Fools and Jesters in Literature, Art, and History: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook

Fools and Jesters in Literature, Art, and History: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook

by Vicki Janik
     
 

ISBN-10: 0313297851

ISBN-13: 9780313297854

Pub. Date: 09/05/2000

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

Jesters and fools have existed as important and consistent figures in nearly all cultures. Sometimes referred to as clowns, they are typological characters who have conventional roles in the arts, often using nonsense to subvert existing order. But fools are also a part of social and religious history, and they frequently play key roles in the rituals that support

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Overview

Jesters and fools have existed as important and consistent figures in nearly all cultures. Sometimes referred to as clowns, they are typological characters who have conventional roles in the arts, often using nonsense to subvert existing order. But fools are also a part of social and religious history, and they frequently play key roles in the rituals that support and shape a society's system of beliefs. This reference book includes alphabetically arranged entries for approximately 60 fools and jesters from a wide range of cultures. Included are entries for performers from American popular culture, such as Woody Allen, Mae West, Charlie Chaplin, and the Marx Brothers; literary characters, such as Shakespeare's Falstaff, Rabelais' Gargantua and Pantagruel, and Singer's Gimpel; and cultural and mythological figures, such as India's Birbal, the American circus clown, the Native American Coyote, Taishu Engeki of Japan, Hephaestus, Loki the Norse fool, schlimiels and schlimazels, and the drag queen.

The entries, written by expert contributors, are critical as well as informative. Each begins with a biographical, artistic, religious, or historical background section, which places the subject within a larger cultural and historical context. A description and analysis follow. This section may include a discussion of the fool's appearance, gender role, ethical and moral roles, social function, and relationship to such themes as nature, time, and mortality. The entry then discusses the critical reception of the subject and concludes with an extensive bibliography of general works.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780313297854
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
09/05/2000
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
572
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.44(d)
Lexile:
1380L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Woody Allen: The Clown as Tragic Hero by Douglas Brode

The Anthropology of Fools by C. Todd White

Robert Armin by Edmund Miller

Archy Armstrong by Dana E. Aspinall

The Badin by Yvonne LeBlanc

Lucille Ball by Bruce Henderson

Jean Louis Barrault by Barry John Capella

Beckett's Postmodern Clowns: Vladimir (Didi), Estragon (Gogo), Pozzo, and Lucky by Donald Perret

Jack Benny by Janice Keller

Birbal by Karen Treanor

The Bishop of Fools by Simonette Cochis

George Burns and Gracie Allen: The Jewish Vaudeville Tradition by Marcia B. Littenberg

The Camp by C. Todd White

Canio-Pagliacco and Petrouchka by William D. West

Charlie Chaplin by Daniel Green

The American Circus Clown by Del Ivan Janik

Commedia ell'Arte by Angelica Forti-Lewis

Native American Coyote Trickster Tales and Cycles by Ellen Rosenberg

The Drag Queen by Carl Bryan Holmberg

Sir John Falstaff by Alan Lutkus

Feste by Neil Novelli

W.C. Fields by Carl Bryan Holmberg

Folly in "In the Praise of Folly" by Charles M. Kovich

The Fop: "Apes and Echoes of Men": Gentlemanly Ideals and the Restoration by Moira E. Casey

Gimpel by Alice R. Kaminsky

Joseph Grimaldi by Nancy J.D. Hazelton

Forrest Gump: Innocent Fool by James M. O'Brien

Hamlet by Malcolm A. Nelson

Hephaestus, Hermes, and Prometheus: Jesters to the Gods by Margery L. Brown

The Heyoka of the Sioux by Elizabeth Hoffman Nelson

Clowns of the Hopi by Elizabeth Hoffman Nelson

Ben Jonson by Elizabeth Quay Sullivan

Buster Keaton by Alan Lutkus

William Kemp by James P. Bednarz

Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy: Yin and Yang by Douglas Brode

Lear's Fool by Alan Hager

Loki, the Norse Fool by Carl Bryan Holmberg

The Marx Brothers by Vicki K. Janik

Merry Report by Vicki K. Janik

Paul the Apostle by Mary A. Maleski

Penasar of Bali: Sacred Clowns by Ron Jenkins

Pierrot: Dramatic and Literary Mask by John D. Anderson

Platus's Clowns by Aaron W. Godfrey

Puck/Robin Goodfellow by Jonathan Gil Harris

Punch and Judy by F. Scott Regan and Bradford Clark

Francois Rabelais by William J. Kennedy

Martha Raye by Bruce Henderson

Rigoletto by Peter N. Chetta

Schlemiels and Schlimazels by Joel Shatzky

The Sleary Circus by Anthony Giffone

Socrates as Fool in Aristophanes and Plato by David Luljak

Will Sommers by Andrew Vogel Ettin

The Sottie, the Sots, and the Fols by Donald Perret

South African Political Clowning: Laughter and Resistance to Apartheid by Ron Jenkins

Country Squires and Bumpkins by Janet S. Wolf

The Three Stooges by Henry Sikorski

Taishu Engeki: Subverting the Patterns of Japanese Culture by Ron Jenkins

The Tarot Fool by David Conford

The Tarot Fool in English and American Novels by David Conford

Touchstone by Alan Lutkus

The Vice Figure in Middle English Morality Plays by David N. DeVries

The Vice in Henry Medwell's 'Nature' by David N. DeVries

Mae West by Marlene San Miguel Groner

The Yankee by Jack Hrkach

The Zanni by James Phillips

Selected General Bibliography

Index

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