Focus on Writing: Paragraphs and Essays / Edition 2

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Overview

Focus on Writing offers students thorough coverage of writing college paragraphs and essays in a visually inviting format and with a unique tool for assessing and revising writing: the easy-to-grasp, easy-to-remember TEST method. Standing for Topic sentence or Thesis statement, Evidence, Summary statement, and Transitions, this practical tool helps students self-edit their writing for unity, support, and coherence. In this edition, best-selling authors Laurie Kirszner and Stephen Mandell expand on their detailed, step-by-step guidance for developing paragraphs; offer more coverage of critical reading and thinking, a new chapter on college success, research; and provide new student models that reflect realistic student work.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312603410
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 9/15/2010
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 816
  • Sales rank: 419,048
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

During their long collaboration, Laurie Kirszner and Stephen Mandell have written a number of best-selling college texts for Bedford/St. Martin's, including Patterns for College Writing, Foundations First, Writing First, Focus on Writing, and, most recently, Practical Argument. Laurie Kirszner is a Professor of English at the University of the Sciences, where she has taught composition, literature, creative writing, and scientific writing, and served as coordinator of the first-year writing program.  Stephen Mandell is a Professor of English at Drexel University, where he founded and directed the basic writing program and has taught composition, literature, speech, and technical and business writing.

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Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 Writing and College Success

HOW WRITING CAN HELP YOU SUCCEED

STRATEGIES FOR COLLEGE SUCCESS

a Orientation Strategies

b First-Week Strategies

c Day-to-Day Strategies

d Time-Management Strategies

e Note-Taking Strategies

f Homework Strategies

g Taking In-Class Essay Exams

h Taking Standardized Assessment Tests

i Strategies for Maintaining Academic Honesty

j Strategies for Staying Safe on Campus

WRITING PARAGRAPHS AND ESSAYS

UNIT 1 Focus on Paragraphs

CHAPTER 2 Understanding the Writing Process

STEP 1: PLANNING

a Focusing on Your Assignment, Purpose, and Audience

b Finding Ideas to Write About

       Freewriting

       Brainstorming

       Clustering

       Keeping a Journal

c Identifying Your Main Idea and Writing a Topic Sentence

STEP 2: ORGANIZING

d Choosing Supporting Points

e Developing Supporting Points

f Making an Outline

STEP 3: DRAFTING

g Drafting Your Paragraph

STEP 4: TESTing

h TESTing Your Paragraph

STEP 5: REVISING AND EDITING

i Revising Your Paragraph

Self-Assessment Checklist: Revising Your Paragraph

j Editing Your Paragraph

Self-Assessment Checklist: Editing Your Paragraph

Review Checklist: Writing a Paragraph

CHAPTER 3 TESTing Your Paragraphs

a TESTing for a Topic Sentence

b TESTing for Evidence

c TESTing for a Summary Statement

d TESTing for Transitions

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: TESTing Your Paragraphs

UNIT 2 Patterns of Paragraph Development

CHAPTER 4 Exemplification

a Exemplification Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes an Exemplification Paragraph

TESTing an Exemplification Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

CHAPTER 5 Narration

a Narrative Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes a Narrative Paragraph

TESTing a Narrative Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

CHAPTER 6 Description

a Descriptive Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes a Descriptive Paragraph

TESTing a Descriptive Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

CHAPTER 7 Process

a Process Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes a Process Paragraph

TESTing a Process Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

CHAPTER 8 Cause and Effect

a Cause-and-Effect Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph

TESTing a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

CHAPTER 9 Comparison and Contrast

a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph

TESTing a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

CHAPTER 10 Classification

a Classification Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes a Classification Paragraph

TESTing a Classification Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

CHAPTER 11 Definition

a Definition Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes a Definition Paragraph

TESTing a Definition Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

CHAPTER 12 Argument

a Argument Paragraphs

b Case Study: A Student Writes an Argument Paragraph

TESTing an Argument Paragraph

c Writing about Visuals

UNIT 3 Focus on Essays

CHAPTER 13 Writing an Essay

STEP 1: PLANNING

a Understanding Essay Structure

b Moving from Assignment to Topic

c Finding Ideas to Write About

       Freewriting

       Brainstorming

       Keeping a Journal

d Stating Your Thesis

STEP 2: ORGANIZING

e Choosing Supporting Points

f Making an Outline

STEP 3: DRAFTING

g Drafting Your Essay

STEP 4: TESTing

h TESTing Your Essay

STEP 5: REVISING AND EDITING

i Revising Your Essay

Self-Assessment Checklist: Revising Your Essay

j Editing Your Essay

Self-Assessment Checklist: Editing Your Essay

k Checking Your Essay’s Format

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Writing an Essay

CHAPTER 14 TESTing Your Essays

a TESTing for a Thesis

b TESTing for Evidence

c TESTing for a Summary Statement

d TESTing for Transitions

e Putting It Together

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: TESTing Your Essays

CHAPTER 15 Introductions and Conclusions

a Introductions

       Beginning with a Narrative

       Beginning with a Question (or a Series of Questions)

       Beginning with a Definition

       Beginning with a Quotation

       Beginning with a Surprising Statement

b Conclusions

       Concluding with a Narrative

       Concluding with a Recommendation

       Concluding with a Quotation

       Concluding with a Prediction

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Introductions and Conclusions

CHAPTER 16 Patterns of Essay Development

a Exemplification Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes an Exemplification Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing an Exemplification Essay

TESTing an Exemplification Essay

b Narrative Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes a Narrative Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Narrative Essay

TESTing a Narrative Essay

c Descriptive Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes a Descriptive Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Descriptive Essay

TESTing a Descriptive Essay

d Process Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes a Process Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Process Essay

TESTing a Process Essay

e Cause-and-Effect Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes a Cause-and-Effect Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Cause-and-Effect Essay

TESTing a Cause-and-Effect Essay

f Comparison-and-Contrast Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay

TESTing a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay

g Classification Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes a Classification Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Classification Essay

TESTing a Classification Essay

h Definition Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes a Definition Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Definition Essay

TESTing a Definition Essay

i Argument Essays

Case Study: A Student Writes an Argument Essay

Step-by-Step Guide: Writing an Argument Essay

TESTing an Argument Essay

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Patterns of Essay Development

UNIT 4 Research

CHAPTER 17 Writing a Research Paper

a Choosing a Topic

b Doing Research

       Finding Information in the Library

       Finding Information on the Internet

       Evaluating Sources

c Taking Notes

       Paraphrasing

       Summarizing

       Quoting

       Working Sources into Your Writing

       Synthesizing

d Watching Out for Plagiarism

e Developing a Thesis

f Making an Outline

g Writing Your Paper

h Documenting Your Sources

       Parenthetical References in the Text

       The Works-Cited List

       Sample MLA-Style Paper

Chapter Review

REVISING AND EDITING YOUR WRITING

UNIT 5 Writing Effective Sentences

Chapter 18 Writing Simple Sentences

a Subjects

b Prepositional Phrases

c Verbs

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Writing Simple Sentences

Chapter 19 Writing Compound Sentences

a Using Coordinating Conjunctions

b Using Semicolons

c Using Transitional Words and Phrases

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Writing Compound Sentences

Chapter 20 Writing Complex Sentences

a Identifying Complex Sentences

b Using Subordinating Conjunctions

c Using Relative Pronouns

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Writing Complex Sentences

Chapter 21 Writing Varied Sentences

a Varying Sentence Types

b Varying Sentence Openings

c Combining Sentences

d Mixing Long and Short Sentences

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Writing Varied Sentences

Chapter 22 Using Parallelism

a Recognizing Parallel Structure

b Using Parallel Structure

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Using Parallelism

Chapter 23 Using Words Effectively

a Using Specific Words

b Using Concise Language

c Avoiding Slang

d Avoiding Clichés

e Using Similes and Metaphors

 f Avoiding Sexist Language

g Commonly Confused Words

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Using Words Effectively

Unit Review

UNIT 6 Solving Common Sentence Problems

Chapter 24 Run-Ons

a Recognizing Run-Ons

b Correcting Run-Ons

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Run-Ons

Chapter 25 Fragments

a Recognizing Fragments

b Missing-Subject Fragments

c Phrase Fragments

d -ing Fragments

e Dependent Clause Fragments

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Fragments

Chapter 26 Subject-Verb Agreement

a Understanding Subject-Verb Agreement 

b Compound Subjects

c Be, Have, and Do

d Words between Subject and Verb

e Collective Noun Subjects

f Indefinite Pronoun Subjects

g Verbs before Subjects

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Subject-Verb Agreement

Chapter 27  Illogical Shifts

a Shifts in Tense

b Shifts in Person

c Shifts in Voice

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Illogical Shifts

Chapter 28 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers

a Correcting Misplaced Modifiers

b Correcting Dangling Modifiers

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers

Unit Review

UNIT 7 Understanding Basic Grammar

Chapter 29 Verbs: Past Tense

a Regular Verbs

b Irregular Verbs

c Problem Verbs: Be

d Problem Verbs: Can/Could and Will/Would

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Verbs: Past Tense

Chapter 30 Verbs: Past Participles

a Regular Past Participles

b Irregular Past Participles

c The Present Perfect Tense

d The Past Perfect Tense

e Past Participles as Adjectives

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Verbs: Past Participles

Chapter 31 Nouns and Pronouns

a Identifying Nouns

b Forming Plural Nouns

c Identifying Pronouns

d Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

e Special Problems with Agreement

f Vague and Unnecessary Pronouns

g Pronoun Case

h Special Problems with Pronoun Case

i Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Nouns and Pronouns

Chapter 32 Adjectives and Adverbs

a Identifying Adjectives and Adverbs

b Comparatives and Superlatives

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Adjectives and Adverbs

Chapter 33 Grammar and Usage for ESL Writers

a Subjects in Sentences

b Plural Nouns

c Count and Noncount Nouns

d Determiners with Count and Noncount Nouns

e Articles

f Negative Statements and Questions 

g Verb Tense 

h Stative Verbs 

i Modal Auxiliaries 

j Gerunds 

k Placing Modifiers in Order 

l Choosing Prepositions 

m Prepositions in Familiar Expressions

n Prepositions in Phrasal Verbs

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Grammar and Usage for ESL Writers

Unit Review

UNIT 8 Understanding Punctuation and Mechanics

Chapter 34 Using Commas

a Commas in a Series

b Commas with Introductory Phrases and Transitional Words and Phrases

c Commas with Appositives

d Commas with Nonrestrictive Clauses

e Commas in Dates and Addresses

f Unnecessary Commas

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Using Commas

Chapter 35 Using Apostrophes

a Apostrophes in Contractions

b Apostrophes in Possessives 

c Incorrect Use of Apostrophes

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Using Apostrophes

Chapter 36 Understanding Mechanics

a Capitalizing Proper Nouns

b Punctuating Direct Quotations

c Setting Off Titles

d Hyphens

e Abbreviations

f Numbers

g Using Minor Punctuation Marks

Chapter Review

Review Checklist: Understanding Mechanics

BECOMING A CRITICAL READER

Unit 9 Reading Essays

Chapter 37 Reading Critically

a Previewing

b Highlighting

c Annotating

d Outlining

e Summarizing

f Writing a Response Paragraph

g Reading in the Classroom, in the Community, and in the Workplace

       Reading Textbooks

       Reading News Articles

       Reading on the Job

Review Checklist: Reading Critically

Chapter 38 Readings for Writers

a Exemplification

"The Case for Short Words," Richard Lederer

"Around the World, Women Are on the Move," Richard Rodriguez

b Narration

"The Sanctuary of School," Lynda Barry

"My Half-Baked Bubble," Joshuah Bearman

c Description

"Fish Cheeks," Amy Tan

"A Fable for Tomorrow," Rachel Carson

d Process

"How to Mummify a Pharaoh," Adam Goodheart

"My Grandmother’s Dumpling," Amy Ma

e Cause and Effect

"How Facebook Is Making Friending Obsolete," Julia Angwin

"The Seat Not Taken," John Edgar Wideman

f Comparison and Contrast

"The Twin Revolutions of Lincoln and Darwin," Steven Conn

"Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus," John Gray

g Classification

"The Men We Carry in Our Minds," Scott Russell Sanders

"The Dog Ate My Flash Drive, and Other Tales of Woe," Carolyn Foster Segal

h Definition

"Quinceañera," Julia Alvarez

"I Want a Wife," Judy Brady

i Argument

"In Praise of the F Word," Mary Sherry

"Dnt Txt N Drv," Oprah Winfrey

"The Guns of Academe," Adam Winkler

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