Food Irradiation Research and Technology / Edition 2by Xuetong Fan
Pub. Date: 11/28/2012
The benefits of food irradiation to the public health have been described extensively by organizations such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the USA and the World Health Organization. The American Medical Association and the American Dietetic Association have both endorsed the irradiation process. Yet the potential health benefits of irradiation
The benefits of food irradiation to the public health have been described extensively by organizations such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the USA and the World Health Organization. The American Medical Association and the American Dietetic Association have both endorsed the irradiation process. Yet the potential health benefits of irradiation are unknown to many consumers and food industry representatives who are wary of irradiated foods due to myth-information from “consumer-advocate” groups.
This updated second edition of Food Irradiation Research and Technology reviews the latest developments in irradiation technologies as they are applied to meat, seafood fish, fruits, vegetables and nuts. Experts from industry, government, and academia define the basic principles and public health benefits of irradiation.
New chapters in this edition address irradiation chemistry, including furan formation due to irradiation, irradiation of packaging materials, processing irradiation technologies and parameters, and ready-to-eat meat products. Coverage of safety and quality of fresh fruits and vegetables, phytosanitary applications and consumer acceptance has been expanded to address recent interest and development.
The book is designed to appeal to a broad readership: industry food scientists involved in the processing of meat and fish, fruits and vegetables; food microbiologists and radiation processing specialists; and government and industry representatives involved in the import and export of food commodities.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors.
Chapter 1. Introduction: Food Irradiation Moving On (Joseph Borsa).
Chapter 2. Advances in Gamma Ray, Electron Beam, and X-ray Technologies for Food Irradiation (Marshall R. Cleland).
Chapter 3. Regulation of Irradiated Foods and Packaging (George H. Pauli).
Chapter 4. Toxicological Safety of Irradiated Foods (Christopher H. Sommers, Henry Delincée, J. Scott Smith, and Eric Marchioni).
Chapter 5. Consumer Acceptance and Marketing of Irradiated Foods (Ronald F. Eustice and Christine M. Bruhn).
Chapter 6. Detection of Irradiated Foods (Eric Marchioni).
Chapter 7. Dosimetry for Food Processing and Research Applications (Kishor Mehta and Kevin O'Hara).
Chapter 8. Mechanisms and Prevention of Quality Changes in Meat by Irradiation (Doug U. Ahn and E.J. Lee).
Chapter 9. Irradiation as a Phytosanitary Treatment for Fresh Horticultural Commodities: Research and Regulations (Peter A. Follett and Robert L. Griffin).
Chapter 10. Low-Dose Irradiation of Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce: Safety, Sensory, and Shelf Life (Brendan A. Niemira and Xuetong Fan).
Chapter 11. Irradiation of Seafood with a Particular Emphasis (on Listeria monocytogenes in Ready-to-Eat Products (Denise M. Foley).
Chapter 12. Ionizing Radiation of Eggs (I. Álvarez, B.A. Niemira, X. Fan, and C.H. Sommers).
Chapter 13. Irradiation Treatment of Nuts (Akua Kwakwa and Anuradha Prakash).
Chapter 14. Irradiated Ground Beef for the National School Lunch Program (Xuetong Fan).
Chapter 15. Potential Applications of Ionizing Radiation (Myung-Woo Byun, Cheorun Jo, and Ju-Woon Lee).
Chapter 16. A Future Uncertain: Food Irradiation from a Legal Perspective (Denis W. Stearns).
Chapter 17. Technical Challenges and Research Directions in Electronic Food Pasteurization (Suresh D. Pillai, Les Braby, and Joe Maxim).
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Ch. 2: Junkas<_>s Erbu<_>tt <p>It's a fairly simple procedure. Write your name on the book, draw a picture, and use the rest of the notebook to write a story. As a pen-is-mightier-than-the-shi<_>tty-sword kind of guy, I know my way around a book. The blueblood kid who caught my attention and happens to be sitting next to me is having some trouble, though, as expressed not only by his furrowed brows and look of concentration but the blank pages beneath his clawed hands. <p>"Need some help there?" <p>I find myself asking, in the smooth, edged voice one as<_>sociates with trolls more easily than humans. What am I doing? He looks up, a slight bit of panic in his blue-and-yellow eyes, before it calms and he smiles at me. He has only one set of fangs that are almost like buckteeth, making him look pretty cute. I direct my thoughts away from that as he speaks. <p>"Yeah, if you could that'd be great." <p>He speaks in a slightly nasally tone, one that immediately makes me think NERD very loudly in my head but I keep my smirk intact. I sneak a glance at his notebook and almost laugh. <p>"Your name is Junka<_>ss?" <p>I cover my mouth with a hand in an attempt to stifle my 'snrrk' but he looks upset anyways, running his fingers over one of his horns. <p>"Actually, It's Junkas..." <p>He pronounces it 'yoon-cuss' and looks hurt, staring at the notebook and not me. I start to feel guilty, noticing some of the snickers and dirty looks he's getting now that I laughed at his name. He must get bullied a lot, despite his blood he doesn't seem like he would hurt a fly. I swallow a little. <p>"Hey, man, I didn't mean..." <p>I trail off, not knowing what to say but instead going back to my drawing. Junkas continues to stare at the blank pages of his notebook as if he can make them fill themselves with his mind. I start to write a story about a world dominated by humans where trolls are near-extinct, talking about how they - 'we' - would be put in zoos and laughed at, treated as inferior. Near the end of the period the blueblooded boy taps my shoulder, smiling a little. He asks me about my next class and it turns out we have physics together, though he isn't as excited about it as I am. I offer to help him with his homework, and... we really seem to be hitting it off if I do say so myself. <p>'Although,' my conscience reminds me. 'If you get any closer to this kid he's going to figure out what you are and tear you to bits.' <p>I frown a little but Junkas just smiles at me, filling me with an irradiating warmth and I try not to blush. <p>'Shut the hel<_>l up.' I tell my conscience.