Fluvial Hydraulics

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Overview

Fluvial Hydraulics provides a sound qualitative and quantitative understanding of water and sediment flows in natural rivers. This understanding is essential for modeling and predicting hydrologic and geomorphologic processes, erosion, sediment transport, water supply and quality, habitat management, and flood hazards. This book's coverage bridges the gap between the highly quantitative mechanics-based civil-engineering approach to stream hydraulics and the more qualitative treatments of fluvial geomorphology typical of earth-sciences and natural-resources curricula. Measurements of natural river flows illustrate many central concepts.
The book is specifically designed for upper-level students and practitioners who are interested in a fundamental understanding of river behavior. An introduction to the history of fluvial hydraulics and an overview of the morphology and hydrology of rivers provides the context for the rest of the text. A thorough understanding of water properties, including turbulence, is developed via a series of simple thought experiments. The bases of the equations that are used to describe and predict river flows are systematically presented, including dimensional analysis. Subsequent chapters build logically on these foundations, covering velocity distributions, new insights to the central topic of flow resistance, the magnitudes of forces in natural river flows, the principles of conservation of energy and momentum, the prediction of water-surface profiles, the principles of flow measurement, mechanics, and geomorphic aspects of sediment transport. The book will be especially valuable in providing a scientific basis for the growing field of river restoration.
An appendix reviews dimenstions, units, and numerical precision. Over 250 references are cited, providing an entree to the extensive multi-disciplinary literature on rivers. The book's website provides suggestions for student exercises and makes available extensive data bases of measured streamflows for student exploration.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Listed in New Books, Physics Today May 2010

new book announcement in Geomorhorum (Newsletter for the Geomorphology Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers)

"This will be an excellent text because of the clarity with which the various equations are dealt with. This will be an excellent book." Professor Sean Campbell, Dpartment of Geography, University of Kentucky

"but the relevance of the subject matter to a variety of water resource issues ensures that the text will have strong appeal to environmental engineers/scientists/planners, stream ecologists, aquatic biologists, and so forth. In summary, the text will be a welcome and important addition to the fluvial geomorphic literature." Professor Douglas Allen, Department of Geoscience, U.C.Berkeley

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195172867
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 2/26/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 576
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 3.90 (d)

Meet the Author

S. Lawrence Dingman is the author of the most widely used university-level hydrology textbook (Physical Hydrology; 2nd ed. 2002) and a pioneering book introducing earth-sciences and natural-resources students to the hydraulics of natural streams (Fluvial Hydrology, 1984). He has also taught in the University of New Hampshire's Hydrology Program for 30 years while authoring over 40 published research papers and reports on cold-region hydrology, the hydrology of New England, and fluvial hydraulics.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Fluvial Hydraulics
2. Natural Streams: Morphology, Materials, and Flows
3. Structure and Properties of Water
4. Basic Concepts and Equations
5. Velocity Distribution
6. Uniform Flow and Flow Resistance
7. Forces and Flow Classification
8. Energy and Momentum Principles
9. Gradually-Varied Flow and Water-surface Profiles
10. Rapidly Varied Steady Flow
11. Unsteady Flow
12. Sediment Entrainment and Transport
Appendix A: Dimensions, Units, and Numerical Precision

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