Wilkie, PhD, is the Pfletschinger-HabermannProfessor of Chemistry at Marquette University. Dr. Wilkie hasworked for almost thirty years in fire retardancy, focusing onnanocomposites the past seven years. He is Associate Editor ofPolymers for Advanced Technologies and on the editorial boards ofThermochimica Acta and Polymer Degradation and Stability.

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Table of Contents



1 Introduction to Flame Retardancy and PolymerFlammability (Sergei V. Levchik).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Polymer Combustion and Testing.

1.3 Flame Retardancy.

1.4 Conclusions and Future Outlook.


2 Fundamentals of Polymer Nanocomposite Technology (E.Manias, G. Polizos, H. Nakajima, and M. J. Heidecker).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Fundamentals of Polymer Nanocomposites.

2.3 Effects of Nanofillers on Material Properties.

2.4 Future Outlook.


3 Flame Retardant Mechanism of Polymer–ClayNanocomposites (Jeffrey W. Gilman).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Flame Retardant Mechanism.

3.3 Conclusions and Future Outlook.


4 Molecular Mechanics Calculations of the ThermodynamicStabilities of Polymer–Carbon Nanotube Composites(Stanislav I. Stoliarov and Marc R. Nyden).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Background and Context.

4.3 Description of the Method.

4.4 Application to PS–CNT Composites.

4.5 Uncertainties and Limitations.

4.6 Summary and Conclusions.


5 Considerations Regarding Specific Impacts of the PrincipalFire Retardancy Mechanisms in Nanocomposites (BernhardSchartel).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Influence of Nanostructured Morphology.

5.3 Fire Retardancy Effects and Their Impact on the FireBehavior of Nanocomposites.

5.4 Assessment of Fire Retardancy.

5.5 Summary and Conclusions.


6 Intumescence and Nanocomposites: a Novel Route forFlame-Retarding Polymeric Materials (Serge Bourbigot andSophie Duquesne).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Basics of Intumescence.

6.3 Zeolites as Synergistic Agents in Intumescent Systems.

6.4 Intumescents in Polymer Nanocomposites.

6.5 Nanofillers as Synergists in Intumescent Systems.

6.6 Critical Overview of Recent Advances.

6.7 Summary and Conclusion.


7 Flame Retardant Properties of Organoclays and CarbonNanotubes and Their Combinations with Alumina Trihydrate(Gunter Beyer).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Experimental Process.

7.3 Organoclay Nanocomposites.

7.4 Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites.

7.5 Summary and Conclusions.


8 Nanocomposites with Halogen and Nonintumescent PhosphorusFlame Retardant Additives (Yuan Hu and Lei Song).

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Preparation Methods and Morphological Study.

8.3 Thermal Stability.

8.4 Mechanical Properties.

8.5 Flammability Properties.

8.6 Flame Retardant Mechanism.

8.7 Summary and Conclusions.


9 Thermoset Fire Retardant Nanocomposites (MauroZammarano).

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Clays.

9.3 Thermoset Nanocomposites.

9.4 Epoxy Nanocomposites Based on Cationic Clays.

9.5 Epoxy Nanocomposites Based on Anionic Clays.

9.6 Polyurethane Nanocomposites.

9.7 Vinyl Ester Nanocomposites.

9.8 Summary and Conclusions.


10 Progress in Flammability Studies of Nanocomposites withNew Types of Nanoparticles (Takashi Kashiwagi).

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Nanoscale Oxide-Based Nanocomposites.

10.3 Carbon-Based Nanocomposites.

10.4 Discussion of Results.

10.5 Summary and Conclusions.


11 Potential Applications of Nanocomposites for FlameRetardancy (A. Richard Horrocks and Baljinder K.Kandola).

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Requirements for Nanocomposite System Applications.

11.3 Potential Application Areas.

11.4 Future Outlook.


12 Practical Issues and Future Trends in PolymerNanocomposite Flammability Research (Alexander B. Morgan andCharles A. Wilkie).

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Polymer Nanocomposite Structure and Dispersion.

12.3 Polymer Nanocomposite Analysis.

12.4 Changing Fire and Environmental Regulations.

12.5 Current Environmental Health and Safety Status forNanoparticles.

12.6 Commercialization Hurdles.

12.7 Fundamentals of Polymer Nanocomposite Flammability.

12.8 Future Outlook.



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