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Destination: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward IslandCanada's maritime provinces Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia are, along with Newfoundland and Labrador, bound by tradition and geography to the sea. Each province has a distinct personality, but the Atlantic Ocean and the other great bodies of water that flow into it from further inland the Bay of Fundy with its mighty tides, the warm Baie des Chaleurs, and the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which in poneer days was part of Canada's nautical highway to the world have influenced the lifestyle and culture of the more than 2 million people who live here.FlavorsFish and seafood are what Atlantic Canada is known for. Some dining establishments still serve food the old-fashioned way deep fried, with lashings of calorie-laden sauce. In the larger cities such as Halifax and St. John's, better choices are available. Along with fish and seafood, you can find a good selection of international and ethnic dishes. If you want to go local, stick to lobster, mussels, scallops, salmon, and cod.The Great Outdoors
Atlantic Canada has many provincial and national parks where campers and day-trippers can engage in all kinds of outdoor activities, including water sports such as canoeing, kayaking, and sailing.BIKING: Eastern Canada offers some of the best bicycling in the country, from the flats of Prince Edward Island to the varied terrain of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Write to the provincial tourist boards for their road-maps (which are more detailed than the maps available at gas stations) and information on local cycling associations.BOATING:The presence of the Atlantic coastline, major rivers, and smaller lakes, has made boating extremely popular throughout Atlantic Canada. Boat, canoe, and kayak rentals are widely available, and provincial tourism departments can provide lists of sources.FISHING: Anglers can find their catch in Atlantic Canada, although restrictions, seasons, license requirements, and catch limits vary from province to province. In addition, a special fishing permit is required to fish in all national parks; it can be obtained at any national park site, for a nominal fee. Nova Scotia has some of the most stringent freshwater restrictions in Canada, but the availability of Atlantic salmon, speckled trout, and striped bass makes the effort worthwhile. Salmon, trout, and black bass are abundant in the waters of New Brunswick, and although many salmon pools in the streams and rivers are leased to private freeholders, either individuals or clubs, fly fishing is still readily available for visitors. The waters surrounding Prince Edward Island have some of the best deep-sea tuna fishing. Newfoundland offers cod, mackerel, salmon, and sea trout in the Atlantic and speckled trout and rainbow trout in its fresh waters.SCUBA DIVING: More than 3,000 shipwrecks lie off the coast of Nova Scotia, making it particularly attractive to divers. The provincial Department of Tourism can provide details on the location of wrecks and where to buy or rent equipment.WHALE-WATCHING: The waters around Newfoundland offer excellent whale-watching, and giant humpbacks, right whales, finbacks, and minke whales can be seen in the Bay of Fundy. Boat trips are available from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.