Flow and Creep in the Solar System: Observations, Modeling and Theory / Edition 1

Flow and Creep in the Solar System: Observations, Modeling and Theory / Edition 1

by David B. Stone
     
 

ISBN-10: 0792321480

ISBN-13: 9780792321484

Pub. Date: 02/28/1993

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

The NATO ASI held in the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, June 17-28, 1991 was, we believe, the first attempt to bring together geoscientists from all the disciplines related to the solar system where fluid flow is a fundamental phenomenon. The various aspects of flow discussed at the meeting ranged from the flow of ice in glaciers, through…  See more details below

Overview

The NATO ASI held in the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, June 17-28, 1991 was, we believe, the first attempt to bring together geoscientists from all the disciplines related to the solar system where fluid flow is a fundamental phenomenon. The various aspects of flow discussed at the meeting ranged from the flow of ice in glaciers, through motion of the solar wind, to the effects of flow in the Earth's mantle as seen in surface phenomena. A major connecting theme is the role played by convection. For a previous attempt to review the various ways in which convection plays an important role in natural phenomena one must go back to an early comprehensive study by 1. Wasiutynski in "Astro­ physica Norvegica" vo1. 4, 1946. This work, little known now perhaps, was a pioneering study. In understanding the evolution of bodies of the solar system, from accretion to present-day processes, ranging from interplanetary plasma to fluid cores, the understanding of flow hydrodynamics is essentia1. From the large scale in planetary atmospheres to geological processes, such as those seen in magma chambers on the Earth, one is dealing with thermal or chemical convection. Count Rumford, the founder of the Royal Institution, studied thermal convection experimentally and realized its practical importance in domestic contexts.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780792321484
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
02/28/1993
Series:
NATO Science Series C: (closed), #391
Edition description:
1993
Pages:
506
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.36(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Participants
Papers Presented
Convection and Flows in the Sun and Stars1
A Review of the Dynamics of the Lower and Upper Thermosphere13
Reversals of the Solar Source Surface Magnetic Field and of the Planets45
Planetary Magnetism Re-Visited59
Some Reflections on Solid State Convection in the Mantles of the Earth, Moon and Terrestrial Planets67
Rotating Spherical Convection with Applications to Planetary Systems83
Geomagnetism and Inferences for Core Motions97
Energetic Aspects of Thermal Convective Magnetohydrodynamic Dynamos113
Preferred Bands of Longitude for Geomagnetic Reversal VGP Paths: Implications for Reversal Mechanisms121
Parameterization of Temperature- and Stress-Dependent Viscosity Convection and the Thermal Evolution of Venus131
Complex Flow Structures in Strongly Chaotic Time-Dependent Mantle Convection147
An Explicit Inertial Method for the Simulation of Viscoelastic Flow: An Evaluation of Elastic Effects on Diapiric Flow in Two- and Three-Layers Models175
Dynamically Supported Topography at the Earth's Surface and the Core-Mantle-Boundary: Influences by a Depth-Dependent Thermal Expansivity and a Chemical Boundary Layer197
3-D Numerical Investigation of the Mantle Dynamics Associated with the Breakup of Pangea207
Subduction Zones, Magmatism, and the Breakup of Pangea225
Relationship Between Hotspots and Mantle Structure: Correlation with Whole Mantle Seismic Tomography249
Porous Media Flow in Granitoid Magmas: An Assessment261
Dynamics of Magma Chambers287
A Mechanism for Spontaneous Self-Perpetuating Volcanism on the Terrestrial Planets307
High Latitude Ocean Convection323
Analogous Modes of Convection in the Atmosphere and Ocean357
The Dynamics of Subcritical Double-Diffusive Convection in the Southern Ocean: An Application to Polynyas371
Strategies for Modelling Climate Changes385
Ice Sheet Dynamics399
Glacier Flow Modeling417

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