Food Security and Environmental Quality in the Developing World

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Overview

Can developing countries meet the food requirements of their growing populations without jeopardizing a natural resource base that is already under great stress?

Can increases in food production achieved in the past two decades be sustained in the next two decades?

Can developing countries achieve freedom from hunger and malnutrition for their entire populations?

How can food security be reconciled with environment quality in an industrializing society?

Leading authorities, from soil scientists to economists, address these critical questions in Food Security and Environmental Quality in the Developing World. With a focus on India, this book reviews the state of natural resources, fertilizer and energy needs, and the potential importance of biotechnology as they affect all developing countries. It then addresses issues pertaining to water quality, agricultural chemicals, and pesticide residues on food. Part Three examines water harvesting, post-harvest food losses, storage and processing of animal products, and sustainability and inequality issues. The next sections deal with poverty alleviation, microfinance, gender equity, policy issues, and the role of the public sector. Finally, the book considers emerging issues and priorities.

Developing countries have achieved an impressive increase in total food production over the past two decades, but at a high cost to environmental quality. As the populations of these countries continue to grow, soil degradation, pollution and contamination of natural waters, deteriorating air quality, and growing dependence on expensive and diminishing fossil fuels become increasing concerns. Food Security and Environmental Quality in the Developing World takes on the crucial challenge of enhancing agricultural production while reversing the alarming trends in soil and environmental degradation.

Can developing countries meet the food requirements of their growing populations without jeopardizing a natural resource base that is already under great stress?Can increases in food production achieved in the past two decades be sustained in the next two decades?Can developing countries achieve freedom from hunger and malnutrition for their entire populations?How can food security be reconciled with environment quality in an industrializing society?Leading authorities, from soil scientists to economists, address these critical questions in Food Security and Environmental Quality in the Developing World. With a focus on India, this book reviews the state of natural resources, fertilizer and energy needs, and the potential importance of biotechnology as they affect all developing countries. It then addresses issues pertaining to water quality, agricultural chemicals, and pesticide residues on food. Part Three examines water harvesting, post-harvest food losses, storage and processing of animal products, and sustainability and inequality issues. The next sections deal with poverty alleviation, microfinance, gender equity, policy issues, and the role of the public sector. Finally, the book considers emerging issues and priorities.Developing countries have achieved an impressive increase in total food production over the past two decades, but at a high cost to environmental quality. As the populations of these countries continue to grow, soil degradation, pollution and contamination of natural waters, deteriorating air quality, and growing dependence on expensive and diminishing fossil fuels become increasing concerns. Food Security and Environmental Quality in the Developing World takeson the crucial challenge of enhancing agricultural production while reversing the alarming trends in soil and environmental degradation.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Thirty-one contributions, large portions of which focus on India, address issues of food security in areas of the world that are facing massive population growth. Separate sections deal with the state of natural resources, energy needs, and biotechnology; issues pertaining to water quality and the use of agricultural chemicals; issues of water harvesting, storage and processing of animal products, and sustainability and inequality; policy issues and the public sector; and issues of poverty alleviation, microfinance, and gender equity. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781566705943
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 7/29/2002
  • Pages: 480
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.15 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface, R. Lal, D.O. Hansen, N. Uphoff and S. Slack

Foreword, L. Brown

FOOD DEMAND AND SUPPLY
The Century of Hope, M.S. Swaminathan
Natural Resources of India, R. Lal
Food Security: Is India at Risk? D. Umali-Deininger and S. Shapouri
Fertilizer Needs to Enhance Production: Challenges Facing India, A. Roy
Economic Impacts of Agricultural Soil Degradation in Asia, S.J. Scherr
Soil Degradation as a Threat to Food Security, R.P. Narwal, B.R. Singh, and R.S. Antil
Importance of Biotechnology in Global Food Security, P. Jauhar and G.S. Khush
Energy Inputs in Crop Production in Developing and Developed Countries, D. Pimentel, R. Doughty, C. Carothers, S. Lamberson, N. Bora, and K. Lee

ENVIRONMENT QUALITY
Environmental Conflict and Agricultural Intensification in India, G. Vasudeva
Water Quality and Agricultural Chemicals, R. Kanwar
Factors Influencing Environmental Degradation and Pollution in India, C. Edwards
Agricultural Chemicals and the Environment, D. Pimentel
Applying Grades and Standards of Reducing Pesticide Residues to Access Global Markets, K.V. Raman
Reconciling Food Security and Environment Quality through Strategic Interventions for Poverty Reduction, A. Seth

TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS
Ensuring Food Security and Environment Stewardship in the 21st Century, S.K. DeDatta
Water Harvesting and Management to Alleviate Drought Stress, G.W. Frasier
Post Harvest Food Losses to Pests in India, D. Pimentel, K.V. Raman
Storage and Processing of Agricultural Products, J.A. Narvhus
Post Harvest Food Technology for Village Operations, P. Hansen
Reconciling Animal Food Products with Security and Environment Quality, H.W. Ockerman and L. Basu
Sustainable Agriculture on a Populous and Industrialized Landscape: Building Ecosystem Vitality and Productivity, R. Harwood
Poverty and Inequality: A Life Chances Perspective, N. Uphoff

POVERTY AND EQUITY
Global Food Security, Environmental Sustainability and Poverty Alleviation: Complementary or Contradictory Goals? W.B. Lacy, L.R. Lacy, and D.O. Hansen
Poverty and Inequality: A Life Chances Perspective, N. Uphoff
Microfinance, Poverty Alleviation and Improving Food Security: Implications for India, R.L. Meyer
Poverty and Gender in Indian Food Security: Assessing Measures of Inequity, P. Robbins

POLICY ISSUES
Priorities for Policy Reform in Indian Agriculture, P. Hazell
The Role of Public Sector in Achieving Food Security, G.E. Schuh
Global Food Supply and Demand Projections and Implications for
Indian Agricultural Policy, L. Tweeten
Context, Concepts and Policy on Poverty and Inequality, F.J. Hitzhusen
Sustainable Development: Some Economic Considerations, A. Randall

ISSUES AND PRIORITIES
Reconciling Food Security with Environment Quality in the 21st Century, N. Uphoff, R. Lal, D. Hansen, and S. Slack

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