Food Regulation and Trade: Towards a Safe and Open Global Food System

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Josling (emeritus Food Research Institute, Stanford Institute for International Studies), Donna Roberts, an economist with the US Department of Agriculture, and David Orden (International Food Policy Research Institute, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State U.) contend that international institutions have a broad role to play in improving the performance of regulatory authorities in providing safe food and preventing the spread of animal and plant disease, and that governments should be relegated to preventing misleading claims. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780881323467
  • Publisher: Peterson Institute for International Economics
  • Publication date: 7/28/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 275
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgments xiii
1 Food Regulation in an Open Economy 1
Globalization of the Food Supply 3
Objectives and Organization of This Book 7
2 Trade-Related Regulations in the Global Food System 13
Economic Rationales for Food Regulation 14
Classification of Regulations 16
Risk Analysis and Appropriate Degrees of Caution 25
Trade Effects of Food Regulations 26
Science and Economics in Risk-Reducing Regulations 28
Capture of Regulations by Producers or Consumers 31
Welfare-Enhancing Regulation of Food Trade 32
3 Global Food Regulatory Framework 35
Multilateral Governance of Food Regulation 35
The SPS Agreement 40
The TBT Agreement 51
The TRIPS Agreement 56
Enforcement of the Multilateral Disciplines 59
The Doha Development Agenda Negotiations 75
4 Control of Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases 77
Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases and Their Control 78
Trade Issues Related to Agricultural Pests and Diseases 80
Animal and Plant Regulations in Practice 82
Managing Agricultural Trade in the Presence of Risks 98
5 Food Safety and Control of Human Health Hazards 101
Food Safety Regulation 102
Trade Issues and Food Safety 104
Controlling Natural Food-Borne Pathogens 106
The Health Effects of Yield-Enhancing Inputs 114
Managing Trade-Related Food Safety Issues 125
6 Regulating Quality Through Labeling and Standards 127
Private and Public Provision of Information 128
Food Quality Regulations in Practice 131
Impacts of Labeling and Standards on Trade 146
7 Emerging Food Regulation Issues 151
Scope for Trade Conflicts 152
Labeling Process Attributes 155
International Regulation of Process Attributes 156
Recent Regulatory Developments: Genetically Modified Foods, Organics, and Animal Welfare 160
The Challenges Ahead 181
8 Toward a Safe and Open Global Food Supply 185
Assessment of the State of Food Regulation 187
Role of the WTO in the Food Regulatory Framework 193
Recommendations for Improving Regulation 199
Seizing the Opportunities from Trade 205
References 207
Acronyms 217
Index 219
Table 1.1 Trade patterns in agricultural, forestry, and fishery products 4
Table 2.1 Classification scheme for food regulations 18
Table 3.1 Number of complaints about regulations brought before the WTO's SPS Committee, 1995-2001 61
Table 3.2 WTO disputes over regulation of agricultural product safety and quality, 1995-2002 64
Table 3.3 Decisions in the four SPS cases heard by WTO panels and the Appellate Body 70
Table 4.1 Risk reduction under a systems approach to Mexican avocado imports 84
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