Folk Psychology: The Theory of Mind Debate

Overview

Many philosophers and psychologists argue that normal adult human beings possess a primitive or 'folk' psychological theory. Recently, however, this theory has come under challenge from the simulation alternative . This alternative view says that human bings are able to predict and explain each others' actions by using the resources of their own minds to simuate the psychological etiology of the actions of others. The thirteen essays in this volume present the foundations of theory of mind debate, and are ...

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Overview

Many philosophers and psychologists argue that normal adult human beings possess a primitive or 'folk' psychological theory. Recently, however, this theory has come under challenge from the simulation alternative . This alternative view says that human bings are able to predict and explain each others' actions by using the resources of their own minds to simuate the psychological etiology of the actions of others. The thirteen essays in this volume present the foundations of theory of mind debate, and are accompanied by an extensive introduction.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Martin Davies is Wilde Reader in Mnetal Philosophy in the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Corpus Christi College. He was formerly a Lecturer and then Reader in Philosophy at Birkbeck College, London. He has published widely in the areas of philosophy of language, mind and psychology, and from 1989 to 1995 was Executive Editor of the Journal Mind and Langusge (Blackwell Publishers).

Tony Stone is Head of the Psychology Group and Director of the Modular Programme at King Alfred's College of Higher Education, Winchester. He has published papers on the philosophy of psychology, and is currently working on a book on the philosophical issues raised by cognitive neuropsychology.

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Table of Contents

List of Contributors
Acknowledgements
Introduction 1
1 Replication and Functionalism 45
2 Folk Psychology as Simulation 60
3 Interpretation Psychologized 74
4 The Simulation Theory: Objections and Misconceptions 100
5 Folk Psychology: Simulation or Tacit Theory? 123
6 'He Thinks He Knows': And More Developmental Evidence Against the Simulation (Role-taking) Theory 159
7 Reply to Stich and Nichols 174
8 Reply to Perner and Howes 185
9 In Defense of the Simulation Theory 191
10 From Simulation to Folk Psychology: The Case for Development 207
11 Why the Child's Theory of Mind Really Is a Theory 232
12 Reading the Eyes: Evidence for the Role of Perception in the Development of a Theory of Mind 259
13 Theory, Observation, and Drama 274
Index of Authors 291
Index of Subjects 295
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