Food Fights over Free Trade: How International Institutions Promote Agricultural Trade Liberalization

Food Fights over Free Trade: How International Institutions Promote Agricultural Trade Liberalization

by Christina L. Davis
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691122547

ISBN-13: 9780691122540

Pub. Date: 04/18/2005

Publisher: Princeton University Press

This detailed account of the politics of opening agricultural markets explains how the institutional context of international negotiations alters the balance of interests at the domestic level to favor trade liberalization despite opposition from powerful farm groups. Historically, agriculture stands out as a sector in which countries stubbornly defend domestic

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Overview

This detailed account of the politics of opening agricultural markets explains how the institutional context of international negotiations alters the balance of interests at the domestic level to favor trade liberalization despite opposition from powerful farm groups. Historically, agriculture stands out as a sector in which countries stubbornly defend domestic programs, and agricultural issues have been the most frequent source of trade disputes in the postwar trading system. While much protection remains, agricultural trade negotiations have resulted in substantial concessions as well as negotiation collapses. Food Fights over Free Trade shows that the liberalization that has occurred has been due to the role of international institutions.

Christina Davis examines the past thirty years of U.S. agricultural trade negotiations with Japan and Europe based on statistical analysis of an original dataset, case studies, and in-depth interviews with over one hundred negotiators and politicians. She shows how the use of issue linkage and international law in the negotiation structure transforms narrow interest group politics into a more broad-based decision process that considers the larger stakes of the negotiation. Even when U.S. threats and the spiraling budget costs of agricultural protection have failed to bring policy change, the agenda, rules, and procedures of trade negotiations have often provided the necessary leverage to open Japanese and European markets.

This book represents a major contribution to understanding the negotiation process, agricultural politics, and the impact of international institutions on domestic politics.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691122540
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
04/18/2005
Pages:
416
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
1Introduction1
INegotiation Structure and Trade Liberalization35
2Framework for Analysis of Negotiations37
3Patterns of Agricultural Liberalization70
IIU.S.-Japan Trade Negotiations113
4Farm Politics in Japan115
5Legal Framing and Quota Policies135
6Linkages in Comprehensive Negotiations178
IIIU.S-EU Trade Negotiations225
7Farm Politics in the European Union227
8Two Rounds of Negotiating CAP254
9Battles over Beef314
IVConclusion343
10Comparative Perspectives345
App.: Descriptive Statistics367
Bibliography369
Index387

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