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Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

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Overview

What are the implications of the WTO's Agreement on Agriculture for food security in poor countries? Are economic reforms and high growth rates in some countries protecting the well-being of the poor by improving the status of nutrition? Are we measuring hunger adequately? Do we need new tools and indicators? Does women's socio-economic status matter for child-health? Are targeted programmes successful in identifying and helping the truly needy?

Despite the scale of human suffering inflicted by malnutrition, the fight against world hunger has recently been overshadowed by the campaign to end poverty. The emergence of the WTO and the freeing of agricultural trade, for example, have serious implications for hunger and food security in many countries, yet this is an area that is relatively understudied. This book aims to fill this gap by providing a significant collection of essays from mainstream academia and prominent international organizations working for food security. Examining food security across regions, the book tackles food security at three distinct levels-national, household, and individual. Other topics included are: attempts to improve measurement tools; the applications of existing tools for empirical analysis using household data, and; the impact of trade openness on national food security.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis is a Senior Research Fellow at UNU-WIDER. He is a PhD from the University of Rochester and worked for IGIDR (Mumbai), ICRIER (New Delhi) and The Exim Bank of India. His research interests include international economics, development economics and financial economics.
Shabd S. Acharya is Honorary Professor at the Institute of Development Studies, Jaipur, Vice President of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and President of the Agricultural Economics Research Association of India. He is published extensively in agricultural economics, agricultural marketing, and agricultural development and policy.
Benjamin Davis is an economist with the Agricultural Development Economics Division of the FAO. His research focuses on the interplay between off farm activities, migration, food security and rural development.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures xi

List of Tables xii

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations xvii

Notes on Contributors xxi

1 Introduction Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis Shabd S. Acharya Benjamin Davis 1

Part I Issues in Measurement and the Quantitative Analysis of Food Security

2 Measuring Food Security Using Respondents' Perception of Food Consumption Adequacy Mauro Migotto Benjamin Davis Calogero Carletto Kathleen Beegle 13

3 Measures of Food Insecurity at the Household Level Indranil Dutta Craig Gundersen 42

4 Tomorrow's Hunger: A Framework for Analysing Vulnerability to Food Security Christian Romer Lovendal Marco Knowles 62

5 Women's Status and Children's Food Security in Pakistan Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis Gautam Hazarika 95

6 The Changing Pattern of Undernutrition in India: A Comparative Analysis Across Regions Brinda Viswanathan J. V. Meenakshi 109

7 Food Security in Vietnam During the 1990s: The Empirical Evidence Vasco Molini 129

8 Measuring the Efficacy of Targeted Schemes: Public Works Programmes in India Nilabja Ghosh Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis 150

Part II Trade Openness, the WTO, and Food Security

9 The Impact of Domestic and International Commodity Price Volatility on Agricultural Income Instability in Ghana, Vietnam, and Peru George Rapsomanikis Alexander Sarris 179

10 Agricultural Support Measures of Developed Countries and Food Insecurity in Developing Countries Michael Herrmann 206

11 An Analysis of the Potential Impact of the Current WTO Agricultural Negotiations on Government Strategies in the SADC Region James Hodge Andrew Charman 239

12 International Trade, Food Security, and the Response to the WTO in South Asian Countries Ramesh Chand 262

13 Doesthe WTO Agreement on Agriculture Endanger Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa? Samuel K. Gayi 284

14 Food Retailing, Supermarkets, and Food Security: Highlights from Latin America Mehmet Arda 322

Index 345

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