Flight Testing of Fixed-Wing Aircraft by Ralph D. Kimberlin, University Of Tennessee Sp R. Kimberlin | | 9781563475641 | Hardcover | Barnes & Noble
Flight Testing of Fixed-Wing Aircraft

Flight Testing of Fixed-Wing Aircraft

by Ralph D. Kimberlin, University Of Tennessee Sp R. Kimberlin
     
 

ISBN-10: 1563475642

ISBN-13: 9781563475641

Pub. Date: 09/15/2003

Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics

The measurement of performance during an airplane's flight testing is one of the more important tasks to be accomplished during its development, as it impacts both the airplane's safety and its marketability. Performance sells airplanes.

This book discusses performance for both propeller-driven and jet aircraft. However, its principal emphasis is on

Overview

The measurement of performance during an airplane's flight testing is one of the more important tasks to be accomplished during its development, as it impacts both the airplane's safety and its marketability. Performance sells airplanes.

This book discusses performance for both propeller-driven and jet aircraft. However, its principal emphasis is on propeller-driven aircraft, because much of the methodology for testing of propeller-driven aircraft has been lost with time.

The book is intended as a text for those teaching courses in fixed-wing flight testing. It is also a reference for those involved in flight test on a daily basis or those who need knowledge of flight testing to manage those activities. The book is divided into three sections. The first two sections—Performance, and Stability and Control—are arranged so that they might be taught as a semester course at the upper-level undergraduate or graduate level. The third section, Hazardous Flight Tests, provides information based upon more than 30 years of experience in performing and directing such tests and serves as a valuable reference.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781563475641
Publisher:
American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
Publication date:
09/15/2003
Series:
AIAA Education Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
459
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexvii
Part 1Performance Flight Testing
Chapter 1.Introduction3
1.1Introduction to Flight Testing3
1.2Types of Flight Tests4
1.3Sequence of Flight Testing4
1.4Planning the Test Program4
1.5Governing Requirements and Regulations6
1.6The Atmosphere9
1.7Aircraft Weight and Center of Gravity12
1.8Flight Testing Tolerances15
References16
Chapter 2.Methods for Reducing Data Uncertainty in Flight Test Data19
2.1Introduction19
2.2Sources and Magnitudes of Errors19
2.3Avoiding or Minimizing Errors22
2.4Error Analysis25
References28
Chapter 3.Airspeed Systems Theory and Calibration29
3.1Introduction29
3.2Federal Aviation Regulation Requirements29
3.3Theory of Airspeed Systems30
3.4Position Error32
3.5Lag Errors33
3.6Altimeter Position Error33
3.7In-Flight Calibration Methods34
3.8Temperature Probe Calibration37
References38
Chapter 4.Stall Speed Measurement39
4.1Introduction39
4.2Federal Aviation Administration Requirements39
4.3Stall Theory42
4.4Aircraft Loading47
4.5Safety Considerations48
4.6Flight Test Method48
4.7Data Reduction Method49
References52
Chapter 5.Determination of Engine Power in Flight53
5.1Introduction53
5.2Power Measurement of an Internal Combustion Engine in Flight54
5.3Installed Horsepower Losses and How They Affect Power Measurement58
5.4Power Corrections59
5.5Critical Altitude Determination61
References62
Chapter 6.Propeller Theory63
6.1Introduction63
6.2Propeller Theory63
6.3Propeller Polar Diagram67
6.4Constant Speed or Controllable Propellers67
6.5Activity Factor67
6.6Propeller Noise68
References68
Chapter 7.Jet Thrust Measurement In Flight69
7.1Introduction69
7.2Basic Theory69
7.3Methods of In-Flight Thrust Measurement72
References74
Chapter 8.Level Flight Performance Theory75
8.1Introduction75
8.2Thrust Required75
8.3Effects of Variables on Thrust Required77
8.4Power Required78
8.5Effects of Variables on the Power Required Curves79
8.6Effects of High Mach Number81
8.7Thrust or Power Available82
References82
Chapter 9.Level Flight Performance Flight Test and Data Reduction Methods for Propeller-Driven Aircraft83
9.1Introduction83
9.2Federal Aviation Administration Requirements83
9.3PIW-VIW Method83
9.4Flight Test Method84
9.5Reduction of Observed Data85
9.6Expansion of Observed Data90
Reference96
Chapter 10.Level Flight Performance Jet Aircraft97
10.1Introduction97
10.2Theory97
10.3Flight Test Techniques100
10.4Data Reduction103
References103
Chapter 11.Range and Endurance105
11.1Introduction105
11.2Range--Propeller-Driven Airplanes106
11.3Range--Jet Aircraft111
11.4Effects of Wind on Range115
11.5Endurance--Propeller-Driven Aircraft117
11.6Endurance--Jet Aircraft117
References118
Chapter 12.Climb Performance Theory119
12.1Introduction119
12.2Climb Theory119
References126
Chapter 13.Climb Performance Methods, Data Reduction, and Expansion127
13.1Introduction127
13.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations127
13.3Test Methods129
13.4Reduction Methods for Steady Climbs131
13.5Expansion Methods140
References142
Chapter 14.Energy Approach to Performance Flight Testing143
14.1Introduction143
14.2Theory143
14.3Application to Climb Performance145
14.4Other Applications of Energy Methods147
14.5Level Acceleration Flight Test Method149
References151
Chapter 15.Turning Performance153
15.1Introduction153
15.2Forces on an Aircraft during a Level Turn153
15.3Turning Performance Limitations155
15.4Flight Test Method157
References159
Chapter 16.Methods for Drag Determination in Flight161
16.1Introduction161
16.2Speed Power Method161
16.3Prop-Feathered Sinks or Glide Polars164
16.4Incremental Drag Method166
16.5Incremental Power Method167
References167
Chapter 17.Airspeed vs Flight Path Angle Performance Method for Powered-Lift Aircraft169
17.1Introduction169
17.2V-[gamma] Method169
References174
Chapter 18.Takeoff and Landing Theory and Methods177
18.1Introduction177
18.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations177
18.3Theory180
18.4Test Methods184
18.5Test Procedures187
18.6Data Reduction188
18.7Rejected Takeoff Distances197
References197
Part 2Stability and Control Flight Testing
Chapter 19.Introduction to Stability and Control Flight Testing201
19.1Introduction201
19.2Regulations201
19.3Reference Axes Systems201
19.4Definitions of Stability and Controllability202
19.5Relation of Stability and Control to the Aircraft's c.g. Envelope206
19.6Control System Characteristics207
References207
Chapter 20.Static Longitudinal Stability Theory209
20.1Introduction209
20.2Stick-Fixed Static Longitudinal Stability210
20.3Longitudinal Control215
20.4Elevator Position Stability216
20.5Stick-Free Longitudinal Stability218
20.6Control Force Stability219
20.7Stick-Free Longitudinal Static Stability for an Irreversible Control System221
References221
Chapter 21.Static Longitudinal Stability Flight Test Methods223
21.1Introduction223
21.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations223
21.3Stick-Fixed Neutral Point Determination224
21.4Stick-Free Neutral Point Determination225
21.5Flight Test Method for Determination of Neutral Points230
21.6Other Static Longitudinal Stability Tests230
References233
Chapter 22.Dynamic Longitudinal Stability Theory235
22.1Introduction235
22.2Theory236
22.3Long Period or Phugoid238
22.4Short Period240
22.5Elevator Short Period246
References246
Chapter 23.Dynamic Longitudinal Stability Flight Test Methods and Data Reduction247
23.1Introduction247
23.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations247
23.3Flight Test Methods for Evaluating the Phugoid248
23.4Phugoid Data Reduction248
23.5Short Period Flight Test Methods249
23.6Short Period Data Reduction252
References253
Chapter 24.Longitudinal Maneuvering Stability Theory255
24.1Introduction255
24.2Elevator Position Maneuvering Stability257
24.3Stick-Force Maneuvering Stability259
24.4Compressibility Effects264
References264
Chapter 25.Maneuvering Stability Methods and Data Reduction265
25.1Introduction265
25.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations265
25.3Evaluation by Pilot Opinion266
25.4Flight Test Methods for Quantitative Evaluation267
25.5Data Reduction Techniques271
References273
Chapter 26.Longitudinal Control and Trim Theory and Flight Test Methods275
26.1Introduction275
26.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations276
26.3Longitudinal Control278
26.4Longitudinal Trim280
References283
Chapter 27.Methods for Improving Longitudinal Stability and Control285
27.1Introduction285
27.2Control System Gadgets285
27.3Elevator Tabs288
27.4Aerodynamic Balance292
References296
Chapter 28.Lateral-Directional Stability Theory and Flight Test Methods297
28.1Introduction297
28.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations297
28.3Theory299
28.4Directional Stability300
28.5Lateral Stability302
28.6Side Force304
28.7Control-Free, Lateral-Directional Stability306
28.8Flight Test Methods308
References310
Chapter 29.Dynamic Lateral-Directional Stability Theory and Flight Test Methods311
29.1Introduction311
29.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations311
29.3Theory312
29.4Spiral Mode314
29.5Roll Mode315
29.6Dutch Roll Mode315
29.7Effects of Lateral-Directional Parameters on Lateral-Directional Dynamics316
29.8Flight Test Methods for Evaluating Dynamic Lateral-Directional Stability320
References322
Chapter 30.Lateral Control Power (Rolling Performance)323
30.1Introduction323
30.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations323
30.3Single Degree of Freedom Roll Response324
30.4Influence of Various Parameters on Rolling Performance327
30.5Lateral Control in the Real Case331
30.6Other Methods of Roll Control340
References340
Chapter 31.Directional Control341
31.1Introduction341
31.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations341
31.3Directional Control--Single-Engine Airplanes344
31.4Directional Control--Multiengine Airplanes345
31.5Methods for Determining C[subscript N delta subscript r]349
References357
Chapter 32.Flying Qualities359
32.1Introduction359
32.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations359
32.3Cooper-Harper Pilot Rating Scale359
32.4Levels of Flying Qualities361
32.5Flight Test Procedures361
References363
Part 3Hazardous Flight Tests
Chapter 33.Stall Characteristics367
33.1Introduction367
33.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations367
33.3Stall Characteristics Theory372
33.4Aircraft Loading372
33.5Safety Considerations372
33.6Flight Test Method373
33.7Data Requirements375
33.8Potential Problems376
33.9Problem Fixes377
References381
Chapter 34.Airplane Spin Testing383
34.1Introduction383
34.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations384
34.3Spin Theory390
34.4Planning for Spin Testing405
34.5Flight Test Method409
References415
Chapter 35.Dive Testing for Flutter, Vibration, and Buffeting417
35.1Introduction417
35.2Federal Aviation Administration Regulations417
35.3Theory419
35.4Safety Considerations422
35.5Instrumentation424
35.6<

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