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Florida Indians And The Invasion From Europe

Overview

"An authoritative overview of the development of Florida's aboriginal peoples . . . blended with accounts of the European invasions and the dire consequences for the natives of their contacts with the newcomers. . . . Particularly valuable for its use of archaeological and historical data."--John H. Hann, San Luis Archaeological and Historic Site, Tallahassee

"An exciting book that brings together for all of Florida the earliest historic records of indigenous peoples and Old World invaders alike, combining archaeology and history to reconstruct

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Overview

"An authoritative overview of the development of Florida's aboriginal peoples . . . blended with accounts of the European invasions and the dire consequences for the natives of their contacts with the newcomers. . . . Particularly valuable for its use of archaeological and historical data."--John H. Hann, San Luis Archaeological and Historic Site, Tallahassee

"An exciting book that brings together for all of Florida the earliest historic records of indigenous peoples and Old World invaders alike, combining archaeology and history to reconstruct events and lifeways of ethnic groups so quickly devastated by the European presence."--Nancy White, University of South Florida

When the conquistadors arrived in Florida in the early sixteenth century, as many as 350,000 native Americans lived in the territory. For more than twelve centuries their ancestors had resided here, fishing, hunting, gathering wild plants, and sometimes cultivating crops. Two and a half centuries later, Florida's Indians were gone.
Focusing on those native peoples and their interactions with Spanish and French explorers and colonists, Jerald Milanich delineates this massive cultural change. Using information gathered from archaeological excavations and from the interpretation of historical documents left behind by the colonial powers, he explains where the native groups came from, where they lived, and what happened to them. He closes with the tragic disappearance of the original inhabitants in the eighteenth century and the first appearance of the ancestors of Florida's present Native Americans.
With maps, photographs, drawings, and a vivid writing style, Milanich creates a sense of history and place--an opportunity to correlate modern towns to colonial events and sixteenth-century trails to twentieth-century highways--that will illuminate history for residents and tourists of Florida as well as for archaeologists and historians.

"Based on the best modern historical research on the Timucua and other Florida indigenous groups, work relates their decline and extinction"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 58.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813016368
  • Publisher: University Press of Florida
  • Publication date: 10/11/2011
  • Pages: 312
  • Sales rank: 1,441,227
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.65 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface
Ch. 1 Searching for the Past 1
The Native Presence 1
The European Presence 5
Interpreting the Past 9
Ch. 2 An Old World and Its People 15
Paleoindians - The First Floridians 17
Archaic-Period Cultures 20
Post-500 B.C. Regional Cultures 22
Ch. 3 Native People in Southern Florida 37
Calusa of the Southwest Coast 38
Tequesta of the Miami Area 52
Jeaga, Hobe, and Santaluces of the Southeast Coast 56
Matecumbe and Native Groups of the Florida Keys 60
Ch. 4 Native People in Central Florida 63
Ais of the Central East Coast 65
Jororo of South-Central Florida 68
Mayaca of the Central St. Johns River 70
Tocobaga and the Central Gulf Coast Groups 71
Ch. 5 Native People in Northern Florida 79
Timucua Speakers 80
Eastern Timucuan Groups 84
Western Timucuan Groups 90
Apalachee Indians of the Eastern Panhandle 93
Other Groups of the Panhandle 95
Ch. 6 The Invasion Begins 105
Early Voyages to La Florida 106
Ayllons Attempt to Colonize La Florida 113
The Narvaez Entrada 115
Ch. 7 A Tide Unchecked 127
The Army of Hernando de Soto 127
More Failed Attempts - Luna and Villafane 136
Ch. 8 Colonization and First Settlement 143
The French and the Florida Indians 151
Menendez and the Colonization of Florida 155
Ch. 9 The Franciscan Frontier 167
History of the Missions 168
The Aftermath of the 1656 Timucuan Rebellion 179
Ch. 10 New Lives for Old: Life in the Mission Provinces 185
A New Way of Living 186
A New Way of Being 198
Ch. 11 The End of Time 213
Epidemics and Repopulation: A Timucuan Puzzle 214
Apalachee Demography 221
Raids of 1680 to 1707 222
The Final Assault 228
Epilogue 233
Notes 237
References 255
Index 279
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