Flying Through Midnight: A Pilot's Dramatic Story of His Secret Missions over Laos During the Vietnam Warby John T. Halliday, William Dufris
Riveting, novelistic, and startlingly candid, John T. Halliday's combat memoir begins in 1970, when Halliday has just landed in the middle of the Vietnam War, primed to begin his assignment with the 606th Special Operations Squadron. But there's a catch: He's stationed in a kind of no-man's-land. No one on his base flies with ID, patches, or rank. Even as Richard… See more details below
Riveting, novelistic, and startlingly candid, John T. Halliday's combat memoir begins in 1970, when Halliday has just landed in the middle of the Vietnam War, primed to begin his assignment with the 606th Special Operations Squadron. But there's a catch: He's stationed in a kind of no-man's-land. No one on his base flies with ID, patches, or rank. Even as Richard Nixon firmly denies reporters' charges that the United States has forces in Laos, Halliday realizes that from his base in Thailand, he will be flying top-secret, black-ops night missions over the Laotian Ho Chi Minh Trail.
A naive yet thoughtful twenty-four-year-old, Halliday was utterly unprepared for the horrors of war. On his first mission, Halliday's C-123 aircraft dodges more than a thousand antiaircraft shells, and that is just the beginning. Nothing is as he expected -- not the operations, not the way his shell-shocked fellow pilots look and act, and certainly not the squadron's daredevil, seat-of-one's-pants approach to piloting. But before long, Halliday has become one of those seasoned and shell-shocked pilots, and finds himself in a desperate search for a way to elude certain death.
Using frank, true-to-life dialogue, potent imagery, and classic 1970s song lyrics, Halliday deftly describes the fraught Laotian skies and re-creates his struggle to navigate the frustrating Air Force bureaucracy, the deprivations of a remote base far from home and his young wife, and his fight to preserve his sanity. The resulting nonfiction narrative vividly captures not only the intricate, distorted culture of war but also the essence of the Vietnam veteran's experience of this troubled era.
A powerhouse fusion of pathos and humor, brutal realism and intimate reflection, Flying Through Midnight is a landmark contribution to war literature, revealing previously top-secret intelligence on the 606th's night missions. Fast-paced, thrilling, and bitingly intelligent, Halliday illuminates it all: the heart-pounding air battles, the close friendships, the crippling fear, and the astonishing final escape that made the telling of it possible.
- Tantor Media, Inc.
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Flying Through MidnightA Pilot's Dramatic Story of His Secret Missions Over Laos During the Vietnam War
By John T. Halliday
ScribnerCopyright © 2005 John T. Halliday
All right reserved.
Chapter 1: June 8, 1970
Wiley waved to me from across the ramp as I stepped off the C-130 shuttle plane from Bangkok. I lifted my hand in response, then raised it to my brow, shading my eyes against the Thai sun, merciless still at midafternoon. The hop from Bangkok was the final leg in my journey to Nakhon Phanom Air Base, where I was to begin my assignment with the 606th Special Operations Squadron, flying C-123 cargo missions around Thailand. Wiley's presence heartened me. I'd heard that most guys who arrived in Vietnam were unceremoniously dumped on the ramp in Saigon or Da Nang and left to find their own way to their unit.
Welcome to the war, buddy, such a callous reception announced.
Maybe my war would be different.
Wiley leaned against a blue Air Force pickup truck parked before a large billboard that shouted:
VIOLATORS PUNISHABLE UNDER UCMJ
All I could think was, why would anybody care if I snapped a few pictures of cargo transports to send back home to Sharon?
Other than that puzzling note, my arrival at NKP was wholly different from what I'd heard of most Vietnam receptions. I felt I was being welcomed to some country club. Wiley ambled toward me wearing a big smile. "Hi, I'm Wiley. Welcome to the Candlesticks and NKP. I'm your sponsor. Let me help you with those bags," he boomed cheerfully. Relaxed smile. Happy eyes. An easygoing way about him. Definite Midwestern accent. Maybe Rockford or Madison. Huge, calloused farmer's hands. Probably grew up playing high school football and driving his grandfather's tractor during the summers.
Wiley looked much older than me, but I figured we must actually be about the same age. After all, every pilot assigned to the Candlestick squadron was probably in his early twenties like me. But Wiley seemed years older.
I wondered if something about this place had caused him to age more quickly, but I forced a smile to make a good first impression. "Hi, I'm John Halliday. Thanks for coming to meet me."
"C'mon, let's get you out of here and into someplace cool. Nobody here wears that flightsuit during the day. It's too damn hot."
He was right. My flightsuit was about to melt into my skin. The northeastern Thailand heat was a blast furnace. A real inferno. I took a breath, but the heat singed my nostrils. I shifted to mouth breathing, but the heat boiled down my windpipe.
Wiley helped me with my bags and then dropped them into the back of the six-pack. I tried to open the passenger door, but pulled back when the handle scorched my hand. "Use your sleeve," he suggested. We jumped in the air-conditioned truck and drove down the flightline. Impressive. My own driver. I thought I was going to like this place better than Vietnam.
"How hot is it?" I complained as we passed rows of parked planes.
"It's one hundred and eight, with the humidity a pleasant ninety-five percent. We run from air-conditioned spot to air-conditioned spot," Wiley explained as he did a series of double takes at me, staring far too long and then looking away when I noticed him sizing me up.
"I thought you guys called this place Naked Fanny," I said, an attempt to break the ice, which failed.
"We hate that," he scolded. "Bob Hope pinned that on us when he came for Christmas last year. The name is Nakhon Phanom, but we call it NKP."
I thought, so much for my good-first-impression idea.
There! He did it again...the long look...checking me out.
As we drove down the flightline, the scene seemed caught in a 1940s time warp. The Andrews Sisters should have been singing in the background about the "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy from Company B." There wasn't a modern jet aircraft in sight. The ramp was littered with propeller-driven aviation relics that belonged in someone's garage sale, not out here fighting a war. I could see A-1s, A-26s, C-123s, OV-10s, and Jolly Green Giant helicopters. Hand-me-down, cast-off airplanes no one else wanted. I figured the Air Force sent them way out here under the title "special operations" to make people feel good about having to fly these old rattletraps.
I realized I'd landed in aviation's backwater.
I noticed the ramp we were driving across -- no, the sensation was more like riding a boat over small waves -- wasn't even concrete. Instead, it was corrugated-metal sheeting, in which dead star-thistle weeds poked up through six-inch-round holes. Even the ramp was a castoff nobody wanted. I thought, ought to be slicker than owlshit taxiing on it when it rains.
Wiley pointed to a building. The sign over the door proclaimed:
606th SPECIAL OPERATIONS SQUADRON
Wiley said proudly, "That's us." Beside the front door hung a six-foot oval wood sign, emblazoned with a winged candle burning bright above a black, mountainous background. The abbreviation "606 SOS" wreathed across the logo's top. "Our squadron patch," Wiley explained, handing me a stiff, new Candlestick patch.
I ripped my existing "Military Airlift Command" patch off its Velcro strips and replaced it with the golden-winged candlestick.
Wiley smiled, patted me on the back, and said, "Welcome to the Candlesticks. Now you're official."
Since I knew squadron names and patches attempt to capture a unit's mission, this name and patch seemed inconsistent with transporting boxes. I made a mental note to ask Wiley about it later.
As we made a right turn off the flightline, headed toward the officers' quarters, I said, "I noticed the razor-sharp security fence all around the base as we flew in and the guard towers manned with automatic weapons. I thought these Thai bases were secure."
"Well, the place is pretty safe," he chuckled. "There've been a few local skirmishes. But if you're a runner, I wouldn't recommend jogging along the perimeter fence."
"Oh, thanks," I answered weakly.
That too-long look came again. I knew what was coming. He asked, "Say, did anybody ever tell you that you look like a young version of Pat Boone, the boyish-looking crooner? You know, 'Love Letters in the Sand'...the white shoes...the clean-cut image...all that crap?"
"Yes," I groaned. "All the time. I had to live with that sappy image all the way through high school and college. I'd rather not start that here if you don't mind."
Wiley was perfect. "Sure. No problem, John."
As we drove down the block, I noticed the place seemed deserted. Where was everybody? The base should have been hopping with activity. Strange. An eerie feeling came over me. I should have asked Wiley what the big deal was, but kept my mouth shut. No sense asking more dumb questions, confirming my ignorance.
After three blocks of driving past rows of shed-type buildings typical of Thai bases, Wiley parked. I picked up my gear and we walked across a wide grass front lawn to the quarters I'd been assigned.
Grass? The dead, brown grass blades crunched under my boots like broken glass. "The rainy season doesn't start till November," Wiley explained.
I saw maids along the long front porch, cleaning rooms as if the place were a resort. This assignment is going to be okay, I reassured myself. My unease over what to expect from NKP and the fatigue from the long flight both began to fade.
I asked Wiley how much the maid service cost, because I didn't have a lot of money to spare and I would rather clean up after myself to save the fee. But he said not to worry...the Air Force paid the maids as part of the deal with the Thai government in Bangkok for letting us fly out of their country.
A man our age resembling Robert Redford was sitting on the porch drinking a beer under the mercilessly hot sun. Waves of sweat sheeted down his face. Why was he outside in this blast furnace?
Wiley introduced me. "Mark, this is your new roommate, John Halliday."
I offered a handshake, but Mark did not look up from what he was doing. I could see by his blank, distant expression he was off in some private world all his own. He had the plastic rings from a six-pack of something in his hands and was s-l-o-w-l-y pulling them apart. Mark took each ring and carefully stretched it until it was about to break. Just before the plastic failed, he held it up within a fraction of an inch of his eyes to focus on something I didn't understand.
"Nice to meet you, Mark. How are you doing?" I asked.
"Ninety-six down and two hundred and sixty-nine to go," he mumbled slowly.
I didn't understand. "What are you doing there?" I tried again.
"Watching...the...bubbles." Mark stumbled over each word.
I tried again. "What?"
"Watching the bubbles. Just before the plastic breaks, a whole bunch of little bubbles form. I stretch them out to see how big and long I can make them before the plastic fails. It's really neat to watch the bubbles pop." He did it again. Snap!
"Where'd you get all those plastic...holes, Mark?" I didn't know what to call those...things. They don't have a name. Back home, they're trash, but they seemed important to Mark.
"Drank it," he said proudly. "I drank it."
I stared at him, then climbed the rest of the wooden steps and walked into the room.
The room was a dungeon. Gray, chipped paint peeled from the walls. One lightbulb hanging from an ugly ceiling fixture cast a harsh light in the windowless room. Filthy, gray linoleum floors. No wonder Mark was out in the hot sun.
An old 1950s window air-conditioner, about to jump out of its crudely cut hole in the front wall, was trying unsuccessfully to beat back the wall of heat. I was getting a sinking feeling.
"The open-bay shower and johns are in the middle of the building, about seven doors down." Wiley pointed down the porch to continue the tour. "The Thai maids will walk in on you in the middle of a shower, put their hand over a smile, and giggle while they pretend to be on their way to clean out a toilet. But, don't worry...you'll get used to it. It's harmless sport for them."
More sinking feeling. So much for any shred of privacy.
Mark's bed was closest to the door. He had crudely taped a large monthly calendar on the wall beside his bed. My new roommate had scratched big, black X marks through all the previous days. He had scrawled large red numbers inside each remaining block to tally the number of days left before he returned to the States. Yesterday's number was 269. That meant Mark had been here only three months and his afternoons' entertainment was exploding plastic bubbles...Great.
That's not going to happen to me, I promised myself. I'm stronger than that. I am not going to change.
My bed was at the back of the dungeon. One beat-up, small metal desk completed the decor, except for a military-gray, portable metal closet whose doors I tried to open, only to discover them jammed shut. More sinking feeling. The place was a sewer. This could be a long year.
There was no chest of drawers for my stuff, so I threw my gear on my bed. Bad idea. The thin mattress sagged like a hammock clear down to the dusty floor. An explosion of fine dust flew up in my face. I coughed and rubbed my eyes. "Red Thai dust," Wiley explained. "You can't get rid of it...it's everywhere."
Any self-respecting homeless shelter would have thrown out the disgusting excuse for a mattress. I told Wiley, "Let's get out of here as soon as I can get out of this hot flightsuit. This place is depressing." I changed into the standard Southeast Asia off-duty outfit of shorts, T-shirt, and tennies. No socks. Then I asked Wiley, "Where's the club? I could use a cold beer." We turned and went back outside into the blast furnace.
Crazy Mark was still breaking bubbles, and in a neat pile beside him stood a stack of the same plastic rings. He'd been drinking a lot of something. It looked as if he was going to make an afternoon's entertainment of his sport. As Wiley walked me toward the officers' club, I hollered back at Mark, "See you later."
Mark did not look up, but he shouted as we walked away, "Don't look at everything in the BX the first day! Only look at one corner of a shelf to start. Save something for a month from now." I couldn't imagine what he meant.
"And can labels...read labels! The vegetable soup can is the best," Mark hollered.
"Okay, Mark, I will. See you later," I yelled back.
Mark needs to see a shrink fast, I thought. His contact with reality was slipping away. But that wasn't going to happen to me...I'm stronger than that, I again reassured myself.
"Is he always like that?" I asked Wiley.
Wiley looked confused. "Like what?"
"Well...you know...sort of...disconnected."
"Oh, that's just Mark. He's one of our best captains."
"You mean you let him fly in command like that?" I asked incredulously.
Wiley shrugged and answered matter-of-factly, "Oh, sure. He'd fly every night if we let him. We have to force him to take his CTO every month. If I remember right, he's leaving on a CTO tomorrow morning, so you'll have the place to yourself for a few days to get settled in."
"What's a CTO?"
"Oh, sorry, it's 'combat time off.' We get four days a month in Bangkok, and before you go thinking that's a good deal, don't worry; you'll earn it."
Earn it? Earn it? I thought to myself, what the hell have I gotten into? When they changed my assignment to NKP from Vietnam at the last minute, all they told me was this was an easy mission, hauling cargo around Thailand. A piece-of-cake assignment. I was thrilled at my good fortune.
Still confused, I asked, "What's the deal with the soup labels?"
"Actually, that's good advice," Wiley explained. "There isn't much to do around here, and reading canned-foods ingredients is good entertainment. I prefer the chili can myself...you'll see. And a trip to the BX trailer is something you'll have to plan and execute carefully, too. And Mark's right...don't look at everything the first day. Take one small corner of one shelf and really spend time looking at what's there."
We stepped off the curb and crossed the empty street.
"Force yourself not to look at the things on the shelf below or above or around the corner, or you'll be sorry later. You should probably have an experienced person go with you to stop you from looking at everything the first few times before you get the hang of it, or you won't have anything to look forward to. If you want, I'll take you the first time."
I stared at him, bewildered. Was he kidding?
"Don't worry...you'll see soon enough," he finished.
Out of the corner of my eye I caught Wiley shaking his head at my ignorance. He had that wry Vincent Price smile that seemed to say, "You'll be the next one. You can't stop it. Don't even try."
Stop what? No, I won't see. I won't be next. You're wrong. I'm stronger than that, I promised myself. The day I started reading labels would never come.
I thought we were going to the officers' club for a beer, but Wiley said, "Say, you want to stop by my trailer for a cold one? I've got a refrigerator and you can see the quarters you can move up to in about five months."
Five months? The sinking feeling grew. Five months locked in that dungeon with Crazy Mark? "Sure, thanks," I answered, trying to fight off a wave of depression.
Maybe I can find a way out of here before they get used to having me around, I thought to myself. I had heard of pilots talking their way into a different assignment right at the last minute. Maybe they needed some C-123 pilots over in Vietnam. I would keep quiet about my idea, go over to personnel the next morning, and see if I could get reassigned. I would be gone before they knew it. Good plan. I wouldn't even unpack my stuff. Knowing I would soon be away from NKP lifted my spirits and I began feeling better.
We climbed up tipsy concrete steps to Wiley's trailer. He opened the door, went inside, and I was hit by a blast of polar air. Wonderful!
"Hurry up, come in and close the damned door," he yelled. I jumped inside, slammed the door, and looked around...stunned.
Wiley's trailer half had the same space I would be sharing with Crazy Mark. He opened a door and proudly showed off his semiprivate bath. I looked around in awe. Built-in closets. Fake wood paneling on the walls and a chest of drawers. Brass coach-light fixtures brightened the place so he could read. Blackout curtains covered the one small window -- evidently for daytime naps. Air-conditioning from an exterior compressor. Wall-to-wall carpeting. A refrigerator! Two mattresses stacked on the twin bed for true comfort.
The place was a palace.
The room was stuffed floor to ceiling with every imaginable piece of state-of-the-art 1970 stereo equipment. It looked more like a sound studio than a place someone lived. Wiley had the newest equipment: a Sansui 5000 amplifier, an AKAI crossfield head reel-to-reel tape deck, the top-of-the-line Garrard English turntable, and four Pioneer CS99 speakers with fifteen-inch woofers. There was enough power to throb brooms marching out of the closet.
The stuff must have cost a fortune. I figured he must be rich.
Wiley opened the small Sanyo refrigerator stuffed with San Miguel beer and handed one to me. Then he jumped up and sat on his two mattresses, so trampoline-tight they didn't sink an inch. While mine sagged like a hammock? I looked around the cramped room and saw no chair, so I leaned back uncomfortably against the door.
Wiley noticed my discomfort and sprang off his trampoline-bed. "Sorry...you'll have to excuse my lack of manners. I'm not used to having guests over yet. I only moved in a couple days ago." Then he reached between a built-in closet and the wall and produced a garishly painted red folding chair from its niche. "Ain't she a beauty?" he said proudly. "I rescued her rummaging around the base junk pile, sanded her down, got a can of candy-apple red spray paint, and suddenly...I've got furniture. I can have company over!"
He unfolded the chair and said, "Here you go. Have a seat." Wiley pointed to the fridge and told me, "Help yourself to another cold one when you finish that one," and hopped back up on his trampoline mattress I eyed with envy.
"How come your mattress is so firm and mine sags to the floor?" I asked.
"Plywood," he answered seriously. "Three-quarter-inch all-American plywood."
I asked where I could get a sheet for myself.
"I'm not sure...it's in short supply. You have to know somebody or scrounge around for yourself to find a piece." I must have looked worried because he quickly added, "But I may know somebody who's leaving back for the States in a couple days. Maybe I can talk him out of his plywood for you...unless he's already promised it to someone else."
I smiled, thanked him, and sat down gingerly on his red relic. Then I waited for my sponsor to guide the rest of the conversation. After a few gulps of beer he finally asked, "So, how'd you get here?"
"Well, after jungle school in the Philippines, they put me on a C-141 to Bangkok..." I stopped when I saw Wiley start chuckling.
"No, no, no...I mean how'd you wind up in the military as a pilot in the first place?"
"Sorry...guess I'm nervous." I laughed uneasily with him. "I'd graduated from the University of Miami in Florida and was in graduate school in Washington, D.C., when I got a letter from my draft board saying my educational deferment had been canceled. They gave me thirty days from receipt to join some other service, or it looked like I'd be headed for Vietnam rice paddies with an M16 in my hands."
Wiley smiled and nodded as if he'd heard the story before.
"That same day a headline in the Washington Post described that the Air Force was short of pilots. So I ripped out the headline, went down to the recruiter's office, took a flight physical, and raised my hand. After that, I spent a year in pilot training, got married, spent eighteen months in California at Travis flying a big cargo plane in and out of Southeast Asia, and then got orders to Phan Rang over in Vietnam."
"You look awful young for this. Just how old are you?"
"Twenty-four," I said apologetically. "But I turn twenty-five next month," I rushed to add, realizing our talk was turning into a job interview.
"So how long you been out of pilot training?" he asked suspiciously.
"Two years," I answered proudly.
Wiley looked disappointed. "Ever been an aircraft commander before?"
"Nope." Wiley shook his head in disappointment. I hurried to explain so he wouldn't think me a weak pilot my old outfit bypassed for command. "My last unit wouldn't let lieutenants upgrade to AC. They mostly had us inventorying safety equipment, counting crew meals, and figuring takeoff data. Most of the ACs were old-fart majors and colonels old enough to be our fathers who wouldn't let us fly much."
Wiley seemed shocked. "You mean you've never been in charge of an airplane and crew before?"
"Nope...sorry," I answered sheepishly.
"Oh, jeeeez! We keep asking personnel to send us pilots with command experience and guys like you keep showing up."
I apologized again, but defended myself, explaining there was nothing I could have done.
Wiley let me off the hook. "It's all right. We'll make it work somehow."
I changed the subject. "So tell me what routes we fly. Are they scheduled cargo runs around the Thai bases, or random stuff?"
"Nobody told you?"
"Nobody's told me squat. I don't have a clue what goes on here. After jungle school I thought I was headed for Phan Rang, but at the last second got orders here. I got on a C-141 headed to Bangkok, spent last night at the military hotel, and here I am."
"That's the way it happened for all of us," Wiley said conspiratorially. "Nobody knows they're coming here until the last second. And our mission is more complicated than hauling cargo." He chuckled to himself.
I stumbled ahead. "So exactly what is it you guys do? Nobody could answer my questions."
"They're not supposed to be able to. Nobody's supposed to know this place even exists."
"Oh" was all I could manage.
"To be assigned here, you had to pass a security check above top secret -- "
I jumped in, "Gee, I didn't know there was anything above top secret."
"Everything here is top secret or above, and later tonight I'll show you one of the reasons why. But as to what we do, it's one of my jobs as your sponsor to warn you right off the bat what can happen to you if you tell anyone -- I mean anyone -- what we do here."
I didn't know how to respond, but began feeling frightened.
He offered, "You can tell your wife...what's her name?"
"Well, you can tell Sharon where you are, but you are not permitted to tell her what you're doing and especially not where we fly. You can't tell her in phone calls, letters, tapes, nor when you see her for R and R in Hawaii and you're strolling along some moonlit beach. Not even when you're back home a year from now...not until this war is long since over. If 'they' find out you've violated these rules, you can be expected to be prosecuted and punished to the maximum extent possible under the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Do I make myself clear?"
I thought he must be pulling my chain. "You've got to be kidding, Wiley. What could be going on at this godforsaken place anybody could possibly care that much about?"
He looked insulted and his face turned dark. "I'm dead serious. As far as anyone back home knows, this place doesn't exist. You can expect your letters to be opened and sampled at random, your phone calls to be monitored, and any voice tapes you sent to Sharon to be opened, checked for divulging secrets, and be undetectably resealed."
"But what happens if I make an honest mistake and blurt something out?"
"Same thing. This is serious shit we're talking about, John. Oh, I almost forgot...you are especially not to talk about our mission at the O club in front of the Thai waitresses. That's an easy place to slip up and get caught. Let me tell you a story."
I nodded and grabbed another beer, deciding to humor him.
"Sometime after last Christmas 'they' opened up one of those family Christmas letters from this guy's parents in which his folks had published exactly what we do...blow by blow. He was in deep shit."
"So what's the big deal about writing about hauling cargo around Thailand? And what could they do worse than sending him here? What happened?"
"Nobody knows. In the middle of the day while we were all sleeping, his trailer-mate heard some commotion coming from this guy's side, but rolled over and went back to sleep, thinking the guy was just rearranging furniture."
"So what happened?"
"His trailer-mate found the guy's room stripped bare that evening. Everything was gone...his bed, dresser, stereo, all his tapes, photos of his girlfriend...his cans of food and beer...the place had been completely sanitized."
I began feeling frightened. "So what happened to him, Wiley? People can't just disappear."
"Well, he did. Nobody knows what happened to him. He was never seen again. But the point is...make sure you keep your mouth shut."
I reached for another beer. "How come all the secrecy about hauling cargo around Thailand?"
"I can't tell you here. We'll have to wait till we get to a secure area."
"When will that be?"
"Tomorrow night." Wiley looked around and whispered, "When we get behind the secure walls up at TUOC -- the Tactical Unit Operations Center."
"Tomorrow night! I won't be able to sleep tonight the way you've built this up."
Wiley shook his head. "I can't say any more than that. I could get in lots of trouble."
"What? Please...surely you can tell me something."
Wiley thought hard for a while. "Okay, I'll give you the basics...but remember...you didn't hear it from me."
I told him I promised and crossed my heart. Gawd, what a jerk I was.
Wiley scooted forward on his trampoline and lowered his voice to a whisper. "We have two missions. The first is a simple night-flare-dropping mission, but it's only twenty percent of what we do these days. Dropping flares was the first job the C-123s had up here, and it's why our call sign became Candlestick. What we do is fly above friendly forces across the border in Laos and drop air-burning flares suspended under parachutes. The light they give can be the difference between the good guys on the ground living through the night or being overrun by overwhelming numbers of bad guys."
I was surprised to learn we would be flying over Laos. Despite all the secret briefings I'd had the past two years, I didn't know the United States was involved in Laos. But not wanting to appear any more naive than I already had, I answered, "Sounds simple enough. I could do that."
"I'm sure you could."
"So what's the main mission?"
"Killing trucks at night out on the Ho Chi Minh Trail."
"What!" I exploded. "How the hell can you possibly do that? The C-123 is just an old cargo plane."
He chuckled. "That's what everybody thinks and we want it to stay that way. But anyway, we cruise up and down the trail looking for supply trucks to destroy that TFA has already spotted for us."
"What a minute. What's TFA?"
"Task Force Alpha...that's one of the reasons I didn't want to start this discussion in a nonsecure location, but I'll come back to TFA later."
"Okay." I slid forward on his red chair and gulped my San Miguel.
"So when we spot a truck convoy, we drop three ground-burning markers off to one side of the road into the heavy jungle to mark the convoy's position. The jungle is so thick, the drivers can't see them burning. Then we'll set up a left-hand orbit over the target, call in some fighter aircraft, and give them bombing directions in reference to our ground marks. Then we sit back and watch the fighters blow the crap out of everything. It sounds simple, but it's effective."
I was stunned. "Oh, my God, Wiley. I had no idea this was a combat mission. The bad guys can't be too happy you're trying to blow them up. Do they shoot back?"
"Oh, absolutely," he answered matter-of-factly. "Every night. Sometimes we'll spend the whole night dodging shells. Some nights the whole sky is alive with red tracers coming up at us...it's a blast. You're gonna love it."
I shook my head. "Jesuzz, Wiley...I don't think so. I don't know if I'll be able to do that. But how in the world do you find trucks in the dark?"
"You gotta see this thing to believe it. We've got this new top- secret thing called a starlight scope that magnifies available moonlight something like a thousand times. It looks like your average backyard telescope. Each plane has one on board. Our 'scope navigator' uses it to look down through a hatch in the belly of the plane and spot truck headlights."
"There must be a long checkout program. A couple months, I suppose?" I was trying to digest all this.
"Well, we'll go out on the trail tomorrow night. We have a ten p.m. briefing. You're gonna be my copilot. I'll show you what it's like, but there's no formal training program. You're on the schedule a week from tomorrow night to fly in command." He slugged down more beer.
I felt nauseous. "Wiley, you gotta be shitting me. I can't be ready that fast."
"You don't have much choice. We're way short of pilots, so you'll be flying that mission in command next week ready or not."
"What else is there?" I asked dejectedly.
"You'd better force yourself to stay up all night tonight so you can sleep during the day tomorrow. Then tomorrow night we'll take off just before midnight and fly for about five hours. To help get your body clock reset, sometime around midnight tonight I'll take you over to Task Force Alpha and get you the tour. You'll have to have above a top-secret clearance to get in, but -- "
"Wiley, top secret's all I've got."
"If you're here, you already have it. You just don't know it yet. They wouldn't have let you come here without a deep background check, though that takes months."
I let his news settle in while I gulped some beer. Finally I asked, "So how do you know where to look for trucks? Even with this fancy starlight scope, Laos is a big country."
"That's the best part," he answered enthusiastically. "Remember those huge electronic boards from the movie Dr. Strangelove that showed all those Russian bombers headed for the U.S. and ours headed at them?"
"Well, Task Force Alpha is a lot like that except with real-time displays in full color, three stories tall...it's the whole goddamned Ho Chi Minh Trail in full, living color."
"Wow, Wiley. So where is this TFA?"
"Maybe three hundred yards over off the north end of the base; it's carved right out of the jungle. I'll escort you over with my security badge until you get your own. We'll have to go through three sets of barbed wire, with whirring surveillance cameras and electronic gates we'll have to be buzzed through. Then we'll come upon this dark, monolithic building hiding in the jungle...the damned thing's huge."
I sat and listened, stunned.
"Step out of the jungle and inside the building, you step back into America -- but an America fifteen years from now...maybe 1984. It's beautiful...gleaming tile floors...glass walls everywhere. They have a full cafeteria where you can get anything you want. They even have real milk, not that powdered crap we get at the mess hall. And air-conditioning? The whole damned place is air-conditioned. There's even a bowling alley and a movie theater...and a whole bunch of civilians who look like IBM guys running around in three-piece suits all wearing glasses...it's 'Geek Central.' We never see them over on our part of the base, so I guess they have everything they need in there."
He went on, "Then there's this main control room that looks like the one we saw on TV during the Apollo moon shots, or maybe something out of a James Bond movie. There's computer terminals everywhere. But the main feature is this huge, three-story-tall Lucite...or maybe it's plastic, I don't know...full-color depiction of the whole Ho Chi Minh Trail with a real-time depiction of trucks coming down the trail. It's wild, man."
I felt dazzled. "How the hell can they pull that off?"
"Well, we've got these RF-4s they call wild weasels...I think...this is all on rumor...but I think they fly down the trail at a couple hundred feet at six hundred knots, dropping a series of electronic eavesdropping sensors alongside the road. You'll see one of the sensors tonight over at TFA. They're designed to bury themselves in the dirt while leaving their camouflaged antenna sticking out above ground level...looking like just another jungle plant."
"That's brilliant. But how does that information get to those Lucite boards?"
"Easy. The sensors are battery-powered and are set to pick up noise or ground vibrations of trucks driving by. They send those signals up to one of our own NKP planes called a mini-bat that relays the signals over to the Lucite screens at TFA."
"So what you're seeing is a live depiction of truck convoys coming down the trail?"
"So when you fly out looking for trucks, you know where they are?"
"Sort of...They don't have the whole trail covered and the sensors break down a lot and some get blown up; but it helps to know where to begin to look. Pretty cool, huh?"
"Wiley, I had no idea our country had this kind of technology. Sharon and I just bought a basic four-function, handheld calculator for a hundred bucks and thought that was high-tech. This level of technology never got into the news back home."
"It's not supposed to. The whole point is, you can sit back and watch all the sensors automatically fire off along the whole trail and see where the trucks are running any given night. Tonight we'll ask one of the geeks to point this handheld red-light gun they have to activate one of the sensors and we'll listen in. Sometimes you can hear the drivers bullshitting when they stop for dinner. If we're lucky, we might hear an airstrike. You can listen in on the fighter pilots' frequency and hear the explosions. It's a front-row, armchair-quarterback seat on the whole air war."
I was getting pumped up. "Incredible."
"The worst part of the TFA visit is coming back out to this part of the base. You step back in time forty years. It's depressing."
His story over, a silence grew between us. I looked around the room for something lighter to talk about. It was hard to miss his tall stacks of reel-to-reel audiotapes. Finally I said, "What are all these tapes? Where'd you get all of them? They must have cost a fortune. I couldn't afford all this stuff."
He shook his head. "I'm not rich...just single. The tapes are cheap and you'll need them because the only music they play on Armed Forces WNKP is our fathers' music. You know, Lawrence Welk, Mitch Miller, Andy Williams...that kind of crap...nothing any good. I got most of the tapes from Cheapskate Charlie up in Hong Kong. He makes pirated knockoff tapes of record albums you can't find here and sells them for a buck a tape...four tapes for three dollars. He'll make a special tape of anything you want."
"Isn't that illegal?"
"Hey!" Wiley answered sharply. "Music is the only thing that keeps us going...that and beer. Besides...we're on the other side of the planet getting our asses shot off every night at a place no one knows or gives a shit about. So who's gonna say anything?"
I stared at the mountain of equipment and tapes. "All I've got is a small clock radio, so I guess I'm stuck with Andy Williams."
"Well, you can come over anytime you want and listen to some good stuff. I know what it's like to be in that hellhole with Crazy Mark. I was his roommate until two days ago."
I suddenly realized where he'd gotten his plywood...my bed.
Then he bounced off his trampoline and said, "Let me show you my new sound system. I just finished dubbing this tape." He threw on a series of power switches along a whole wall of electronic equipment and the trailer began to hum like an electrical substation. The lights in Cleveland must have dimmed at the power draw as Marmalade whispered softly:
The changing...of sunlight...to moonlight Reflections of my life Ohhh, how they fill my eyes The greetings...of people...in trouble Reflections of my life Ohhh, how they fill my mind
The changing...of sunlight...to moonlight
Reflections of my life
Ohhh, how they fill my eyes
The greetings...of people...in trouble
Reflections of my life
Ohhh, how they fill my mind
Wiley closed his eyes and mouthed the chorus with the band:
All my sorrows, sad tomorrows Take me...back...to my own home All my cryings; all my cryings Feel I'm dying, dying Take me back...to my own home...
All my sorrows, sad tomorrows
Take me...back...to my own home
All my cryings; all my cryings
Feel I'm dying, dying
Take me back...to my own home...
Soon he grabbed a mike, threw the "on" switch, and started belting out a karaoke routine. He closed his eyes, rocked back on his heels, leaned back, and howled off-key with the tape. Over and over and over and over.
All my cryings; all my cryings, Feel I'm dying, dying...
All my cryings; all my cryings,
Feel I'm dying, dying...
It looked to be a two-hour tape containing nothing but the same song, "Reflections of My Life." I thought, what the hell have I gotten myself into? I had only met two guys and they were both certifiable...Crazy Mark and Weird Wiley.
After howling awhile, Wiley shoved a mike into my hand and said, "C'mon, John, you've got to get into this music. Give it a try."
"No thanks," I said quietly. "Maybe later," you crazy bastard. He shrugged it was my loss and whispered the next verse while I told myself, this is not going to happen to me. Not me. I can stay above it all. I'm stronger than they are. I'm going to stay just the way I am.
Wiley shook his head, rocked back, and screamed the chorus at the top of his lungs.
Copyright 2005 by John Halliday
Excerpted from Flying Through Midnight by John T. Halliday Copyright © 2005 by John T. Halliday. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
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This book is a MUST READ! Not just for the soldiers and their loved ones but for all who desire to learn some of lifes lessons! A true gem of wisdom, hope, and friendship. This Author tells his story with truth,grace,humor and poetry! A book so fitting for our times. Infact timeless in it's lifes lessons. Its had me rethinking times in my life with a new fresh twist.What a gift! An edge of your seat page turner!The worst part of this book was that it had to end! A true literary treasure to be passed down from generation to generation! John Halliday is a 'shockingly real' person and this book will have a profound impact on ALL who read it! Thanks John for this work of art! I hope you won't stop here! I look forward to many more Halliday books! Shawn C.(upstate N.Y)
I have been in and around flying my whole life, and I have never heard of such a great aviation story! John's writing style held my interest through every paragraph, right to the dramatic end.
Flying Through Midnight is a book you'll not want to put down. It's a must read for anyone who wants to know the truth of war. This is a book every citizen needs to read. Even if you don't agree with the war, our men and women in uniform deserve our support. What an eye opener!
In spite of Hollywood's attempts to glamorize war, it is a terrible concept and it changes participants drastically. Furthermore, in spite of the fact that more bombs were dropped on southeast asia than were dropped in WWII, very little TRUTH has been written about the Viet Nam air war. This book comprehensively covers all issues and as a BONUS, it relates the absolutely, positively ultimate aviation war story of ALL TIME. The reader will be taken on the rapid maturation of novice to combat vet, the reader will be shown how screwed up that whole war was with inept leadership and incompetent guidance and finally, the reader will be put in the cockpit of the most harrowing airborne emergency and unbelievably phenomenal recovery in aviation history. If you like aviation, if you like war, if you like suspense, if you like history..... THIS BOOK IS FOR YOU!!
In 1970, twenty-four years John T. Halliday reported to his unit, the 606th Special Operations Squadron in Thailand. Having little flight time outside of school, Halliday anticipates minor cargo deliveries until a seasoned pilot takes him up on an orientation trip that nukes the Air Force rule book. He begins to better understand the top secret mission of project 'Candlesticks' the bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos to include the emergency landing of his plane in the dangerous mountainous of northern Laos at the same time that Nixon denied any strikes in that country................ Timely with the reasons provided by the White House for the Iraq War, this is a terrific first hand account of a part of the Viet Nam War that the American government denied was happening. Thus all roads lead to John¿s struggle to safety at the same time Nixon says he and his compatriots do not exist (sound familiar?). Readers will see through the eyes of pilots dodging enemy fire while struggling with sanity as a form of battle fatigue sets in on pilots and crews. The war that never happened is a fabulous exposé of secret brutal missions as related by one of the insiders who provides readers with a deep account of what really occurred............... Harriet Klausner
You can not put this book down! I felt I was sitting or walking next to JT the whole book begging to end. The author gives you the whole gut seaaring fear the laughter the pain.I put it up there with the late Ed Rasmius book "when thunder rolled" it must be a classic for the secret war during Vietnam.
One of the professors at the college I work for is a character in this book. He said I wouldn't believe what happens in the book and he was right. Captain Halliday has a good writing style that makes feel as if you are a part of the action. Along with my personal investment due to my friend and colleague here, I was hooked from page 1.
I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book...found it riveting, moving and literally hard to put down. Great war time drama, some history of little known secret operations and lots of philosophy and meaning of life type of stuff. I do wonder, however, if this would have been better as a novel. Some of the dates and incidents don't jive, and the climatic event sounds more than embellished. Still, I would highly recommend this as a wonderful read you will thoroughly enjoy.
To me the title had a double meaning, which you have to read it to grasp the full meaning. As a retired USAF NCO this book pointed out how when the chips are down sometimes the hard fast rules have to be bent or broken to succeed. JT's description of cutting through the wall between officers and enlisted as well as some needless regulations pays dividends when its crunch time. His description of 'Desktop Pilots' and the 'Church of the Air Force' is still going on today as it was in the 20 years when I was serving. The use of his musical additions really sets the tone as well and makes the memories flow. I had a hard time putting this one down.